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TOL. I. 


: O. i 


E*» B 9 Lohbbi!, A M, President 
Jl CitAT Dbameb, A M, Professor of Latin 
•3 so W Bowmajt, A M, PrGf«a«ur of Sotenoe 
J tj Lsb M . v v-' , A U, Professor »f M.'itbomatics 
But W 8 EMiBotE. A M, Profeuor Of Gr. ek 

M'»* Auoa M Kv«tt8, BS 

Professor of Instrumental Aiusio 

Miss Aliob KGiworioh. M A 

Professor of Vocal Culture 

M>*a Adslaidb B Shhldok, Profaasor of Art 

Cllonian fkoitty —Mifb Abbib Rkbo 
rht)ok«#miitn Society— Kuv S D Kacbt 
JUloaeieau Society— J T tirAVWLsa 

Bbt M O Labm, Financial Agent 

Ali oomzAOiiicattou* or lO-ma ot nerc should 
>r •«#ntt«. Hi*. P,-*,»ld«mt. Siibnerl^UonrtshouiA 
V' otmi to the l abU»hinff Agvut. 

TheCOLLKGE FO KL'M will be sent tacui li- 
ly f»r •>!»•.» y«ur p<» receipt 01 twf iity-ii\«i t-«n»s. 
Subkvf ipucmt r< at i<uy time, 

Portei-u* ©J tMivarUAjii^, uuUrwos ihtt Pub- 

which is quickening the pulses of appear in u>< columns. Here pi* q j ft>r 
the College. j the improvement of the CoUegf will 

In the ancient capital of" the world, | be discussed. Serious discue- 
theie were no newspaper* to lay be- |sions of important subjects germsnt 
fore the eye? of the public, the news to our work will appear. As many 
trom the armies in the provinces, or ^ of the fiesh and valuable papw*, 
of the political developments at home. | prepared by our students for prt • 
If a man wished to learn what was j vate and public rhetoric's, as we 
going on, he must goto the great j can find room for, will be given.— 
Forum where stood Home's great j The various departments "^of the 
temples, her basilicas where law j College,, scientific, and sr. 
Was administered, and the imperial tistic, will be represented. In a 
palaces whence issued the orders word, "The College Fokum" will 
which controlled the world. Here j be a lively place where something, 
were the spectacular displays by j instructive, yes, and pleasing too,' 
which the priests of the various god* j may always be expected, 
aaint-aiufd their hold upon the pe> [ The Faculty of Lebanon ViUet 



Io the Roman gladiatorial shows, 
the gladiators greeted the opeotalors 
With the cry, muritvr i talutamus "Wc 
who are about to die salute you. 
But that is not our greeting. It is 
rather Victuri sulutamus "We who 
are about u> live salute you." It is 
a) way 8 p!-,»a*ant to recoi ve the hearty , 
tigor «us band &huke of a strong man 
•J exuberant vitality. There is some- 
thing exhilarating and refreshing in 
such a greeting. It tones up oae's 
whole system. Such a hearty, vital 
freeting *e extend to the friends 
**»d patrons u f Lebanon Valley Coi- 
ir.ti» whose hand« this number 
fail«.. "The College Fonuai" often 
•pr-kec r.f and wished for in the past, 
lias at \m\ tak<-n shape, and is a 
nunir e »tKt:on of the life and power 


pic. Hero were the trials in which 
the great orators, whose names are 
3veia yet spoken witU reverent lips, 
were heard. Here was the culmina- 
tion of the triumph of the great gen- 
erals, whe came back from their vic- 
tories over the barbarian in the prov- 
inces. All that was grand and im- 
posing in Roman life, here found its 
eeutre. All the varied social and 
commercial life^ol '.he Roman metro 
polls as well found greater or L;ss 
manifestation at this plac . 

In much the same way we desire 
to make "The College Forum" the 
expression of all the varied life con 
nected with Lebanon Valley College. 
College life, grave or gay, scholarly 
or social, will be mirrored in its 
pages*. The work of the recitation 
room, the life of the society halls, the 
merry badinage of fcho play ground, 
ail will be seen here. 0?d friends 
will meet and talk over "the days 
that are no more." News from the 
xeny graduates who hate ^oue oot 
Jroui cur halls during the last twen- 
ty one years, and of the hundreds of 
old nudei.ta who remember their 
college days with great pleasure will 

College would not accept the re- 
sponsibility and labor of editing 
r.his journal £o cheerfully if they 
had not faith in the cooperation of 
the friends of the College among 
the Alumni, former students and 
patrons. Items of newj appropriate 
for our columns will be gratefully 
received. Articles bear . ,g on the 
interests of the school, scholarly or 
financial, will receive kindly con- 
sideration. On this "FoRUK," alt 
who Lave V te * • "rare of our -Col- 
lege at heart are welcome. 

Again, sending kindly greetings 
to the friends of Lebanon Valle* 
College, of whh:h Christmas efaeer, 
and good wished for the New War. 
form a part, the faculty make a bow 
and settle themselres comfortably 
in their editorial chairs. 

Astronomical Events for January 

Very few planets are visible in th rf 
evpning during the month, hot the 
>ky is studded with the moat jriag- 
nificent constellations. Tau, Ori- 
on and Gemini are now« ar ly. treeing 
soastellations. Satnrn rises abeos 


H& gt auji i J 1 ! ii ■ mi i ii i i i lu-1* i i r» 

p. »., and the other con- 
spicuous planets later. The mornii-g 
wky ii» *tudded with planeta-rrMar*; 
V«ius and Jupiter being all visible 
iroui four to six in the morning 
Venus la approaching the sun and 
is now very favorably situated f«ir 
observation; it is in Virgo and 
Scorpio during the month. Mars is 
in Virgo ana Jupiter in the name 
uw<euberhood. The planet Neptune 
in atmthwaVt of the Piciadoa. 

Musieii Culture. 

Perhaps at no time has the im- 
p./f;ince of the study of music bctffc 
so rccegnized and fel* as now. A 
few years kg© it vas not cdnsidereu 
eanential to an education, but was 
au extra, to* b<»' studied if there Witt 
time; out we have arrived at that 
time, when no education is consid- 
ered complete without it. B\ 
this ?ro do pot mean a thorough 
musical edueauon, for this would 
not be within the reach of ail; but 
A Knowledge of music in one phrase 
Oar another. 

As people leurn to appreciate the 
influence' and power of mu»ic more, 
theie also arises a greater necessity 
(W careful aad . earnest study. T'<e 
end to be desired is not to pursue a 
certain number of studies and pieces 
and thus complete a prescribed 
course; but it is rather to study 
carefully, and try to enter into the 
foeling of the music, patiently an- 
alyzing and trying to bring out all 
there is in it. It is not, therefore, 
how much ground we go over, but 
how well we study. 

Music is defined to a suecestion 
of eounds, so harmonized as to 
plearc the ear. But we read be- 
tween the lines more than this. It 
refines and elevates the taste: tonch- 
css our inmost nature, draws us tc 
things noble and divine. It is the 
avenue through which men have 
poured out their souls in strains; 
sometimes sai and melaneboly, fell 
of disappointment snd sorrow, or in 
"•aright and happy movements, shbw- 
the frame of mind th«\eompcser 
fa* i> wh«a writing, 

ITo have the greatest f atiet? ef 
^i«eie te twit ttw mti a*t£ tawkee 
ejT *fi pm&to &• ©** t»* «e£ tfce 

find in it a friend that is true and 
will sot fail us. In distress and 
griof it is often the balm that 

soothes and heals more quickly than 
words. When lonely and flad, dis- 
ouraged and in need of sympathy, 
we can find in music the comfort 
and sympathy we need. 

Tho>»e who study it carefully can- 
not help but be impressed by it, and 
enter somewhat into the feeling of 
the music. Persons who have hoard 
little music, cannot be expected to 
appreciate I5«ethovon's sonatas, oi 
Abt's scngs. It is in music an it: 
every other study, people with le^s 
•Advantages for studying and heating 
(.annot understand music, a3 those 
a bo have had every advantage. — 
Hut it should be the aim of every 
one to cultivate the taste for that 
which is the best. 

About a year ago, a lady was 
asked by an old man to sing "Home 
Sweet Home;" after singing, the old 
man, with tears in his even, anri 
trembling voice said: ' "I always 
loved that hymn so mueh." Home, 
Sweet Home has lost its charms for 
most people, but could we hear a 
Patti or Jenny Lind sing iVwe 
ould not help being moved and im- 
pressed by it. 

Parents should secure for their 
children the best possible insirsi! 
uon, for a great deal depeuds on 
their first training. 

meet taesoesfal artit.ts ef our c ; 
nbo-5% execution is oemiaij 
able, is called, "A maa without aV= 
idea, without a pass>on. without any 
hing but a wonderfully traituj — 
hand and an uncommon perception 
of actual objects." ar 
■Patient appik-atioa can accon th 
plish ioaanj^thiugs, loieed let m^ 1 
one attempt to reach a proficiency i ( n 
ant art, without the exercise otS! 
practice. The cultivation of thiiY 
virtue is not to be counted »a th 
ieast advantage afforded by stndi r« 
practice. a ' 


Drawing is undoubtedly an aid t ^ 

fche ^memerjii The ceiebrited Mae w 

ame Care's aaermi of taaoniug i hi 

conaist* in reauiring pupils to re e * 


pni.s certain for tun, unUl they an 

callable oi pioducing an accurst 



Tko Btndy of Ari 

Among the many advantages of 
a training in the arts of drawing 
and painting, is the cultivation of 
<.he sense of perc,?:p4ion, perhaps the 
most valued of all we possess. Tet, 
now few people realize the necessity 
of training the eye to observe cor 
reetly as wsll as the organs of 
speech to correct ennneiation. Even 
an amateur in drawing as he acquires 
a habit of close observation, is 
enabled to see many beauties in na- 
ture, whieh would bs unnoticed by 
the ordinary ebservei. 

It is an erroneous idea tVai the 
eclture ef the fine arte it fc« be en 
j*ye4 hj enly a fur. fma, aet all 
[&i4 taleat ia Ait fine 

drawing of tbe sama object froi v« 
memory . ^ £ ■ P 

i ue practical uses of drawing »r 
woli known. But is it n«oesstr p 
ihat w« devote our time entirolyt « ! 
the usoful arts? Tue Jove of bom * ; 
by in man rtquiras tood or it will a ^ 
lunger live m bin.. Tho cultivoiioi 
ol good taste is an essential partol 
tne education of ail, and what wuck , 
i'oliow more surely, if the eye ii 
trainod to obae r ve and til U 
mind to judge iatelligently. Lst i 
o/io despise thii cranctt of tbe aria ^ 
wtiich are older than the scieud c; 
and have kept pace with tbe pro t! 
„ress of the world creating as we !P 
It, tatudjing demands. 



Young Ladies' Mission Band of 1 ^' 
College was a very interesting J f< 
Home short traett wsre ruad ai^ ' b 

pm eet tmum taieas I* wit -me- gjf " "td^Ut k!^H» « 
. | h^^«ftmtf^t«^«»ofU»|^|'worfc mm k*m it rrewi* 11 

Hoer'A\m y i^aycr. 

(From Latin Version.) q 
TraarfaUxi by Trot. H. Olay l>c&nef. 

My bclovea Pan and ail eihi fc 

goiis who frequent this place, grii ^ 

bhat I may be beautiful withii h 

■f hatever 1 have from without, nw. *' 

thai be friendly to =,hose things f *j 

ward. Moteofer, may I deem a'Wj 

mau to be a wealthy one. Ma/^ 

iaave so much ot gold as no on« $ (j 

cept a temptrato man can carry U: 

compute. l * 
t. « i ■ ;. i- i i ti 

Th« Doeember meeting ef * P ! 


et m 

W. D. Shupe of the class of '87 
arrived in Annville near the close of 
the .term from New Haven, Conn 
He remained a few days and then 
went on to Mt. Pleasant, where he 
Br y resides, to spend his vacation. Mr 
i4% o| Shape is at present a student in the 
' thii Yale Law School. 
»a th Rev. J. W. Etter, D. D., was 
itndi rather frail health daring 


autumn months, but is now in what 
is iorhirn excellent health. By th 
wav, his text book on Homiletics — 
Mac "Tibe Preacher and His Sermon" 
in&i has been having a steady sale, sev- 
to re * r *" edition** being already exhaust 
ed. It has recently been adopted 
by two Methodist Theological Semi 
lyrics as a text-book; certainly t 
01 very handsome and practical com 
plimcnt to the valae of the treatise. 

Prof. G. W. Bowman has recently 
eatsr procured a 'complete photographic 
'olyi outfit, and has prepared a number oi 
k 0M excellent, views of the college and ol 
varions private residences. He is rap 
idly becoming an expert in the an. 

aid t 

>y si 


pill ni 


Prof. J. E. Lehman is evidently an 
authority in bis department. In twe 
or three instances problems from 
syo » other institution have been referred 
til to him for solution, wi h gratifying 
[i6t W success. His help in preparing tb« 
Christmas munic was greatly ap- 
* K predated by the Annville U. B 
-i* u « ehnreh. It is not generally known 
j pro ttaf tht Professor is a musical com 
« w«! P f, *«-r tnti author, but such is none 
Ithe'lrss a fact. '-Rippling Rills from 
, t.«e Fountain of Song" has his nam* 
on the title page. 

Pres. Lorenz's new book, "The 
Go*pel Worker's Treasury." i» ka- 
olin ( l uite a 8al e. Two editions have 

• 8 lfconthtt and the demand is increas 
ritWing. The book is having a larg* 
l( mj aaic outaidn of the chn^ch. During 
ag» f *J*fc same time over 3o,000 oi hi* 
Christmas publications have been 



The work of the Agent, R+.v. M. 
O. Lane, in getting the affairs of th* 
irrj College upon a strictly busines* ba»- 
is deserves the high&ss; commends 
: tlort * Under his careful systewak 
of t 1 plans of work the interests o! the 
oftCorlege aie making favorable prog 
n g m rcf>». That with all his insisting on 
,1<J<I bus-ines» rules and priociples, he h 
j B|l genial and kind, n a matter of gen- 
<A * ra * congratulation. The Agent's 
fc$ *ork is one that is difficult in every 
m& institution, iud hie patience is oftei 
QT* tn <d beyond endurance. 

Hiss £vcr» recently spent a Son 
6*J< «t* Mis* Savtll* 8csa»«r» st'| . 

the class sf '85, who is teaching at 
Schuylkill Seminary, Fredericks 
borg, Pa. She reports having a 
very pleasant visit. 

Rev. I. W. Sneath, pastor at Cam 
bridgeport, Mass., was granted a ten 
days' vacation, preceding the holi 
days, which he spent in visiting 
friends and relatives. The students 
of L. V. C. were pleased to see their 
former Professor in Greek on the 
rostrum at prayers on Tuesday morn 
ing, December 13th, and to hear his 
voice in the devotioial exercises. 


A new arrangement in regard to 
the finances in their relation to ma- 
triculation has been ordered by the 
Executive Committee. The Secre 
i.arv of the Faculty will furnish each 
student cards on which the studio 
lie wish' s to take are written. Tni* 
card will be counteraigned by tb*- 
Agent, Rev. M. O Lane, on receipt o< 
whe entire tuition of the term. With- 
out this card thus countersigned no 
student will be udmittel to classes. 
This rule will be vigorously enforc?^d. 

The brute now building according 
to the p'ans of President Lorenz for 
his use, is attracting a great deal of 
attention, because of its radical de- 
parture ficn? preva tnt forms of do 
tnestic architecture in Annville. Its 
beauty of exterior and convenience 
of arrangement are generally ac- 
knowledged and appreciated. I: will 
be ready ior occupation April 1st. 

The plans which have been pro 
jeetcd fo»- increasing the comfort of 
the students in the dormitories are 
appreciated by them. As compared 
with other institutions where the 
terms are double and even trebk 
those asked at L V. C, the dormt 
dories are already very comfortable 
in thia conoeetion it may be said 
i>hat tin plaus for refurnishing th« 
whole building are making excelled 

Prof. Deaner's public rhetorical on 
he evening "f Decern bet 21s»t was a 
magnificent success The art of con 
irnsaiion wis exemplified iu a moa 
happv way. There were twenty or'n 
tions and addresses and five piece? 
if mimic, and the whole was over 
without any ha«;e in about two 
hours. The freshmen and sophomore* 
certainly did well and did the teach 
ing of their rhetorical professor, 
great credit. 

The Tr%w. Bdicvrr, opened by two 
& our Alumni, U. vs. A. H. Shank 
and I. H Albright, has been greatly 
appreciated at L. V. C. It is an sx- 
ellsat magaaiss, 1'hs irst umber 

a«s> sr acss asis so. is., e* asasts^- ^ 

tors and the outlook for the periodi- 
cal is promising. It ought to b>- 
supported by their brethren ia tin- 
ministry and made a financial at* 
well as a literary and religions suc- 
cess. It does us good to see onr 
Alumni manifesting the literary en- 
terprise and religious zeal which 
this magazine represents. 

The short talks on artists and art 
topics which Miss Sheldsn has been 
giving her pupils, will be continued 
next term. 

The students of the Art Depart- 
ment are making an «tfort to render 
tbeir Studio more attractive by pa- 
pering the walls and otherwise im- 
proving its apperrance. 

The music depariment of Lebanon 
Valley College, Fall term of 1867, 
opened with quite a large attend- 
ance. There have been between fifty 
and sixty names enrolled. A series 
of recitals have been given and the 
public h*ve testified to the merits 
and attainmeats of pupils. 

We h»d the pleasure of attending 
a concert givn by Wru. R^wood at 
Lebanon a few weeks ago. It was a 
treat such a» we seldom hare the 
opportunity of enjoy nsr. Hi* musie 
was classical, but m> finely executed 
*nd beautifully interpreted that all 
*ere highly entertained and greatly 
uleased. We ait glad that America 
can boASt ot so great a musician, 
both as composer and perfo? itfef, and 
ngr^t that more of oi.r students 
cowld not hear hi in. 

The mtereat in the C'oi!«»£»> votinV 
jested by R.>r J. L. Gnmjn. t p 
iter of the Itinerant, \* t.xa*> •■i-,ivr\y 
gratifying. H« has opened its cof- 
ains is va: iuu» cwraiUunications and 
College news iu * very generous and 
Ueany *ray. The editorial col « mas 
agaia and again have given encour- 
agement U» the College and advocat 
ed its interests. The vaiue of this 
an»ot be over-estimated; tho kiod- 
n.;as it represeats is deeply appre- 
ciated. Tne Itinerant is a icoisi, ex- 
cellent werkly, giviag the news r 
►or Eastern church life and serving 
to bind th*- East tofether and to or- 
ganize it for effect'. re unity rf effort 
^s no other agency quite e*n H is 
uo rival to the ftleteop^ filling a* 
entirely differ* nt sphere, it ought 
vj be most heartily supported aud 
its 8-ibaci ptien li»t dob bled during 
tne coming year. This would double 
%m influence for good among onr 
ouurci ea uu\\ enable the publishers 
tojsnlafge it so as to give them mora 
ample space to represent the various 
in teres t« of the church hire iu ths 
Kast. To our fri«nd* we wonia say, 
puah the Itinerant and, help tl»s 
urethra in tKcir effort to advo«t» 

ttefcar-to arai« 


Fhllokosmian Literary Society. 

Esse Quam Videri. 

The P. L. S. tries to be true to her 
mouo. Mr. A. L. Gerberieh is her 
honored President. 

The members of the Society were 
pleased nth the recent t isit o( 
President. Lorenx. 

Messrs. C. H. Backenstoe, of '87 
and G J. C. Durr are pursuing law 

Geo. K Shenk, of '87, laid asidi 
his studies ic medicine over Th \k>- 
giving to visit homeland friends in 
AnnriUe. Gt:o;r;e lures mrsio. 

On Sunday, December 4th, A. A. 
Lonj tniniBtered Pj? "Word or" Life" 
to the goo \ paopie cf r> o vr\ 
BeiK* county. Theaiatera hated "to 
see bim leave them." 

P>ro Shannon says he never before 
met with people so kind a* those who 
greeted him on his recent visit to 
Miss Erb's home. 

Rov. I. H. Albright, of the class 
ot '76, is frnVoj the editors of the 
new publicati The True Believer. 
The P. L S. sends greeting and 
good wIhIR:?*. 

In extra session on Wednesday, 
December 7th, a committee was ap- 
pointed to convey to Messrs. B. F. 
and Joseph Daughertv an expression 
of sympathy in their sc-re bereave- 
ment, the death u( their father. 

Two entertainments of the Philo 
kotunian Lecture Course hive tku: 
far occurred. The lecture by C. K. 
B<dton on "Reunited Germany and 
the Hemic Louise" was well received 
and Misg Olive Thompson kept, her 
audience in constant delight by hei 
akill in reading and impersonation 
She had a full house and would have 
a fuller odc should aha appear in 
Annville again. 

The Executive Committee hare for 
aome time presented programmes o 
literary work which have shewn con- 
siderable care in respect to arrange 
ment and matter. subject mat 
fcer of an evening's exercises has ha» 
reference to a particular people or 
nation. The plan has been a success 
Th<3 last programme in the Fail term 
prrsented variom questions in Eng- 
lish Literature. 

Collig« Foacn. Tkey hare long 
fsltthu need of a means of commun- 
ication with the ex-members of the 
Society, a ad since the way has been 
opened the Society has heartily eon- 
sarited to contribute from time to 

Oar prewnt membership is not as 
large ss heretofore, owiag to the un 
*.j»*>tird condition of the school at the 
beginning of tho year, and also to 
the fact tn&t several hare gone from 
the school to entei other relations. 

The election of officers was held 
on December 9th, and recnited in 
the election of J. T. Sparkler as 
president; U. A. Walmer, vic« pres- 
ideut: D. H. Burtner. recording sec 
retary, ani John Shoemaker, corres 
ponding secretary. 

Dr. E. S. Fretjd, of Nawberg. Pa., 
an n member of Society, was several 
weeks sg>» married to Miss Violet 
Nissley, of Derry, Pa. 

It is rumored that several other 
x-membera of Society w'dl ere long 
ake to themselves their better halves. 

ago, who remembered that school 
girls are always hungry for some- 
thing from home. 

Miss Krb spent a few days witb 

her grandparents in Richland. 

On Nor. 29t^, by the Rsr. A. M. 
Evers, Dr. E. S. P*reed, of Newbarg» 
to Miss Violette E. Nissley, ot Derry, 
who in former years was a faithful 
nember of our Society, We congrat- 
ulate the doctor on his choice. The 
best wishes of the Society accom- 
pany them. 

A half dozen bonk* wore recently 
presented by a kind friund; the so* 
eiety highly appreciates such gifts. 

The rostrum chairs have been re- 
cover -d in garnet pi nab, and make 
3'Ute a pleasing appearance. 

The election of officers for the 
coming term was hold on Dec. 9th. 

The Clionian Anniversary. 

aalazetean literary {Society. 

*'ie Society rery much appreciates 
tfee kindness shown toward it by the 
faculty and Executive Committee in 
appropriating to it apace in the 

C J Ionian Literary Society. 

We celebrated our fourteenth an- 
niversary on November 24th 1887, 
and w^re assisted with (he music by 
hisses Evers Gingerich, Smith and 
Kreider. to the delight ot all present, 
r'a'dir kindness was highly appreci 
ate'd by the Society who feol that 
ihoae who have gone from: among u* 
ire still interested in the welfare of 
»t the Society. Many kind letters 
•>er •: received from friends and mem- 
ber* who could not be with us. Others 
en co a raged us by their presence 
Among the many were: Misses Car 
He Eby, of Newport, and Augusta 
Doyle, of Reading, of the class of 87; 
Miss Mary Eri-«nan,of Mt. Joy ; Mia* 

ana Backenstol, of Union Deposit; 
Miss May Keen, of Warwick. , 

Misses Carrie Bashare, of West 
Fairview ani Ida Kutz, ot Newville 
were the guests of Miss Allie Kutz. 
on Thanksgiving. 

Miss Nettie Swartz spent a few 
lavs at her home in New Oxford. 
Oa her return the ladies enjoyed 
delicious feast. 

Mr. and Mrs. H. L. Erb, of Clay 
made their daughter Lena a very 
pleasaut visit on Thanksgiving Day. 

ntsses Anna Keedy and Bright- 
bili hare been the happy guests at 
.our tuikey dinners since Thanks 

Miss Ltllic Marks of the ckss of 
'87, visited ir.eads in Hamaburg. 

Miss Wivm *n received a rery plaaa- 
ast'oall frera her father a few daj s 







Thanksgiving day is welcomed by 
the people ofAinville for more rea- 
sons than one. A feature of Thanks- 
giving, as well established as the 
jay itself, is the anniversary in tho 
:veuing of the Clionian (ladies') 
Literary Society. These occasions 
always fill the chapol to its capacity, 
the last one being no exception to 
the rule. Long before the Society 
entered every seat was taken and as 
oiauy temporary ones as could be 
laced in the aisles, and then some, 
rowded from the gallery, stood by 
the large double doors. 

The leisure time gave opportunity 
to notice the modest decorations. In 
the slightly recessed centre of tue 
stage wall had been tastcfuli arrange 
ed in evergreen, the Society initials 
and the motto: U C. L. S. Virtute 
et^ide." Parlor rugs were judi- 
ciously arranged on the brussels of 
the stage, the chsirs were grouped 
about several tables, and house 
plants appropriately placed, giving 
the whole a warm, home-like ap- 

At the appointed hour the south- 
west window of the strge was open- 
ed, when the performers entered and 
took their places amid rounds of 
applause. The president, Miss Anns 
Reed, extended to all a happy wel- 
come, after which the following pro- 
gramme was rendered, the invocation 
by Pres. E. S. Lorenz: 

Piano Duo— Last movement from Hth Sympho- 
ny, (liaydon),.. Misses Moycr and Swartt 

Katakkkomhrma f>oci«tf 

Vocal Quartette— Robin Adair. 

Miseen Smith, Kvere. Kreider an4 Glnjjricl 
Oration— Wo the Heirs ot Former Ages. ' , 
.8. Loula Kni* 

Recitation— riy inn Jim's LaatL*ap. 

Mary M . Sh«n* 

Miw Aili«M.liT«K 

. .T.em* ST* 











Piano S»lo--l.a Caaeado. 
R«titation--H«z«kiah Badott. 




ridf ' 

Ht4fA»g-IH>r* Alli * L> KutI 

"V»c»l Solo- -Serenade MiM. £12* Jtf. Smith 

Iio««t»Vi»a--l>ritr R«#a Nettl* M. ftwartz 

•OUt« Braach..... Annie B, Forney, Editor 

V»o«l Q»art«tt*—Spair«wi Twitter. 

Mimm Smith, Erara Krelder and Gingrich 

The music was of an especially 
high order of excellence, the vocal 
iolo receiving aa encore. 

The "Katakkkommena" was a col- 
lection of apt quotations delivered 
by the members in turn . 

The oration presented an excellent 
line of thought, clothed in good lan- 
guage and well delivered. 

"Flying Jim's Last Leap" requited 
the expression of the simplicity of a 
child, the sternness of an angry fa 
ther, the excitement of a fir* scene, 
and the seriousness of a hero's death. 
The successful rendering showed 
careful preparation and a determina- 
tion that was not disturbed by a 
little applause out of season. 

"Hezekiah Bedott" was a humor- 
ous impersonation of "the Widow 
Bedott" relating in a "far about" 
way an observation onco made by 
her husband Hczokiah. The } er 
former, in early day costume— her 
grandmother's wedd ng dress — en- 
tered by the stage window, and seat 
ed herself by a table on whi :h had 
been placed i candle. After deliber- 
ately taking up her knitting she ad 
dressed herself to Mies Lizzie Hiee- 
ter, who sat near sewing. The char- 
acter was sustained well and drew 
hearty applause. 

The reading of Tennyson's "Dora" 
was not the least important feature 
ot the program. The performer 
showed a clear conception and reali 
zation of the touching story, and 
familiarity with the printed page. 

"Brier Rose" presented the gayetj 
of a coquette, the beauties of land 
•cape, the terrible saapense of a 
threatening flood, and the sad u<;ro 
ism of the brave girl's death. The 
manner in which the different moods 
were brought oat deserved great 
credit, and leeeived favorable com 

The "Olive Branch" presented a 
timely article ou Thanksgiving, cor 
rected by the aid of history the 
piophecy of last year, and made a 
new one, picturing particular happy 
futures for the sisters, the editress 
naturally failing to use her own 

uu 1116 ',, P flr8ona ' 8 ^<re bright 
'hits," yet were aimed at none but 

The entire program passed pleas 
anUy and without a iar, sustaining 
the superior native ability of young 
**di«s to entertain. The whole was 
thoroughly Clioniaa, which, being 
interpreted is, thoroughly a success. 

Hebrew in the College. 

Mind like matter in plastic. It is 
susceptible to prccessss producing 
expansion, rounded fullness, and pol 
•sh. The college coarse io an auxil- 
iary to the wcrk of these processes, 
while the Curriculum stands as t 
finger-board but whether it shall 
inflexibly point out the way 
-*hjch leads by the fountains ol 
V.c'eut love locked up in the 
dead languages, or whether it 
no y indi ate a way upon which are 
met mote practical p^rsona^es, is a 
question, in reenat years has 
beenTnot a little agitated. In accord- 
ance with the ^rac-ical tendencies of 
the present age, s«*me have main 
tamed thai discipline of miud equal 
to that obtained by the nudy of the 
ancient classics might be secured 
from other studies seemingly of more 
practical value in the ordinary avo- 
cations of life. In spite of the vig- 
orous attack that- has been made and 
likely will continue to be made by 
certain classes of minds, the Greek 
and the Latin seem likely to retain 
their places in the college course. — 
The Hebrew has not been so fortun- 
ate as they in holding a place in the 
general estimate of what is embraced 
in a liberal college education. In 
earlier times, and during the revival 
of learning following the crusade of 
the eleventh and twelfth cen 
tuiies, and even later, the He 
brew may be regarded as hav- 
ing received its full ehare of 
attention when it is remembered 
that its literature is not nearly so 
comprehensive in its scope as iethat 
at Greei or of Latin. Nor did it 
lose its place at once, but gradually 
it yielded until at present the ques- 
tion is frequently asked, should He- 
brew not be inoiudod in the classical 
course of the college ? 

Nor is the position taken bj those 
who claim it should stand on an 
equsl with the otaer languages in 
the college course altogether inde- 
gible. The oldest literature that has 
come down in the history of the race 
is written ia the Hebrew language. 
In the study of this, as in the study 
of no otner language may be 
traced the simplicity of primitive 
ideas and the gradual development 
of the faculties of discrimination 
leading to accuracy in expression of 
thought. Here may be found indi- 
cations of the presence of symbolical 
expression which the student of the 
language, in his following the trans 
actions to verbal expression, explores 
and harmonizes with the thought in- 
tended to be conveyod, with the great- 
est delight. The root ideas of words 
are no lsss imtereatinjj to trace, Ths 

transformations, distinctions and 
development* of root ideas as ex- 
hibited in words earned down in the 
same language through the space of 
a thousand years serve as aa iadex 
to the intellectual, and p*rhap» not 
teas to th9 moral life ot those using 
the language. While the careful 
study of this index begets in the stu- 
dent a quickened discrimiuatioa 
and the faculty of perceiving the 
philosophy of events which canuob 
but be of the greatest practical value. 

It may safely be admitted that the 
literary s;vle of every individual is 
largely influenced by the works he 
reads a»xl studies. If this be xo % 
*omd the student of the Hebrew noli 
receive benefit? The rhetorical fig- 
ures of this language sparkle with 
brilliancy. Mauy passages exhibit 
a vividness of conception character- 
istic of the ancient iniud, to which tne 
madei n mind does not approach.- 
The style of some writers of the He- 
brew is unrivalled in simplicity, 
elegance and force. Now hero can 
be found more simple, straight for- 
ward descriptive narativ*, subhmer 
strains of poetry, or more forcible 
didacted admonitory or polemic dis- 
course. On short intensity of ex- 
pression seems to flow and ebb as the 
sensibilities of the writers reach out 
and upward toward the Divine or 
settle back again to the common- 
place things of sense. If then the 
student receives any influence in the 
in the study of arct^nt langnagcs 
as to the formation of his style, as 
to the quickening of his sensibilities 
— as to his conceptions of the beau- 
tiful and the sublime — as to ability 
to trace the growth of language, to 
perceive the development of thought 
or to distinguish the relation of 
events, may he not find in the He- 
brew all toe conditions necessary to 
a salutary influence, and derive as 
great benefit f!om its study as from 
that of the Greek or of the Latin ? 

Then again the spirit of the He- 
brew literature is farther reaching 
than that of any other literature ex- 
tant. The profouudest and most 
highly imaginative pjoductions of 
modern literature are replete with 
Hebrew thought and Hebrew con- 
ceptions. What were "Paradise Lost" 
and Dante's Inferno, the masterpieces 1 
of modern literature without their 
Hobrew elements ? What were Eng- 
lish literature if all that is of Hebrew 
origin should be stricken from it ?" 
An empty shell! The roar of a sea, 
with the silence of death! But the 
greater part of the Hebrew which 
has come down to us is a record di- 
rectly or inderectly of God's dealings 
with the earrly race. Whether it be. 
more advantageous to the ordinary 
college student te spend hours ot 
hard labor analyzing words and sea- 

fences pregnant with thoughts of the 
Divine, and sentimsnts of morality, 
or to bestow the same labor npon the 
myths traditions and inconsistencies 
of ancient paganism is a question 
which other things being equal, were 
possibly not hard to decide. But 
since it caDnot be denied that a more 
varied exorcise of the mind .« requir- 
ed in the study of Greek and Latin 
than in the study of Hebrew, so long 
as the college seeks only the intel- 
lectual development of the student 
the policy to retain the Greek an,! 
Latin, and unless the ordinary cur- 
riculum be extended, i eject the He- 
brew, must continue I think it may 
be safely said, that the stud/ pf siny 
language is of little practiced bene- 
lit to the student unless he heeorce 
proficient in it to such a degree a« 
to be able to enter into the spirit of 
that language and to recognize the 
ie«s apparent distinctions and varia- 
tions ot thought which lie beneath 
the mere collocation of words. Thin 
fact taken in connection with two 
others, viz: That a large percentage 
of the classical graduates of the eol 
lege enter the ministry, and that a 
seminary course of three years 
too limited in time to allow the at 
ientum to the study of the element*- 
of the language which i» indispensa- 
ble in order to arrive at the best re- 
sults, would seem to argue witbtorce 
in favor of the Hebrew studies in th» 
college. It were better, it seems to 
me, to make Hebiew at least an 
elcetive study, so that thohe wh<^ 
fcave the minisiry in view might bwf 
the opportunity to become acquaint- 
ed with the language before they en 
ter the seminary, &r.d tbu? be pre 
pared to take up Old Testament 
Studies at a great advantage 
over those who must Spend one third 
of their time at the seminary acquir- 
ing a knowledge of the elements o1 
the language, being thus obliged 
perhaps, to creep during all the 
course, unable to walk through the 
grand cathedral* rilf brew .thought 
and imagery. No one can hope y 
become proficient in Biblical exegesis 
or in theology without having firs*! 
become master of the languages in 
which the scripture were written. 
To the minister who is to divide tht 
word and to heed the admonition, 
"give ye them to eat," it is nigh lj 
important to be abie to examine iot< 
the essei.c-3 ol the truth and to bt 
not merely a dependent' .upon th« 
statement of others. Bit the dan 
geris that he who begins the Hebrew 
for the first, wuen he. enters the 
seminary will eoree .ou^./rom 
'its hulls without being bo imbued 
with the spirit of .the language aVto 
cause him* to continue lis study ; .fa 
Widen event- it is laid; s^ids and tii 
Ale. proc-rten* benefit U derive* fri* 

the labor thus bestowed upon it. 
Let the College give at least two 
years to the study of the elements 
of the language and to the acquir- 
ing of a vocabulary, and then with 
this start let all who have had the 
advantages of an academical course, 
and who intend to labor in the min- 
istry of the United Brethren in 
Christ, go to Union Biblical Seminary 
to complete their studies; and Dr. 
Landis will never allow them to come 
awftj' without such a knowledge of 
Hebrew as will never permit them 
to lay aside its study. A profi- 
ciency in two languages, beside his 
mother tongue, is Morth more to the 
minister than a smattering in a 
dozen. 8. D. Faust. 

Where Eusie is deeded. 

Poets have dwelt upon the neces- 
sity of keeping alive that vital spark 
of heavealy fl*nie conscience. And 
next to this fustering conscience 
coaies the need of enconr- 
isjgr the growth, and the keeping 
alive of that divine attribute, music. 
Trere should be music in every 
ho iseheld, and the spirit that en 
courages melody should exist in ev- 
en? circle bound by the ties of vela 
tion&hip. A household whtre thet> 
is no musical instrument is on? 
where the social atmosphere is apt 
to be coldest aud where the menob^rp 
of the family are inobt apt to drift 
apart as they grow older* Bui 
where a go»d piano shows its sym 
metrical proportions in the parlor; 
where a vichu case show» itself de- 
mure in a corner, and a mus-ic rack 
Htands sentry near a pile of sh*e 
music; in such a family there t 
most apt to be such a warm ami 
gracious soeial atmosphere thai 
many regard it a privilege to com. 
and feel its influence. The home with 
out music is comparable to sprin>.-: 
time without fh»wer*. In the ruei- 
*>y evolved by the home perionner* 
the cares and little worries thai ar> 
to galling are lost sight of, and pu 
in the back-ground. la their plifu 
there comes a pride in the aceotri 
plishmerit* ot the si*wr or brother 
and s deep interest in the pa-t p!u; 
tog that make* so maay hours pa*- 
.swiftly, because happily. ; Iu yrop.or 
tiou ai this aporeciarion of - musu 
aas b'jei encouraged' and cultivate* 
at hots*, i 

music-loving and mnsie-making 
household are potent and far-reach- 
ing. Tne homo is made so attractive 
to the sons that the temptations of 
the outer world lose half thair pow- 
er. The young musician finds keen 
er pleasure in his evenings at home 
than in any allurements of the saloon 
or club house. The encouragement 
of the Dinne Art at homo is a safe- 
guard worth a hundred eloquent 
sermons and a whole Horary 
of elevating literatu re. The family 
Bible is hardly more pot.e*v *han 
the family piano in starting sons and 
daughters upon the s&fe tra< k 

Viewed from any and every stand- 
point, music at hom9 is son- <;hiog 
worthy of the most constant en- 
couragement at the hand* of hose 
that have charge of the dr -.eatic 
sanetuar c. — Ptitxhuag Bulletin. 

Gems For Ail, 

The Lord's call to the P 
Cusmber means only tha 
work here was not ours to dr - 
AI. Warner. 

Temptation is the lin* of d 
has provided for; but 
sought and covet*' \ God \ 
no provision for. — G. E. IJv» 

The serene, silent beaut) 
ife i? the most powerful 
in th? world, next to the i 
the Spirit of God. — Spurgeon 

The path of duty in thin 
not all gloom or sad nest* or d • 
L ke. the roads of the sou 
hedged with ever bloom 
md white as snow. It i-. on. 
*e turn to the right hand or 
f hat we are lacerated by r 
horns and concealed da 
James D. Kerr. 

The storehouse in whn ; 
qoodnesn is laid uo is found 
■it the point of n^ed. Take 
■«e or two for illustration: 
time of trouble he shall h : 
his pavillion."' It is verv r\ 
we cannot jret his proroi-e * 
ire in joy and BafHv, but **r : 

e are in ppril "When tho 
through ttoe wafers I wil 
'hoe." This goodness is I 

bo midst of the wild wav * 
ict be found in a sunny fi"l 
Se a husband t<"> tbfs wi*V»*« 
father to the f»therU*»»." Th 
ise can never come to the Umi 



: cace 
at of 

-Id is 
it is 
a left 
rs. — 

' vays 
n the 
!i« in 
a we 
n in 
1 can 
I will 
i ad a 
r wife 
.rxn of 

Then she leans on th* Stro.n 
•ter husband; nor to the oftppy chil- 
dren when theveln«5*erabov he li-T- 
T*a U5«-i«»s» U v*» li-^ leviftf tn«W» kaee r 





830 Cumberland Street. 

Has the finest stock of Gold and Silver Watches, Rings, Jewelry, Sil- 
verware, Clocks and Musical Instruments in the city. He also makes 
the adjustment of Spectacles to the eye a specialty. Repairing a sped- 
ally. All goods and work warranted to give satisfaction. Don't forget 
the place, KoMar't JOTWlry Store, 830 Cumberland,^., Lebanon, Fa. 

• mm i b. iwi & m 

mm mmmmm 

Conducted in tho "interest of the U. B. Church in the East. 


PubWhed in Urw.ouj witU <ho spirit, dWipHvf and institutions of the V.% church, but aptthMy devoted to tke publi- 
cation of Eastern church neve* aud enterprises. 

Sunday- School Libraries] RIBLES. LTfYR IPKT^NTTTVf^ 

and Cards, etc. I f I^dM'aRTMENT 

Address Rev. J. L. Grimm, Superintendent, .412 Market Street. Harrisborg, Pa. 



The Beat, Quickest and Safest Remedy 
for Paw of AD Kinds. 

THE Rheumatic Torons Piaster Plaater vriJ) 
cine R^eumaliini. >,mr!<l f ia, Lurnfcajro. 

n^S e, T leUri8 - V ^* tn,Ea ' KLWyMd Lifer 
^w.M t -r r Lu ?K nn<i Throat Aflectioaa. Stitrfaos 
tn Ww Side 8t)ff»PM of theJjnita, Weaknew 
\r?-rS'. n V f « ,l,,Klnd "- A* lor ROWS' RllEU- 

rent lire of p-mtage on receipt of money. AJ- 
«rcea ail letter* o the propriKiora, 



Opposite the Court House Lebanon, Pa 

Lebanon Valley College, 


Lebanon County, Pa- 

— r Yon — 

Dealers in 



- - - FA. 
Partners' atsd Builder*' Hardware, 
P-i9t», Oili, Shovels, B.kea, 
F >rk«, Pumps, Hoes, a *d 
Chaiaa, Baby Carria^a, 
Ktfrmn Wa?e«, tfl 

This institution has full Clansieal, 
Scientific, Academical and Mosieal 
Courses. Tho most approved raothodf 
of instruction are used, and systematic 
and thorough preparation assured. 8pa- 
cial Normal C asses will bo conducted 
during the Spring Terra with the very 
best facilities for the Literary gad Pro 
fceaional training of teaehert. 

Expenses Very Kodersto 

lf«f CatalefMe •«£ t\rtkw bttwsmn- 

Cloths, CassimertJi!, and 

Gent's Furnishing Goods 


P- 8. — la ewuuectioa with tk^ 
Clefek asd Caesimere departmeati, wtr 
hare a flrat el aw artfst tailor. 

J. E. ANDREW*, Manager. B. F. CQTJGEXHOUR, Seeretary. JOHN H. STAUFFER, Treasury 



James 9. Wahden, 

E. S-CnENCvriTH, 


J. ». Braddock, 
J. E. Andkiws, 

Jno. M. Stauffer. 


Capital, 50,000, 
First Mortgage Loans Negotiated, 


Offers to Savings Banks, Insurance Companies, Investors of Trust Funds and Private Investors 


Tnese Loans are secured by FIRST MORTGAGES on Land worth AT LEAST THREE TIM* 

ftMOUBt ef Loan. 

Principal and Interest collected by «ts and remitted to lender free of charges. 

A Pamphlet showing our method of Loaniag in detail will be sent on application. 

For anv information write to B. F. Codgih-mk ta, iecretary, La Crosse, Rush Co., Kansas. 


14th Annual Statement. 

DK-CBMNtE 31. im. 



Fire Insurance Company 



lnswanca oa K«ftl and Perroal Property 
A«ainBt I/>*s Rud DHmajtc 1-y Fire and I-igUt- 
«Tnr, en tb* Mutual Plan, and ut Co#t. 


Surplus »r,T.5.3.-lH 

raia for tieeouui Of Fire Losses U0,?»>.W 

J. K. Laudermilch, j the best is always thechh pes 






WL H. BKCHMEL, r*i«#ident, 

J. W. KIFE, Vice Freeident, 

C. F. RLEULING, Trea»trer, 

B. F. HUNTXIH'JKK, Sac'jr. 

Af«i>t« wanted, w'.ih wfcom liberal arraage- 
— -«M*t« will be nintie, 1-Sm 


AiranLiE, pa., 




We Keep the Largest 8 r .oek in Town, 

Heme Made, FHra«8cl8, and Ingtaiu 
Carp*t*. You can buy cheaper from 
m than away from home. No trouble 
t» laew goods, 1 6ua 

Repairing and Engraving 
Done At Short Notice. 


School and College 

Text Books 

C SMITH, - - - Annvillc. Pa 
Keeps constantly on hand a com- 
plete stock of 
Books, Stationery and Fancy 

Special attention given to Col- 
lege, Text and Students 

of all Lood Or»»a». 

Bay no other 

Catalogue fr« 

We art nl -o Mar uf* eta 

era ana Builder* ol 

Pipe Organ* 


H I 
J. 1 




bt all KU?. 

Write for eetimatas to MILLER OROAX C 
1-ly. Lebanon, Pa. 

JOHN B. RfttiGK i SOI 

Dealers in 













Clock h, Watches and Jewelry 
careiully repaired. Spectacles — 
Gold,Siiver and Steel, any age. 

Cloths, Cassimsrcs, and ,, 

Gent's Furnishing Goc I- 


— mai 

,P. 8. — In connection with tlx of ; 

('loth and CAagimero depart* ?r . * f gra 


have a firf>t dabs artiit tailor. 

50E, IRE a! RIBBU8D :?„ 


OTJE HOTTO:-Bock Bettan lY»c* In 




3 fret 



VOL. I. 


NO. 2 



Ekv B. 8. Lorenz, A. M., President. 
H. Clay Dkaneb. A. M., Professor of Latin . 
Guo. W. Uowman, A. M., Professor of Science 
J. B. Lkhman. A.M, Professor of Mathematics 
Kkv. W.S. EBBP.60I.E. A. M., TrofeSHor of Greek 
Mjss Alice M Evers, B. S. 

Professor of Instrumental Music, 
Miss Alice K. Gingrich, M. A. 

Professor of Vocal Culture. 
Miss F. Adelaide Sheldon, 1 rolessor of Art 

selves that beautv will shine even 
through tattered garments. 


Clionian Society-Mies Aim a K Rked. 
Philokostnian Society— Rev. S. D. Faust. 
Kalozeteau Society— J. T. Sr angler. 

Kkv. M. O. Lank, Financial Agent. 

1 CO A " com,nu,,icatlous or "ems ol news should 
be sent to the President. Subscriptions sho^Jd 
he sent to the Publishing Agent. 
The COLLEGE FOKUM will uesent uionih- 
|u lj' for one year on receipt of twenty. five cents. 
|^ Subscriptions received at any lime. 

For terms of advertising, address the Pub- 
lishing Ag«-nt. 

We call attention to the liberal 
terms offered to subscribers of the 
Forum in connection with the *'Cen 
turj" and ''Scribner's" magazines. 
The monthly visit of either to a home ! 
will bring not only pleasure, but 
great profit. It will develop the 
taste of young people, in literary, aDd 
also in artistic matters andprove an 
educational force of great value. 

view to take of life and its deeper 
meaning. Not how much more 
money and how much more easily 
can my son or my daughter make, 
but how much more of a man, how 
much moie grandly womanly may 
my son or daughter become, is the 
true basis of judgment. Not as a 
means of getting, but of becoming, 
should young people be given an ed- 

Entered at the Post Office at Annville, Pa., as 
secoj! class mail matter. 


The publisher kindly requests of 
all who receive n sample copy of the 
College Forum, to remit twenty-five 
cents in stamps,, and thus insure the 
'monthly visits of Forum. 

The kind words that have been 
i *poken and written about the Col- 
U | lege Fokum, are greatly appreciated 
by us. Our native modesty has, 
f however, suffered no loss, for with the 
toany kind words have come a few 
tljof adverse criticism upon the typo- 
• graphical appearance of the first 
number. If our friends will only be 
patient md support us in our effort, 
Jwe hope to smarten up a bit in suc- 
ceeding issues. There is even a 
promise of an entirely new dress.— 
' l n the meantime we comfort our- 

We congratulate ourselves not in- 
frequently on the high character of 
the great majority of our students. 
Many of them are conscientious al- 
most to a fault; others have so much 
self respect as to shrink from any- 
thing that miglit, in the slightest 
deevee, compromise them; it is the 
few who are restrained simply by the 
fear of penalty. It is a pleasure to 
associate with such a class of young 
people and to be their leaders in in- 
tellectual pursuits. Discipline is 
not the vexation to the spirit it of- 1 
ten is elsewhere, but largely takes 
care of itself. We certainly are j 
proud of the young gentlemen and j 
ladies who make up the students of ! 
Lebanon Valley College. 

There is nothing so impracticable 
as the narrowly practical. To judge 1 
of education as you would of a pair! 
of boots, asking simply how much ! 
wear you can get out of them, or of | 
an investment in mining shares, with J 
an eye only to the financial returns, j 
seeking to combine the minimmn f! 
risk with the maximum of dividend, ' 
is to degrade the greater by meas- 1 
uring it by the standard of the less. ' 
The utilitarian view of education is 
not only a degraded but a degrading 1 

j The authorities of Lebanon Valley 
j College ought to have a profound 
| sympathy or the ancient Jews, 
who were required to make bricks 
without straw, for they themselves 
have been asked to perform a like 
difficult task— to run a college with- 
out money. The management of the 
school in the past has been beverely 
criticised, because a large debt has 
been accumulated. That no mis- 
takes have been made in the past 
were a proposition as difficult to 
maintain as that none will be made 
in the future. But the great, the 
fatal mistake which plunged the col- 
lege so deeply was not made by the 
management. The church made 
that mistake in not furnishing the 
money needed to run a college of th© 
high standard required to satisfy 
our people and to compete t»vorahly 
with the schools of other denomina- 
tions. The church 'culled foi a good 
college, but when it was furnished, 
she simply neglected to pay the t>fH* 
and debt was the result. 

A college is not a business which 
will make money or even pay its way. 
It is a beneficiary enterprise, which 
must look to the generosity of Christ- 
ian people for the greater part of its 
support. It cannot hope to thrive 
on the small income derived from its 

tuition fees- These fees do not pay 
half the expense of running Lebanon 
Valley College. To meet this an 
nual deficit it must look to tin- 
Christian liberality and consecrated 
wealth of the Church. To do its 
work properly, it needs $5000 annu- 
nually in addition to its income from 
tuition fees and other charges. How 
shall this additional annual incomt 
of $5000 bo raised ? 

* * * * * * 
If the cause of Christian educa- 
tion were as near the hearts of our 
people as is the cause of missions, 
we might hope to raise the $5000 
\>y annual collections in the church 
cs We have a trifle less than 40,' 
000 members in the cooperating 
conferences. If they would average 
fifteen cents each for education— cer. 
tamly a small sum— the institution 
would have not only caough to meet 
its running expenses, but to add to 
its facilties, each year what was 
needed to keep step with the march 
of the times. Some of the conferen- 
ces have made a small assessment 
Upon their various charges which is 
greatly appreciated and will aid us 
to a considerable extent, but even if 
those assessments are all full, the) 
will not give complete relief. Per- 
haps when Union Biblical Seminary 
Las funded its endowment and be 
come self supporting, and when the 
General Conference has lifted the 
present assessment in its behalf, the 
assessment in behalf of Lebanon 
Valley College may be raised to fif- 
teen cents per member and the need- 
ed annual subsidy of $5000 may be 
furnished by the conferences. 
'•And yet shew I unto you a more 
excellent way." At best the assess 
■if nt plan is an uncertain method, li- 
able to be affected by failures of crops, 
business stagnation, changes of pop- 
ular feeling and other contingencies. 
The surest and safest income is that 
derived from a well invested endow 
mentfund. The only core for the 
•nancial ailment of our college is an 
tndowment fund of $100,000, not 
■Bly subscribed, but also paid in 
and funded and thereiore product, 
ive. Until this is raised, the linan 
tial management of our college must 
remain unsatisfactory to all con 

It may be a matter of great inter- 
est to many to know that the Execu 
tive Committee have decided to 
raise $100,000 as an endowment fund 

Flans have not yet been fully uia 
ured, but by the time the spring 
conferences are over, the campaign 
will begin. It is proposed to push 
it vigorously. The church here in 
he East has the mouey and we be- 
lieve that if it is thoroughly can 
vassed Comrm ncementDay 1890 will 
*ee the whole sum secured. But be 
the date of its accomplishnent near 
->r remote. Lebanon Valley College 
will only have been really and truly 
rounded when it arrives. 

Socrates — The soul does not then 
entertain death? 

Cebes — It does not. 

Socrates— Is the soul then immor- 

Cebes — Tm mortal. 

Socrates — Be it so. Shall we say 
then. This nas been proven. 

Cebes— Even mo3t thoroughly. 
O. Socrates. 

These words of Socrates, the-j 
wisest of uninspired men were 
spoken on the last day of his life to-i 
ward sunset, when he knew he must, 
drink the poison anil die. 


As tronomical Events for February 


The following conversation be 
tween Socrates and his friend Cebes 
is contained in the fiity fourth and 
fifty fifth chapters of Plato's Phaedo 
t is the culmination of Socrates' 
rguraent with his friend concerning 
he immortality ot the soul. 

Socrates— Answer, tlien, what that 
something is by which, if it is in 
be body, that body will be a living 

Cebes— The soul, he said. 
Socrntes— Does this not, then, al 
ways hold thus? 

l j eDes _ir or how could it be other- 
wise, he said. 

Socrates—Then a soul always com( 
bearing life to that which it takes 
possession of whatever it mey be? 

Cebes—- It comes thus, indeed, lie 

Socrates— But is there anything 
contrary to life or not? 
Cebes— There is, he said. 
Socrates— What? 
Cebes — Deal h . 

Socrates— Will the soul, therefore, 
never at any time entertain that 
wtuch is opposite to the principle 
which it introduced as was agreed 
from former considerations? 
Cebes— Most zealously it will not, 

,'ebes said. 

Socrates— What therefore? What 
now, then, do we call that which 
loes not entertain the nature ef the 

Cebes — The uneven, (odd)he said. 
Socrates— And that which does 
not entertain anything just or musical. 

Cebes— Unmusical, he said, and 

Socrates— Be it so. What shall 
we call that something whieh docs 
not entertain death. 
Cebes— Immortal, (undying) he 



Venus is morning star, rising abou 
two and a half hours before the sun 
Mercury will be evening star abou 
Fetnuan 19th. 

Mars' rises about 11 p. m. and 
near the first magnitude star, Spies 

Jupiter rises about 2 a. m. and i 
in the constellation ot Soorpio. 

Sauirn lies about midway beitveec 
Rpgulus- and Castor and Pollux 

Uranus is about 4 degtees wes| 
and 4 degrees north of Spiea anc 
Neptune about 8 degrees south Jo 

Toe following is about the pmi 
lions of the constellations named be 
tween 7 and 9 p. m : Auriga cornel 
to the meridian with Cape I It a 1 ttl 
north of the y.enith. Orion south 
Auriga, about half way between tl 
zenith and the horizon. South eas 
of Orion is Canis Major with Sinn 
the brightest of the fixed stars. Eas 
of Orion is Canis Minor with Pro 
cy on, its principal star. About 9 
p. m., the stars of the Egyptian X 
are all visible. In the eastern hori- 
zon are Leo, Gemini and Cancer, lu 
the west Taurus. Perseus, Aries, An- 
ilromeda, Cygnus and Lyra. 

Mineral Specimens. 

Mineral specitotns for the mu^eunj 
should be cart fully packed and should 
nave enclosed, the locality aud the 
name of the sender. Parties .sending 
minerals tor examination and nam- 
ing should enclose addressed postal 
lor a reply, or can have answer in tb e 
next number of the Forum. 

The ImproTed Phonograph. 

It is said that the phonograub •» 
so improved that it is likely to com c 
into practical use as a machine fijj 

ioorrespondenco aud that it 
probably supplant the type-wri^ 
and other methods now used for «* 

cilitating business. The following 
•will be the mode of operation: The 
words will be spoken before the dia- 
phragm of the phonograph and the 
vibrations registered on a tin foil, 
which can be sent by mail and placed 
into another phonograph, when the 
words originally spoken will be re 
produced. If the perlected instru- 
ment will accomplish this, it will be 
of the greatest value 

The Eclipse. 

An eclipse of the moou is caused 
by the earth passing between the sun 
and the moon. If the moon's orbit 
coincided with the ecliptic — the path 
of the earth — there would be an 
eclipse every month. As the moon's 
orbit is inclined a little over five de 
grees, eclipses cannot occur monthly 
Whenever the moon is within nine 
degrees of the node, the place where 
it crosses the ecliptic, it passes with 
in the shadow of the earth and there 
is an eclipse. There is a possible 
limit when the moon is between nine 
and twelve degrees from the node. — 
When bejond twelve degrees, it is 
impossible for an eclipse to cccur. 
because the shadow of the earth will 
fall either above or below the moon. 

On the 28th of* last month at 
about twenty three min. pa3t five in 
the evening, there was a total eclipse 
of the moon. The eclipse began 
about half past five and ended a feij 
minutes after seven. Arrangements 
were made, by Prof. Dean r to ubaei v« 
the eclipse rwith his ac r una Lie telc- 
scupe. The obsei vaiioQ>j were made 
by the astronomy class, u&der the 
direction of the ProtVsor, 

On July 22-23 t!nre will be 
anoi.he- total eclipse of the moon, 
and will be visible here. The*e are 
the only eclipses of the moon during 
the 3 ear. 


limited, of course, by the available 
space. General items on the various 
phases of mathematics may appear 
from time to time. 

We solicit contributions to this 
department from oui graduates and 
students; from teachers in the pub- 
lic schools and from all others of a 
mathematical turn of mind, and 
premise, by the co-operation of such, 
to make it just as interesting as any 
department of the Forum, and that 
is promising considerable. 

We earnestly bope to hear from 
our friends. All communications 
should be addressed to tue Professor 
of Mathematics, of Lebanon Valley 
College, Annville, Pa. 


1. A sphere two feet in diameter 
is placed in the corner of a room. 
What is the diameter of the largest 
ball that can be placed behind it and 
the diameter of the largest ball that 
can be let fall behind it? 

2 If I buy my goods eight percent 
less than usual and sell as before, my 
rate per cent of gain will be ten m< re 
than usual, what is my usual gain per 
cent ? 

The above problems are to be 
solved by arithmetic, that is, by what 
is usually giv«a in our text books 
on that subject, though that is more 
algebra and geometry than arith- 

I& luis been suggested that it would 
be interesting to many of our lead 
ers to open, in the Forum, a 
'Mathematical Corner," a depart 
mem for the solution and dijcussioB 
of problems an 1 the free exchange 
Of opinions on matters pertaining to 
mathematical work. 

In accordance with the suggestion 
therefore, we propose to turnish here month to month, such problems 
as may be of general interest and of 
practical value; not puzzling or dif 
llcult and within reach of the speci- 
alist only, but such as may be under 
stood i - the general student, teach- 
ers in the schools and others who 
may find pleasure in such work. — 
Solutions will be published and dis- 
cussed as they may be furnished, 


liev. W. J. Sbuey has recently 
presented a copy of "The Great In 
vasion" by Bro. J. Hoke, to the li- 

Mr. Joseph M. Gingrich who was 
a student in '77 paid us a fiieudh 
visit at the opening of the term. 
Before leaving he said that he ha* 
often regretted t hat he did not com 
plete a course. lie is aow pursuing 
studies privately. He endorsed UK- 
idea and the mission of the Forum. 
ind backed it up with his subscrip- 

Mr. M. F. Rohrer, cousin of Prof. 
Deaner, was elected list month may- 
or of Council Bluffs, Iowa. 

Prof. Bosnian addressed tLe 
Teacher's Institute, of North Ann- 
ville on "Writing." Remarks we»e 
based upon personal experience m 
teaching, and were well received. 

Rev. D. D. DeLong. D. D., ex 
president, of the college has accept- 
ed a call to the Congregational 
church, in Arkansas city, Kansas. 
The work he did in raising the stand- 
ard of the college and in increasing 
the facilities for more thorough 
work, the many sacrifices made, boih 
physically aad financially during the 

eleven years he was president, are 
still fresh in our memories, and we 
most highly appreciate all he did. 
Time can only fully estimate his la- 
bors, and the many who have been 
led to more godly lives. We shall 
ever cherish the most kind feelings 
toward him and Mrs. DeLong. In 
their new relations they have our 
deepest sympathies and best wishes. 
iS'cri in coclum redeant, with many 
sheaves for their hire. 

Misses Evers and Sheldon spent 
Sabbath, Jan. 22, at Humraelstown, 
the guest of Miss Emma Landis. 

On the evening of Jan. 16, Miss 
Saviila Gensamev, Mis. Keiser, and 
Professors Bowman and Chubb of 
Schulykill Seminar} 7 , Friedericks- 
bur^, in company with about fortj 
students visited the college. Our 
students took them through the build- 
ings and entertained them in their 
rooms. All expresssd themselves as 
having a royal time. 

On Thursday evening following 
Misses Evers. Gingrich and Shel- 
don, Mrs. Kecdy and Mrs. My> rs, in 
company with several sled loads of 
.students, returned their visit. Thej 
showed all possible kindness, and did 
all in their power to add to their en- 
joyraent. Our students were favor- 
ably impressed with their excellent 
bu dding and the fac li ties of the Sem- 
inary. The warm reception given by 
Piesident Stein, the professors and 
students, will ever be remembered 
and was highly appreciated. 

Mr. A. C. Rigler, class '70, had 
been very ill with heart trouble. At 
this writing he is much better, and 
it is hoped that he will rapidly con- 

A letter from A. G. Herr, Esq., of 
the class of '78, now residing in 
Caldwell, Kansas, contains many 
kind words for the college and the 
Forum. His kind words aie backed 
by tiie subscription price. He writes, 
'•This is what 1 have long looked' for, 
what our college so much needed. I 
hope it will become so useful that 
L. V. C. and its friends cannot d* 
without- it." 

Mr. Herr is enthusias'tio in bis 
praises of the town in which he 
resides. He is picsparing nicely. 
Who kuows but wh<n his fortune is 
made L. V. C. will be ^jrer. os'y re- 

Prof. W. B. Bodonhorn, superin- 
tendent of the public schools ol Leb- 
anon county, who heads the list of 
our Alumni as a member of the first, 
class, has very kindly consented to 
lecture twice each week before our 
normal students during the spring 

term on practical phases of the pub- 
lic school teacher's work. His emi- 
nent success as a public school man 
and his wide experience as a leader 
and teacher of teachers are ample 
assurance that, his lectures will prove 
a strong feature of our spring nor 
mal. He is very much pleased with 
the consolidation of the Annviile 
normal school with the normal de 
partment of the college. His sym- 
pathies have been thoroughly enlist- 
ed in behalf of his alma mater. 


Through the kindness of President 
E. S. Lorenz, the senior class was 
granted a holiday that they might 
avail themselves of the good sleigh 
ing. At 1 p. m. they started tor 
Middletown where they enjoyed a 
beautiful supper, after which Mr. A. 
L. Etter called and accompanied 
them through the Middletown Pipe 
Works. They then returned higidv 
delighted with their trip. 

Students in Art will supplement 
their regular work this term oy be- 
ginning the study of a short history 
of art. The lives, works and method* 
of famous artists will receive special 
attention. The discussion of sub- 
jects of interest will be continued 
Color — pioving an attractive one — 
will be taken up again, with perspec- 
tive, chiaro-osturo, design, and ex 
pression to follow. 

The most important elements in a 
musical courae are the exercises for 
the development ot the flexibility 
and strength of the fingers. Tnat 
the patience and pluck of the music 
students may not be utterly exhaust 
tu by the drudgery they represent 
classical and popular pieces are add- 
ed. A list of those now being 
studied by our pupils may be of 
interest : 

fj« vn S Norwegian Wedding Party Passing 
° 1,iE0 » \ On the Monntfciui. 'By. 

i -ocnta 21, Op. S3. 
Bekthotbk, < >onata in. Op. 26. 

(.i-onaia 1, Op. 2. 

< Borxio Brilliant. 
Wijeb, <luvitatiou a la Danee. 

(Pol* co Briliantc, 

i Mazurka, ") 
Chopin, jWaitsoa, > Op. 81. 

(scherzo, J 
fioTTsr n it v J Marche do Nuit. 

S. J. Guy,— Gomiel-Lied. 

O. D, Wilsson — Wayiide Chapal. 

The music department of Lebanon 
Valley College is increasing both in 
numbers and interest. The opening 
of the winter term has brought Dack 
most ot the old students with new 
zeal and interest m their work. A 
number of new pupils have also en 
tered the department. The atten 
dance is very satisfactory ; tue only 
cause for r»gret is that ttiereare not 
pianos enough to accommodate ttie 
pupils with practice periods. The 
students expect to have several even- 

ings with the artists during the win- 
ter and spring terms. As classical 
music i9 not appreciated because net 
understood, it is thought an im- 
provement on former concerts to 
have the music accompanied by ex 
planations; in this way the pupil? 
and public would derive greater en- 
joyment from the performance. The 
•emi-monthly recitals, both private 
and public, are to continue as last 
term. These recitals are not given 
so much for entertainment as for the 
drill of the students in playing pub- 
licly and as far as possible to over- 
come the timidity and nervousness 
with which almost fvery one is 

The arrangement inaugurated at 
the opening of the winter term, rela 
tive to the issuing of cards with the 
studies that each student projoses 
to take and then on th« payment of 
the tuition for the time, being coun- 
tersigned by the Agent before 
stadents are enrolled in classes, has 
worked well and gives entire satis- 
faction to the authorities. The 
strictly business basis upon which 
the agent is acting meets tie ap 
proval of all, and they hail it as a 
new era in the college and as a real 
necessity, without which no college 
can gain and keep the confidence of 
its friends. 

President Lorenz's lecture, Jami 
ary 13th, before the Teachers' Luoal 
Institute of North Annville, on 
' What is Education?" teemed with 
tic'-i thought and good wholesome 
advice. The teachers, patrons, and 
friends were delighted and speak of 
t in the most complimentary man- 
ner. The President by his visiting 
the schools and the general interest, 
taken in public school work has won 
the confidence and esteem of the 
teachers throughout the county. 

Rev. Lowe and a Miss Smith, of 
Lebanon, January 19th, requested 
Prof. Deaner by telephone to permil 
them to use his achromatic telescope 
to examine the spo'.s of the sun. 
The Professor very kindly granted 
their request. There were threr 
spots visible and the nucleus ami 
penumbra were clearly s*en. Thfev 
were especially pleased with the 
hud's photosphere. Before leaving 
they arranged with the Ptofessor to 
examine tne planets in the near 

Sabbath morning Jan. 22nd, Rev. 
J. Allen Lvter, class '85, was mar- 
ried to Miss Maggie Bowman, of 
Fiaherville. The ceremony was per 
formed at the home of the bride's 
parents in the presence of a few 
friends, by Prof. Ebersole. While 
?hey have the best wishes of their 
many friends, we would especially 

wish them much holiness, because 
possessing holiness, they will be sure 
to be happy. Being thus wedded in 
time they are wedded for heaven. 

Prof. Ebersole has introduced a 
system ot twenty exereises in the 
Elocution class, beginning with con- 
versation, and including voice prac- 
tice, gesture, articulation, stress, 
pitch, tremor, eraphasi*, force, and 
rate of movement. 

Wednesday, Jan. 11th, while Mr. 
Frank Mullin and Miss Bertha. 
Zahniser were driving across the 
railroad near Grcensburg, the buggy 
was struck by the Yougho£ieny 
express and they were fatally injur- 
ed. They were very ranch mangled 
and remained unconscious till they 
died. Miss Zahniser died on Sun- 
day following and Mr. Mudin on 
Monday. Mr. Mullin attended col- 
lege in '83 and was a student. 61 
maiked ability. He was held in the 
highest esteem by the faculty and 
students. The following resolution 
was unanimously passed by the 
society of which he was a member: 

"To the family of our brother, Mr. 
Frank Mullin. Dear ^riends:— in 
recognition of your very deep afflic- 
tion and sore bereavement, we, the 
Kalozetean Literary Soeiety of Leba- 
non Valley College, extend to you 
our tendercst sympathies and invoke 
upon you all, father, mother, broth- 
ers and sister, God's choicest bless- 
ings and the consolation vouchsafed 
in the Gospel. We realize how 
heavily the affliction falls upon yuu, 
yet the Society too feels thai it has 
tost one of its best members. May 
you resign your will to God's will, 
in this sad and dark hour, and may 
His divine love comiort, strengthen 
and keeoyou all until you shall join, 
as an unbroken family, in the king- 
dom of everlasting blessedness. — 
Kalozetean Literary Society Hall, 
January 20, 1888." 

The musical recital was quite a 
success and largely attended by the 
pupils of the department. Recitals 
will be given regularly every two 

The first of the weekly talks given 
by the Faculty for this term was 
given by Professo.- Ebersole on Con- 
versation. The Professor said that 
talk and gossip were not conversa- 
tion, but only that which instructs 
and mutually benefits him who hears 
and who converses. To converse 
well is a duty, cultivated by reading 
good books, associating with superi- 
ors, and by frequent mingling in so- 
ciety. Men are judged by their 
conversation; avoid undue familiar- 
ity, demonstration and anger. His 
remarks throughout were very per- 
tinent and full ot spice. 






































I in 

i a 




VI r. 


1 li- 

















Friends who drop in to visit us from 
time to time are not alow to express 
their pleasure over the improved ap 
pearance of the college buildings due to 
a generous and tasteful application of 
paint. The buildings seem to have 
found in the painter's bucket the foun 
tain of youth and their apparent age 
has been reduced at least ten year*. 
This bit of improvement is wholy due to 
the individual enterprise of the two 
members of the Executive committee, 
M«s8rs. H. H. Kreider and Isaac B. 
Haak, who made themselves responsible 
for the whole expense which amounted 
to over five huudred dollars. Their 
effort eertainly deserves the grateful 
recognition of the friends of the eol 
lege Who will do as much for the in- 
terior of the buildings ? 

For a number of years a Normal 
School, originally organized by one of 
our enterprising and talented alumini, 
Prof. S. Oliver Goho, has been con- 
ducted in Anuville. Prof. J. H. Snoke 
has had charge of it in recent years and 
it has had from first to last no little 
success. While not intended as a com- 
petitor of the college nor in any &nttg- 
onism it has been felt that a co-opera- 
tion might be mutually pleasant and 
profitable. Prof. Snoke has consented 
to consolidate his school with the Nor- 
mal Department of the College and ha» 
been engaged as the leading instructor 
in that phase of the work during the 
term. We believe that the engagemeu, 
of this very successful and efficient 
teacher of teachers, with other arrange- 
ments now making of which detailed 
notice will he given in our next, will 
give us the largest number of stud -nth 
during the Spring term the college hai> 
ever known iu its history. 

Considerable life clusters about 
the library. The yery general pat- 
ronage of the students as a strong 
pulse beat, evidences their mental 
good health. The Library com m it- 
lee, too, hat been this year more thao 
usually active in aiming to inspire 
and gratify a good literary taste. At 
the beginning of the year the carpet, 
floor, windows and wood work were 
treated to a thorough cleansing, r nd 
two new book cases were added. — 
Then there were about 2400 volume* 
ou our shelves; now. more than 2500. 
-This inciease has come both through 
Purchase and donation. Through 
purchase has been added, not in 
eluding new volumes ot periodical 
8' J t6, a complete set of Appleton'b 
American Cyclopedia, Lord Lytton'h 
works, set of American men of let 
ters whose object it is to issue a com- 
P'ete classified, printed catalogue.— 
One, then, may learu very soon from 
tne catalogue whether or not a book 
°J a given title is to be found on our 

We are soon to haye the light un- 
der control by new window curtains, 
and access to the shelves made easy 
by a new ladder. The room is to be 
made as comfortable and inviting as 
possible to encourage students to 
give a little tin.e each day to the 
society of books, as far as com- 
plete, American Statesmen completed 
to date, also a work on modern art, 
some poetry and some volumes of 

We are glad to acknowledge the 
receipt of 25 or 30 vol'imes of valua- 
ble religious and historical literature 
from Dr J. Guynne Jones, of Lon- 
don, England. This gift is highly 
appreciated by all who are interested 
in the college. Dr. Jones has done 
a thing worthy of imitation by our 
American friends. Many have read 
and put aside books that woule be of 
value to us. Donations to the li- 
brary are aiwavs in order. 

Our books have been undergoing 
a thorough overhauling and rear- 
rangment at the hands of the com- 


Clionian Society. 

The young ladies all report a pita* 
aat titnti during vacation* They were 
•/lad to show the College Forum to 
their friends, many of whom encouraged 
fhem not only with words but with sub 
♦criptions, feeling it a privilege to lean* 
more of the college. We were happy 
to welcome not only nil our members 
of last term but also Miss Mary Eris- 
mao, who has returned and will enter 
ths junior class in music. 

Miss Josephine Kreider spent her 
vacation visitiug friends in Philadelphia 

Miss Annie Kutz spent a few dayf 
during vacuum with Miss Nettie 
Swartz in New Oxford. 

Miss Hattie Maiy visited friends in 
Harrisbnrg and Wormleysburg during 

Miss Ella Mowt-r, of Mowersville, 
called on the Misses Roed who showed 
her the places of Interest after which 
she took supper with them at the hall. 

Miss Lillie Mark of the cla$s of '87 
and Miss Emma Sneath are spending 
the winter iu Camb. idgeport, Mass., at 
the home of Rev. I. >V. Soeath. 

The ladies at the 1 [all have been en 
joying the sleighing ihrongh the kind 
ness of Mr. Cornelius Smith. They 
appreciated it very highly. 

Miss Sue Groff t-pent a fow day? 
visiting her many frirnds at Lebanon 
Valley College on her way to Philadel- 
phia where she expects to spend the 

Kalozetean Literary Society. 
All report a very pleasant vacation. 

The membership of last term, 1* 
again represented this term with the 
exception of Mr. Dawson. 

We have decided to vary our pro- 
gram from evening to evening dur- 
ing this term. Its effect for the bet- 
ter has already been noticed. 

The quotations from Whittier on 
the night of Jan. 20, were pleasing 
and instructive and the queries were 
of an interesting character, since 
some of them called out somewhat 
'•f discussion. The question for de- 
bate for the evening was "Resolved 
that the brewers in the states, which 
have passed prohibitory laws, sluuld 
be compensated for their property." 

W. D. Shupe of the class of '87 
paid the society a visit on Jan. 13. 
We were pleased to have our genial 
and entertaining friend with us 
again. The day following Mr. Shupe 
imparted for New Haven. Tit* is a 
member of the junior class in the 
Yale law school. 

We heard this evening, Jan. 21,. 
of a good meeting held by H, T. 
Denlinger of the class of. '87, at- 
Camden, N. J. Mr. Denlinger has 
not yet given up the desire of going 
to a foreign field, as a mi**i*»uary. 
His address is 701 Florence street, 
Camden, N. J. 

Rev. U. S. G. Renn, who left us 
last term to enter the ministry, we 
are pleased to learn is meeting with 
good success. Several good meetings 
are reporied from his charge, fie is 
laboring in Lancaster county, Pa. 

Mr. J. Allen Lyter of the class of 
'85 was married Jan. 22 Prof. 
Kbersole performed the ceremony. 
The Prof, is now, of the gentlemen 
of the class, the only one who is un- 
married, and he says he is beginning 
to feel somewhat lonesome. 

Ex-members of K. L. S. let us 
hear from you ; so that we cen report 
your whereabouts to those who ar* 
desirious of knowing. 

PMlokosmian Society. 

Eesse Quam Pideri. 

The P. L. S. is well repieseat'id in 
the Law and Order Society. 

Messrs. R. S. Harp and J. L. Keedy 
haard "Acre* of Diamonds." 

One of our Seniors knows bow tc* 
lake a graceful ride down the college 
s'.eps on an icy morning. 

Mr. A L. Shannon delived a dis- 
course to a pleased audience at Atnity 
ville on the evening of the 15th iaat. 

The members of the P. L. S. notice 
with pleasure the indications of inyreas 
ing firmness on the pnrtof the author* 
ties iu disciplinary and other matters. 

Rav. W. O. FrieB, principal of the 

xVormul and Classical Acad« my, Back 
itanoo, W. Va., writes words of ehcer 
and good wishes. Ha says "although 
J may change politics yet I will always 
remain a Philo." 

Mr. A. A. Long received, at I he 
:ads of Pro ". Bowman, an old fashion- 
1 dressing down with a cut — skin. 
Che gentleman manifested electricity. 
.Joes iliat account for his ability to at- 
tract ? 

The Winter term opens with pros- 
pers for »successful society work Sev 
oral additions to the membership are 
reported and p progressive spirit is 
shown ia every department of the 
»ocietv. The dtetary work, espeei 
ally is noticeably improved. 

Our seniors. Messrs. A. H. Gor- 
bnch, W. M. Hain, and J. K Wag- 
nw, took their class sisters sleigh 
riding. They visited Middletowa 
and studied the process by which 
•teel pipes are made. It is ex- 
pected that n^w proeesser- will 
be described in an early number of 
the Scientific American.. 

Toe society feels that its reading 
room mi^ht be made the means o< 
mut-h greater usefulness. Although 
well supplied with perio licals its 
pair mage is not, what it ought to be 
The fee tor membership is low — too 
l.»w to meet necessary expenses. In 
view of tiie nominal feect ar^ed for 
adoi'aeiou to the room, theie is not 
a singli student in the institution 
who can afford to deny himself of 
the best current literature, always to 
be f<> md upon its tablee. Not only 
should every student use the advan 
Urges offered by the reading room, 
ruit the citizens, also., not too tar dis 
tan i irotn the buUriing might there 
find profitable ent« rtainment. 

Edward S. Joynes, M. A., of South 
Carolina College, and published by 
D. C. Heath & Co., Boston, Mass. 

The Germans have a fashion of 
taking a work that has almost run 
its coirse and working it over to 
adapt it to present needs of 
which Prof. Joynes has availed him 
self. Meissner's Grammar has been 
exceedingly popular in England, but 
that would not insure its adaptation 
to the wants of American schools and 
colleges. Prof. Joynes' "Bearbeit 
ing," as the Germans would say, has 
remedied this difficulty and this text 
book well deserves a careful exam 
ination on the part of German 
teacners as it is the peer of any book 
ia the market as far as we have 
been able to examine and judge the 
accepted text books. 

Scribners Magazine leaded into a 
large popularity immediately upon 
its appearance. It has only added 
to its acceptability during the last 
year and now 125,000 copies are sent 
out every month. The issues lor 
January and February are before 
us. The scientific papers on "The 
Great Pyramid" and "Volcanoes" 
are very valuable and interesting. 
Literature and art are well represent- 
ed in "A New Light on Baizac,'" 
"Japanese Art," "The Mau at 
Arms," etc. Entertaining fiction is 
sufficiently supplied to make an ex 
cellent anu vaiied bill of fare. 

The Forum, whose namesake we 
are, is upon our table. It is one ol 
the strongest periodicals in the land 
It is limited to scientiQc, ..olitical. 
and scholarly papers, touching upon 
the deeper probbms which agitatt 
the world of thought to-day. to thi 
reader who relishes solid reading tht 
'•t'oi'um" will be very acceptable. 

reports, soma even from the (iovertiot 
General of Siberia addressed to the Tea 
A special artist accompanied Mr. Kennai 
and obtained many sketches and photij 
graphs, to be used in illustrating the serfi 
adequately and truthfully. Mr. Ken 
nan's papers are now prohibited in Russians' 

Fiction, during the year, will occupy) 
prominent place in The Century. Thet 
will be novels and noveletts by Dr. EggW 
ton, Geo. W. Cable and Frank R. Stool 
ton, together with short stories by autha: 
always welcome. To a large extent th 
fiction will be illustrated. • . 

Other features will include illustrate.*© 
papers, essays in sriticis u, art. biographj *=>• 
General W. T. Sherman contributes a con , 
prehensive paper on "The Grand Htrateg 
of the War." Papers on Wild Westej 
Life byTheo. Foosevelt will be given; at 
articles touching on the field of the Lite 
national Sunday-School Lessons; etc. JT 



The Leading Facts of English His 
tory in- O H. Montgomery, publish 
e>\ ky Giun % Guu, t Bpstoifc, Mass.. 

Inj'idging of a ^ext book it is 
quite as important to view it from 
tlie stand point o ' vh pupil's desk a- 
irom'lhat of the pedagogic chair. 
The-ftbove text Look of English his 
tory will ceriainly approve itself to 
botli*f>urties concerned. While tm 
style is necessarily condensed and 
succinct, it is less labored and heavy 
th '?\ thatot usual books of its class 
ami ia often lightened up with anec- 
dotes an I quotations of an interesting 
emu -actor. The public school teacher 
who is look'u.g about for a new aDd 
improved text book in this import- 
ant branch should by all means ex 
amine t his. 

A German Grammar for Sehools 
and Cdttgei ba-,cd on The Public 
.Soltool Grammar of Meissner, by 

We are pleased to announce Vhs ji 
we have made clubbing arrangilbi 
ments with some of the best magi -j 
zines in the country. Up flat al 
the list is as follows: 

Century, $4, with Col. Forum, 35c, $3.1 
Scribner's, $3, " " <k " $2.| 
Forum, $5.00, ♦« " " " $4 J 
Friends who have already eu 
scribed to the College Forem ma 
secure the above magazines by sen 
ing U3 15 ceuts less than the aboi 
named prices. Trie subscription 
should be sent to us, not to the pu 
lishers of the above periodica 
Gash must mvai iably accompany 
subscription. Address, Rev. M 
Lane. Annvil'.e, Pa. 



The Century Magazine. 

With the issue for November, 1887, the 
Ce^tu* v began its thirty-fiita volume with 
a regular circulation of very nearly 250, 
00. Ttic War Papers and the Life of 
Lincoln had increased its monthly edition 
by 100.000. 

The latter history has reviewed the first 
period of Lincoln's life,— that preceding 
his election to the presidency; and with 
the November issue Messrs. Nicolay antl 
ilay entered upon the more important, era, 
— one in which they were themselves close- 
ly associated with the President. Under 
the caption "Lincoln in the War," t'ae his- 
tory will become yet more widely read, and 
its value more fully appreciated, if 
possible, than the past year. 

Of the greatest interest is the series of 
papers by George Kennan, on Siberia, 
which began with the November number. 
The series is the work of one who. before 
unde: taking it, was intimate with Russian 
customs and peoples. Thoroughly equip- 
ped for the work, he undertook his long 
journey of 15,000 miles necessary to visit 
nearly all the Siberian prions and mines. 
Here he became acquainted with 800 ex- 
riles, secured many documents and secret 

9 ii^aaa? 




Collecting AgpB3p 

Office— 124 North Eighth 

Col lections prom illy made, 
transfers of Real Estate oi.U:cted|l& 

the best terms. 

-jo IL jWIMi 

S. W. Cor. 8th and Willow £1 j 
All Companies First C| 


>ruo t 

ceri e 

it th 


. cott 




830 Cumberland Street. 

ijlas the finest stock of Gold and Silver Watches, Rings, Jewelry, Sil- 
"Ivenvarc, Clocks and Musical Instruments in the city. He also makes 
4' the adjustment of Spectacles to the eye a specialty. Repairing a speci- 
"lalty. All goods and work warranted to give satisfaction. Don't forget 

the place, Kohfor's Jewelry Store, 830 Cumberland St., Lebanon, Pa. 



' 1.5 


seni ^.r- . 
i cal 




i mm 

Conducted in the interest of the U. B. Church in the East. 


Pubbshe.l id harmony with the spirit, discipline and institutions of the U. B. church, but specially devoted t< 


cation of Eastern church news and enterprises. 

Sunday-School Li hi -ar i es 
and Cards, etc. 

Address Rev. J. li. Grimm, Superintendent, 





.412 Market Street. Ha ris Pa 



The Beat, Quickest and Safest Remedy 
for Pain of All Kinds. 

THE Rheumatic Porous Plaster Plaster will 
cure Kheumatii-m. Neuralgia, Lumbago. 
Backache, Pleurisy , Asthma, Kidney and Liver 
Disorders. Lung and Turoat Affections. Stitches 
in the Side, Stiffness of the Joint*. Weakness 
and Pain <>f all Kinds. Ask for KOSS' RHEU- 
MA1 1C POROUS PLASTER. Price 25 ct». 
Bent free of postage, on receipt of money. Ad- 
drees all letters 10 the proprietors, 



typosite the Court House Lebanon, Pa 


: t 

•I 'i 



AJSWriLE, - - - JPA. 

Farmers' and Builders' Hardware, 
Paints, Oils, Shovels, Rakes, 
Forks, Pumps, Hoes, and 
Chains, Btby Carriages, 
Express Wagons, all 
Kinds of Lamp6. 



Lebanon Valley College, 


Lebanon County, Pa- 

— for — 

This institution In* full Classical, 
Scientific, Academical and Musical 
Courses. The most approved methods 
of instruction are used, and systematic 
and thorough preparation assured. Spe- 
cial Normal Classes wi.l be conducted 
daring the Spring Term with the very 
best facilities for the Lit. rary and Pro 
fbwional training of teach, rs. 

Expenses Very Moderate 

For Catalogues and further informa- 
tion address 

Rsv. E. S. Lorenz, A. M , B. D., 


Printing & Publishing 

18, 20 and 22, S. Third Street, 

Book and Job Printing, 



— AND — 

Blank Book Manufacturing, 



Foreign and Domestic 



814 Cumberland St, 
2 ly Lebanon, Pa 



U. K. Coi GKNuoiru. 
J *. Bkaodock, 
j. e. * ndbbwb, 

Jno. iNi . stackkkk . 

Capital, 50,000, 
First Mortgage Loans Negotiated, 


Offers to Savings Bank?, Insurance Companies, Investors of Trust Funds and Private Investors 



amounTof Wn "* ^ M0RTGAGES °» Land worth AT LEAST THREE TIMES 

Princ ipal and interest collected by us and remitted to lender free of charges. 
A Pamphlet showing our method of Loaning in detail will be sent on application. 
For a/jy -information write to B. F. Coughenhour, Secretary, La Crosse, Rush Co.. Kansas. 

1 Gmo 

14th Annual Statement. 

DECEMBER 31, 1886. 



Fire Insurance Company 



Insurance on Real and Personal Proporty 
Axiinst Loss and Damage by Fire and Llght- 
Bfog, on tiie Mutual Plan, and at Actual Co^t. 

Groea Assets, $624,992.98 

•urnlus B9T,548.48 

Paid for account of Fire Losses 110,720.56 


H. H. BiECIlMKL, President. 

J. W. RIFE, V>ce President, 

«Jfc F. RKEUL1NG, Treastrer, 

B. F. UNTZINGER, Sec'y. 

Agents wanlM. with whom liberal arrange- 
msnts will Lc made, l-3m 





r RATS. 

We Keep the Largest Stock in Town. 

Home Made Brussels, and Ingrain 
Carpets; You can buy cheaper from 
«s than away from home. No trouble 
■to show good*. 1 6m % 

J. K. Laudermilch, 





Repairing and Engraving 
Done At Short Notice. 


School and College 

Text Books 

C SMITH, - - - Annville, Pa. 

Keeps constantly on hand a com- 
plete stock of 
Books, Stationery and Fancy 

Special attention given to Col* 
lege, Text and Students 




Is the Finest, and Real 
of all Good Oreai-s. ] 

Ruy no other. 

Catalogue free. 

We are also Manufactur- 
ers and Builders of 

Pipe Organs 

of all 8ze*. 

Write for estimates to MILLER ORGAN CO., 
1-ly. Lebanon, Pa. 


Dealers in 



Cloths, Cassimeres, and 

Gent's Furnishing Goods 



g0F "Clocks, Watches and Jewelry 
carefully repaired. Spectacles — 
Gold, Silver and Steel, fitted to any age. 

P. S. — In connection with the 
Cloth and Cassimere department, we 
hare a first class artist tailor. 


OUR MOTTO:— Rock Bottom Prices. 





VOL. I. 

ANNV1LLE, PA., MARCH, 1838. 

NO. 3 




:ti>s. , 

; free, i 

actur* ' 
s of 


r co., 




, we 




Rbv K. S. Loreisz, A. M M President. 

JI. Clay Dkaner. A. M., Professor of Latin . 

Obo. W. Bowman, A. M., Profes-or of Science 

J. K. Pkhman. A.M, Professor of Mathematics 

Kkv. W. S. Ebkrbole. A. M., Professor of Greek 

Miss Alice M. Evers, P. S. 

Professor of Instrumental Music, 

Miss Alice K. Gingrich, M. A. 

J'roiessor ol Vocal Culture. 

Miss F. Adelaide Sheldon, Professor CI Art 

Clionian Society -Mies Anna K. Keep. 
Philokoauiian society— Ubv. S. L). Faust. 
Ealozetean Society — J. T. Stangler 

tion with the lists for which we have j 
been asking. Says this brother : "I 
was glad to learn through the Itiner- 
ant that the elders of the different 
conferences are pushing Lebanon Val- 
ley College. That is a step in the 
right direction. Let first the presid- 
ing Elders, then the itinerants, then 
the lay-members take hold, and the 
stone will soon begin to roll." That 
is the right doctrine ! Can we carry 
it out? 


IIev. M. O. I ank, Financial Agent 

All communications or items of news should 
be sent to the President. Subscriptions shoj.lel 
he sent to the Publishing Agent. 

TheOOLLKGE FORUM will be sent moni li- 
ly for one year on receipt of twenty- live cents. 
Subscriptions letelveel at any time. 

For terms of advertising, address the Pub- 
lishing Age lit. 

Entered at t lie Tost Office at Animlle, Pa., as 
fcccoa_ class mail matter. 


"The Educational Quarterly" organ 
of the' "Shenandoah Institute," Day- 
ton, Va., is upon our table. It is an 
able little magazine that does great 
credit to our Virginia brethren and 
the school they are so successfully 
conducting. The editors, Rev. J. N. 
Fres and Rev. G. P. Hott, were form- 
erly students in Lebanon Valley Col- 
lege, and it claims a little credit for 
the culture which every page of the 
" Quartet ly" manifests. We wish suc- 
cess not only to the magazine but to 
the "Institute" in whose interests it 
is published. 

In this connection it may not be out' 
of order to quote from a letter from' 
one of our brethren, sent in connec- ' 

The meeting of the presiding 1 Elders 
| during the last month has proved a 
very inspiring and. encouraging event 
in the history of the College. Their 
deliberations were characterized by a 
deep interest in the affairs of the in- 
stitution and an earnestness that 
are promising for the future. The 
minutes of the meeting as published' 
in another column, will show the 
practical character of the topics dis- 
cussed. If the conference will take 
hold of the suggestions of their elders 
in the same earnest spirit which en- 
volved them,, the ball will be set a 

Lebanon Valley College makes no 
apology for providing teachers in the 
public schools facilities for improving 
in their work. General culture is) 
very desirable, but a little specific^ 
practical culture is not only compati- 
ble with it, but gives it the surest 
and worthiest opportunity for mani- 
festing iteslf. Education for its own 
sake is a worthy ambition and inspir- 
ation; but education for the sake of 
ends tj be reached is worthier still. 
The former may be the quintessence 
of selfishness; the latter seeks the wel- 
fare of others. 


The distances of of stars are found 
by parallax. The observations are 
taken at intervals of six mouths, thus 
using as a base line the diameter of 
the earth's orbit or 183,000,000 of 
miles. With this immensely large 
base even the parallax is so small 
that only the most acccurate instru- 
ments can detect it. The parallax of 
only a few stars has been found. That 
of a Centauri 0.919 shows it to be 20,- 
490,000,000 miles from the earth. 
This is supposed to be the nearest 
fixed star to the earth and the aver? 
age distance of stars of the tint mag- 
nitude is probably three or four times 
the above distance. 

a;,tf.oxomioal lventc fob m/xch. 

Mercury will be in inferior conjunc- 
tion with the sun on March 3rd and 
will be seen west of the about the 
middle of the month and on the 27th 
will be in conjunction with Venus. 

Vein s rises at the beginning of the 
month about two hours before the 
sun, which it is gradually approach- 

Mars rises about 10 p. m., and is 
near the star Antares in Scorpio. 

Saturn is in Cancer and comes to 
the meridian about 10 p. m. 

Uranus is in Virgo and Nepture G 
degrees south of Pleiades. 

-visible constellations. 

East of horizon at 10 p. m., Cancer, 
Leo, Virgo; Wtsb, Canis Minor and 
Major, Gemini, Taurus, Aries Pisc es 
and Orion; North East, Ursa Major,. 
Bootes, Ursa Minor and Draco; North 
West, Auriga, Cassiopeia, Perseus and 


Put a lighted candle behind a 
round quart bottle, having a polished 
surface, place yourself about twelve 
inches from the bottle so that it hides 
the flame of the candle from you and 
blow. The flame will be easily extin- 
guished, in consequence of the cur- 
rents of air that you have created 
around the object by yotir breath. 


With a board or sheet of card-board 
of the width of the bottle, extinction 
would be impossible. 

Take two bottles instead of one, 
place them about half an inch apart, 
and place the candle opposite tins 
space and from the same distance, 
blow strongly against, the flams. The 
flams instead of being extinguished 
will incline slightly toward yon, as if 
through suction. This is due to the 
fact, that, as a portion of the air can- 
not pass between the bottles, it flows 
around their exterior, and returns to 
the operator. 


The progress of photography has 
been accelerated by the manufacture 
of dry plates and other appliances 
that have very materially simplified 
the processes, and placed them in the 
reach of all. 

The light, compact, and withal very 
emcient outfits, that are manufactured 
now, offer themselves as delightful 
companions in our walks and rides, 
as faithful carterers who will gather 
for us all the beautiful nooks and 
choice bits of scenery, which we visit 
in our rambles at home or abroad, 
and treasure them up for our delight 
when our turn is over. To the tour- 
ist who travels, with camera nature is 
continually infolding her treasures. 
The scientific investigator finds in 
every department of his work, thus, 
the means of verifying his discoveries 
beyond cavil. The engineer, drafts- 
man, architect, machinist and detec- 
tive find in the camera a helpful, rap- 
id and positive solution to many in- 
tricate questions and difficult opera- 
tions connected with their work. The 
student in his summer vacation gath- 
ers material for many a pleasant whi- 
ter evening and perpetuates most viv- 
idly the memoirs of his student life, 
and student companions for future 
years. In many of our colleges stu- 
dents are forming photographic clubs 
for the comparison of their efforts as 
well as processes of work and thus 
very excellent results are obtained, 
based on the experience many trials 
lK)th successful and unsuccessful. 
The facility with which lantern slides 
are made from negatives adds a charm 
to this work. 


No. 1, (Feb. No.), has n Bt 
solved, we give another trial. 
No. 2.— Let 

10% of 92% 

8 % of cost 

1% of cost 
100% of cost 
115 °6 -100% 

1 >een 

usual costj 
supposed cost, 

0.2% of gain, 
1.15 % of gain, 
115",, of gain, 
15% usual gain. 

Jxo. Owen. 


No. 3.— What number multiplied 
by three-sevenths of itself is equal to 
1029 ? 

No. 1. — A man wants to put out 
$5000, at compound interest, at G%, 
so that his two sons aged 10 and 14 
years, shall eave equal sums when 
thev become of age. How shall he 
divide the $5000 I 

No. 5. — AYhat is the smallest in- 
tegral multiplier that will make 3528 
a perfect cube ( 

[All to be solved by arithmetic."] 


President Lorenz has recently pre- 
sented copies of his two books, " /V 
Gospel Worker's Treasury" and " Tli>- 
Gomhiy Jlemv-tl" to the college li- 

Lev. I. W. Sncath, of Cambridge- 
port, Mass., on his way to Conference 
paid us a friendly visit. He still has 
a warm feeling for the College. He 
presented a copy of "Collar's German 
Lessons'' to the Library. 

The College Class has elected the 
following officers for the ensuing 
year: Leader, Mr. A. L. Shannon, 
Steward, P.iof. Deaner, and Deacons, 
Messrs. Schlosser, Enck, Evers, Shoe- 
maker, Kleff'man and Miller. 

On the 23rd of last month. Miss 
Georgia Bittinger, of Hanover, a for- 
mer student of the College, was mar- 
ried to Mr. Tempeth J. Little. Ser- 
vices at St. Mark's Church. Recep- 
tion at Hotel Barker. 



The weekly Chapel Talks of the 
past month have followed each other 
uninterruptedly. First, on the day 
before the recent total eclipse of the 
moon, Prof. Deaner discussed "Eclip- 
ses" in general. The Professor eluc- 
idated his remarks by his accurate 
Quite an interest has been mani- j diagram of the positions and color of 

fested in the "Mathematical Corner." 
We would like to see more. Let us 
hear from you, friends. Send prob- 
lems: and send solutions to those; pub- 
lished. "We want no puzzles nor 
cat *h problems. 

No. 3 in this issue comes from, a 
teacher in Ohio. 
No. 1 from one in Lebanon Co., Pa. 

chemical discussion of "Limestone" 
making a chemical analysis of a speci- 
men before the students. Prof. Leh- 
man closed the month with a setting 
forth of "The Eolations between Stu- 
dents and Teachers,;' making the 
teacher a bosom friend rather than 
a cruel taskmaster, the student v- de- 
voted disciple rather than a tricky 

Eev. David Tatam, the Quaker 
Evangalist, of Cleveland, Ohio, lec- 
tured in the chapel, Feb. 13, on "Cap- 
ital, Labor and Drink." It was an 
earnest appeal for . the poor men to 
have a purpose in life, to be virtuous, 
temperate and to use their powers in 
making mankind better. He said 
that less than fifteen per cent of the 
young men between fifteen and twen- 
ty-five attend church, and less than 
five per cent, .are christians. It was 
a logical discussion of the great issues 
and won the admiration of all present. 

Misses Sheldon, Evers and Ging- 
rich gave a "High Tea" to the Fad 
ulty, Feb. 11, a it troisieme of the La- 
dies' Hall. They most royally enter- 
tained their guests. The fite>arj/ *am 
ad was a most enjoyable feature of the 
evening and called forth repeated 
peals of laughter. The visit of the 
angels, although wingless, was a 
pleasant innovation. The ladies have 
again proven that "when women will 
they will." 

Friday afternoon, Fob. 17, a public 
recital was given by the musical de- 
partment. The following pi-ogramme 
was given: 

Blojrraphy of Beethoven Miss Mary Krisninn 
9tli Sonata Beethoven 

Miss Sidnev Mover 
Heart's ltai>tu re Kolling 

Miss ilaltic Lane 
Voc tl Solo, Serenade Massenet 
Miss Ailie Kntz 
Biom-anhvof Ste hen Htsl'er-Mwa Anna Vorney 
Piano Study Heller 

Miss Anna Forney 
Gaite De Coeur Smith 
Miss Hat tie Mady 
Biofrraphy of Ch<n>in Miss Nettie Swart? 

ton;.', Year bv Year Kockel 
Miss Naomi Witman 
Biopcraphv of Schumann MiasAllic Kutz 

Organ Solo, Trauineri Sehuman n 

Mis* Katie Heed 
12th Sonata Beethoven 
MlssSallie Mark 

A very interesting and instructive 
feature of the recital was the inter 
spersion of succinct biographies of 
the most prominent composeers. A 
better knowledge of the lives of these 
great men and what through great 
suffering and pecuniary difficulties 
they have accomplished in the musi- 
cal world, enables us more fully to ap- 
preciate and understand their works. 

The pupils acquitted themselves 
very well find reflected great credit 
upon their instructors its some ap- 
peared in public for the first time 
Attendance was very large, in fad 
there were more strangers present 
than at any previous entertainment 

the heavenly bodies in the different, 
stages of an eclipse. In the following 
week President Lorenz spoke on "The 
Education of Goethe, emphasizing 
the excellent factors in the great 
scholar's early training and making 

them the basis for a little volume of I It is the purpose to make each reci- 
wholesome instruction. Prof. Bow- tal more instructive as well as enter 
man in his turn gave a geological and taming. 




ck v 

5 an 
i to 
s in 
i a 

blic ! 




n n 

, of 
i ap- 

Friday evening, Feb. 17 th, the Phi- 
Ipkosmian Literary Society had a 
jffock Trial in the chapel. A large 
number of friends from Lebanon and 
town were present. Hon. J. H. Kin- 
ports was judge and Mr. ft. G. Light 
hi s ass tciate. Mr. A. H. Gerberich, 
agisted by Mr. B. F. Daugherty were 
prosecuting attorneys, Mr. Wm. Haiti 
assisted by Mr. James Stein were the 
attorneys for the defendant. Every- 
thing was done in a courtly manner, 
after taking two ballots, the jury 
brought in a verdict of guilty. The 
presiding- Judge sentenced the pris- 
oner to pay a tine of $100 and to be 
imprisoned in the college for ten cal- 
endar months. The prisoner was 
moved to tears on receiving the sen- 
tence, and his harping won the sym- 
pathy of the audience. 

You and Your Grandfather. 

Of all the many pleasant acquaint- 
ances you may have formed since your 
debut into this mundane sphere, there 
are, perhaps, none that have so ma- 
terially ah'eeted the shaping of your 
present existence as you and your 
yramifoihe,: These two personages 
are in themselves, quite interesting to 
contemplate; your grandfather repre- 
senting the past, you yourself a speci- 
men of the present, and a prospectus 
of the future. 

To compare these two personalities 
and from such comparison deduce a 
a plain, digestible truth may afford a 
pleasant and somewhat humorous task. 
In order that the; lines of similarity 
and differentiation may be made for- 
cibly noticeable let me print several 
pictures illustrative of your grandfath- 
er's life and hang them on an east wall 
where the fading light of the setting- 
sun may throw its rich golden shadows 
across the deal" old scenes of his child- 
hood, crown the silvery locks of his 
old age with a reverent glory, and then 
quietly stealing away, leave him in 
darkness like the night of death. Then 
, let me paint the pictures of your life 
in the richest colors I may without 
injuring their truthfulness, and on the 
west Avail, where the first beams of the 
newly risen sun may bathe them in a 
dazzling brightness as it ushers in a 
new day with its fresh exuberance of 
life, energy and power, let them be 
hung. That between these two walls 
there will exist a striking similarity is 
beyond a doubt, for in the language 
of Knox, 

''Wo arc the same as our fathers have boon. 
We see the same sights thitt our fathers 
have seen, 

We breathe the same air, and view the 
same scene, 
And run the same course that our fathers 
have run." 


And yet, notwithstanding all these 
similar surroundings there is a strik- 
ing a difference, it is, the difference 
\ which is seen only by retrospection, 
. that difference which makes so many 
! homes really nothing more than board- 
j ing houses, where we may rest for a 
' certain time but where the true home 
i element is wanting; where reality is 
! varnished and outward appearance 
J is the thing most indulged in. How, 
with these preliminary explanations 
let me paint the first picture of your 
grandfather s life. 

A leaden sky, from which f tills silent- 
ly hake after flake of feathery white, 
covering all that remains of vegetal lie 
life in a downy bed of purity is the 
the scene which meets our first view. 
In from the road some distance stands 
a large roomy log house, strongly built 
and surrounded on the north side by 
linden and spruce trees whose snow- 
laden branches form a well-contrasted 
background to the cozy looking home 
where our grandfather first saw the 
light of day. Through the east win- 
dow glimmers the flickering light of 
a tallow candle. Let us peep in and 
catch a glimpse of him as he lies, com- 
fortably sucking his thumb in the 
washbasket, while the mother thrills 
a lullaby such as mothers of our grand- 
fathers were wont to sing in the fad- 
ing twliight. Here then bloomed the 
bud of promise, surrounded by those 
who love him best and who, by the 
simplicity of their very natures teach 
the growing child, the beauties as well 
as the sterner realities of the life he 
will have to live. 

And now I shall paint a like picture 
of life as it came to you, Down yon- 
der cobbled street a lordly mansion 
towers somewhat above its surround- 
ing neighbors. A hazy smoke obscures 
the cheering rays of the morning sun 
The air seems laden with the germs of 
impurity which are so frequently found 
within the limits of any metropolis. — 
The scene in the foreground is such 
as is common to city life with the bus- 
tle and confusion; but our attention 
is to be especially directed to the house- 
just described, were sleeping in an 

automatically acting cradle is the ob- 
ject of our search-^; «. Mother is 
probably attending- some • place of en- 
tertainment; father is buried in the 
concerns of his business, and you are 
left to the tender mercies of a disin- 
terested mu se, whose principal delight 
consists in teasing you, thereby laying 
the foundation for a strong and un- 
governable temper which will lie your 
greatest enemy in the days of your 
future life. 

Before sketching the next scene let 
us make a few comments on the pic- 
tures just completed. Your grand- 
father ' is already surrounded by cir- 
cumstances which will tend to make a 
strong healthv boy: you are environed | 

by just the opposite influence. Ho 
may breathe pure air, you must breathe 
foul. He it; surrounded by warm af- 
fection. You by an uninterested nurse. 
His mother is a ivoni(n>, yours is a lady. 
He is destined to live his ohfldjiocd 
where all is real; you where all is 
sham. Already your paths dlvido. 

But the second picture for the east 
wall must now be painted. It is morn- 
ing. Bursting from the mountain tops 
its rays of light and warmth reflect* d 
from the shell of ice covering- their 
snow summits shims the sun, and 
these first rays discover for us your 
grandfather, who, having risen two 
hours ago, has finished doing the 
chores, and is now starting for school. 
Mother bids him an affectionate good- 
bye. Father calls from the barnyard: 
"John, dont give your teacher any 
trouble to-day," and away he trudges 
in his heavy cowhide boots, with a eo'd 
north wind blowing in his face, a dis- 
tance of more than a mile. Hit; fact' 
begins to glow with the ruddiness of 
health. He whistles and sings as hap- 
py as the snow-birds that mock him 
from the trees, and to be concise, he 
is a model of strength and vitality. - 
What if his pantaloons have a great 
patch of some foreign material across 
the knee, or if his hair does reach over 
his coat collar; what if his coat icas 
made for an older brother who has 
outgrown it ! If the boy inside is 
honest, true and happy, what mattois 
it to you and me how he lie adorned ' 
The clear eye and light heart are suf- 
ficient evidence of the truest happi- 
ness. After ail a sound body, true . 
friends, and a healthy stomach tire the 
most valuable factors in happiness. — 
Such are the scenes which your grand- 
father would fain live over, when, 
hi after years fond memory pictures 
them in his dream. 

And now for the corresponding pic- 
ture you. The busy metropolis again. 
The hands of the court house clock 
point to nine. You too are on your 
way to school, but your face wears ;i 
sullen scowl. The blue lines beneath 
your listless eyes speak of late '-hours 
the night pirevious; the pale flabby 
skin, of a sluggish circulation of blood; 
the slow gait, of want of strength, and 
the contracted brow, of tin unruly tem- 
per. But what handsome building is 
that to your right 1 Can it be a 
school ? A group of boys idly leasing 
against the fence with their hands in 
their pockets, sunning themselves, 
tells us that our suspicions are not 
unfounded. My! what a pale, puny, 
sony-looking set they are. Victims 
of fashion, every one of them. They 
won't play ball because they may soil 
their skin. They won't play tag, it 
makes them too tired. They won't 
have a snow ball fight because the 
snow is too cdld; but they'll roll mar- 
bles in the school room; they'll eat 


sweet meats till they have the dyspep- 
sia; they'll tease the girls just to make 
them angry, and they 'll make sqlendid 
cases for the city doctors to experi- 
ment upon, and with these we must 
catalogue you. Truly fashion is a 
cruel despot when it binds you as its 
slave and demands your obeisance 
even at the expense of life. It adorns 
death in pleasing attractiveness and 
bids you make it your companion and 
playmate, and this is why you grow 
prematurely old and die at the time 
when your grandfather was in the 
prime of life. 

But I want to produce the next 
scene in the life of your grandfather, 
and this is one which, in all probabil- 
ity most of you are yet looking for- 
ward to. If I were to name it I should 
call it Courtship. The moon having 
passed superior connection, shines in 
almost her greatest brilliancy, shed- 
ding her soft mellow light upon a 
cornfield where all the neighboring 
farmers have gathered with their sons 
and daughters to revel in one of those 
joyous old time husking parties. Two 
persons at one shock of corn are Suf- 
ficient to bring the golden fruit from 
its hiding place at a lively rate, .and 
your grandfather vainly vies with the 
blushing maiden by his side in gath- 
ering the larger heap in the shortest 
tune. She is a fully developed woman 
possessing all the virtues and graces 
Which Nature, if left to herself 
is so willing to bsstaw. Never having 
learned the ways of society, she is her 
own true self and what she appears 
to be she really is. There is the true 
ring about all her actions which marks 
the genuine from the spmious. She 
may lack the polish of an education: 
but if with it she learns to act the 
lies which it demands of all its wor- 
shippers, it were better that she 
never contaminate the purity of her 
nature with its incongruities. 

Well may you envy your grandfath- 
er the ride home in the moonlight 
after the party has scattered. What 
is there wrong in his taking the long- 
est lanes or driving carelessly and 
with only one hand ? Why may he 
not enjoy every member as it hurried- 
ly passes, and what is there to prevent 
his telling the coy maiden something 
which causes her face to Hush till is 
ruddy as her lips ! None may hear 
but she and the wind, while in the 
sacredness of the hour the very stars 
close their holy eyes and the moon 
veils her face behind a cloud. Your 
grandfather drives rapidly after hav- 
ing safely delivered his treasure at her 
home and feels the pride of a newly 
found power in the fact that he may 
Soon claim that maiden as his own. — 
He knows what prize he has secured 
and he feels the truth of the words of 
the writer who says, "There is nothing 
that exerts so powerful an influence 

upon a man's entire life as the love of 
a noble Avoman " How sad is the 
thought that year after year there are 
less and less of these true types of 
womanhood, which fashion has replac- 
ed in the form of a butterfly and nam- 
ed u lady. When you come to take 
the step in life which your grandfath- 
er has just taken, you may discover, 
perhaps too late, that fashion's gilded 
lady who has promised to be your 
companion for life, is a compound of 
hypocrisy, paint, silks, disease and de- 
formity. Not only is this the general 
tendency of our American woman, but 
also of the sterner sex, represented by 
you. Under the garb of etiquette you 
have acquired the habit of saying and 
doing things which are contrary to 
your sense of right. Misrepresenta- 
tions are acts of daily occurrence, and 
trilling with a maiden's affections you 
consider a pleasant pastime. After 
having entangled one of the fair ones 
in the meshes of matrimony you will 
probably learn, before the honeymoon 
has passed that you have secured an 
entirely different article from that for 
which you bargained, and she like- 
wise will be greatly chagrinned by a 
similar discovery. In all the world 
there exists nothing which so aggra- 
vates humanity as does disappoint- 
ment. Expecting something - and get- 
ting oft times something worse than 
nothing. Is it any wonder that our 
homes are not what they were in the 
times of Priscilla and Evangeline ! 

Did you ever hear of your grand 
father applying for a divorce I Such 
an act upon his part was unthought 
of; but you intimate it to be an advis- 
able plan to have a certificate of di- 
vorce attached to every marriage cer- 
tificate, so that the signatures of the 
contracting parties to this codicil be 
all that is required to tear asunder the 
holiest ties of earth. This accounts 
for our gamblers, drunkards, criminals 
and murderers. Disappointment leads 
them farther and farther aAvay from 
virtue until they drown their sorn >ws 
in a sea of vice and crime. 

One more scene in the life of your 
grandfather. Since Ave last saAv him 
he has celebrated his golden wedding 
and but a few days later he lays with 
many a tear, his loving companion to 
rest beneath the murmuring willows 
of the village churchyard. His sons 
and daughters wander away into the 
wide world and he alone remains in 
the old homestead. Outside the snow 
is silently falling. In his room there 
is an ominous silence. The aged man 
sits hi the great rocker, staring va- 
cantly into the smouldering fire. His 
thoughts fly backward, sleep over- 
powers him, and he dreams the dream 
of his life. A smile plays about the 
corners of his mouth as each scene 
passes vividly before him, and one 
might think he had seen no sorrows. 








of ■ 


The hands of the great clock are sIoav- the 
ly approaching the midnight hour. — hv a 
Hark 1 it strikes — but he moves not. ' A 
just as that old year passes aAvay, his jsoo] 
spirit takes its flight to the eternal moi 
world. nnu 

The night wears on, and as the first '< to 1 
rays of light usher in the NeAv Year, Ma: 
they fall upon the hoary locks of that J 
venerable form resting cold in the em- 
brace of death. The smile still plays 
about his lips, but the light of his eye 
is faded and gone. His children bring 
him to rest by the side of their mother. 
The minister says, "He died of old 
age." and and betAveen you and me, 
the only natural death a man can die 
is just a death like this. 

One more picture and I shall have 
finished. You, too, have passed most ^ 
of life's milestones, but your hair is 
only tinged with silver. A dreaded 
disease is sIoavIv sapping your vital 
poAvers, contracted Avhen in the height 
of manhood, you permitted yourself 
to be led into temptations which weak- 
ened your influence, corrupted youi 
physical nature and ruined your char- 
acter. You have made for yourself 
few friends and many enemies. In 
the encouragement of that deceitful- 
ness which has made you appear what 
you yourself know are not; y< >u have 
lost your self respect as. well as that 
of your fellow men, and hoav you real- 
ize only too well, the agonies of con- 
science resulting from a wasted life. 
Death, in the form of a ghastly skele- 
ton, raps and claims its own, and witj 
one Aveak, heart-rending moan, "Oh ! 
bring back the days that are past," 
you step into the land of the hereafter. 
It is this picture of your dying agony, 
the look of bitter remorse depicted on 
your countenance that I would have 
you compare with the quiet features 
of its companion, your grandfather, 
smiling in death. Your opportunities 
for mental, moral and physical im- 
mrovement far outnumbering his, yet 
of the tAvain he has reaped by far the 
richer hardest in a clear conscience on 
unsurpassed character, a strong phys- 
ique, a long and happy life and a peace- 
ful death. 

Having followed the history of these 
two eventful lives even to the finale of 
their existence, we notice that the 
principal cause of the great divergence 
of their paths, lies in the fact that the 
one was, and the other appeared to be, 
to Avhich cause Ave may safely attrib- 
ute the great moral breach to day, be- 
tAveen you and your grandfather. 

J. 11. Stein. 



CJionian Lite) arv Soeietv. 

We were very happy to receive an 
invitation from the Philokosmian Lit- 
eiary Sosietyto spend Friday evening 


ir. — 




1 ein- 
; eye 
' old 

ir is 




■ on 

( 'SC 


the 17th, with them, which was glad- 
lv accepted and greatly enjoyed. 

Another of our Clionian sisters will 
soon join the happy ranks in matri- 
monv. The cards are out for the 
marriage of Miss Georgia Bittinger 
to Mr. T. J. Little, on Feb. 23, at St. 
Mark's Church, Hanover, Pa. 

Miss Ella Smith of the class of '81, 
has again returned home alter a very 
pleasant visit to Philadelphia. 

Miss Sevilla Gensimer, of the class 
of '85, spent a few days at her alma- 

Miss Emma Sneath entered the 
New England Conservatory of Music, 
at Boston, Feb. 2nd. 

The Society wishes to extend to 
Misses Anna, Olivia and Ella Savior 
their sympathy with them in the loss 
of then - younger brother Roger. Miss 
Ella has been obliged to give up her 
studies in school because of illness. 
We hope for them all a speedy recov- 

Philokosmian Literary Society. 
Esse Quam videri. 

Mr. E. E. Keedy has recovered 
from his recent attack of nervous 
prostration sufficiently to attend reci- 

At the late election of officers 
Grant L. Sheaffer was chosen Presi- 
dent and W. R Kellar, Recording 

C. H. Backenstoe, class '87, law 
student, has joined the new cavalry 
company of militia, forming at Har- 

Mr. Geo. R. Shenk, of class '87, at 
Jefferson Medical College in which he 
is a student, recently passed an exam- 
ination in history which was a credit 
to himself and to his friends, being 
pne of the only three who cleared the 

The late visit of Prof. Lehman to 
the society was greatly appreciated. 
The Professor shows himself interest- 
ed in the progress of the students with 
whom he labors, a result of which is 
that they are not less interested in 

Rev. H. A. Sechrist of class '81, is 
prosecuting his work successfully at 
Lewisburg, Ohio. Bro. S. is one of 
the few graduates of Lebanon Valley 
College who pursued their theological 
studies at our own Union Biblical 
Seminary. His success shows that 
ws course was well chosen. He sub- 
scribes for the College Forum as 
♦•very Alumnus ought to do. 

Several valuable additions have 
been made to the number of periodi- 
cals m the Reading Room, through 
jne kindness * ,f President Lorenz. ' It 
is needlessly said that such actions 
j*e greatly appreciated and will be 
Mildly remembered. The Reading 

Room Board can now congratulate 
itself on having- the finest selection of 
monthlies, magazines, and periodicals 
in general ever found in the Reading 
Room at Lebanon Valley College. 

The vacancy in our lecture course 
occasioned by the sudden death of 
Prof. Nathan Sheppard has been fill- 
ed by securing the services of corpor- 
al Tanner for the evening of March 
19. As a lecturer on Military sub- 
jects Corporal Tanner is said to have 
few equals and no superiors. We are 
glad to have been able to secure him. 

On the evening of Feb. 17th the 
Society held, in the chapel, a mock 
coiu't trial. Two seniors, Messrs. A. 
L. Gerberich and W. M. Haiu repre- 
sented the interests of the client and 
of the defendant respectively. If the 
future success of the gentlemen as at- 
torneys may be estimated from the 
brilliancy of this effort, Lebanon Val- 
ley College, in the future, will have 
additional occasion to be proud of her 
representatives in the legal profession. 

ident Lorenz, to the one securing the 
greatest number of subscribers for 
the Forum. 

Several gentlemen attended the 
cherry party several weeks ago, in 
Congress Hall. They report a very 
enjoyable occasion. 


Kalozetoan Literary Society 

In addition to the motto, "Palma 
non sine pulvere" the members of the 
Society have individually adopted the 
motto, "I can and I will. ' With a re- 
alization of the truth of the former 
and in obedience to the latter, we 
have labored during the past month, 
and are pleased to report good work 
as the result. 

Sickness has been the lot of several 
since our last report. It was how- 
ever of short duration and not of a 
serious character. Of this number 
was Mr. Charles Courtney, who, feel- 
ing that his health is not adpated to 
college life, went home. 

Preparation has begun for Anniver- 
sary, and thus far everything has 
moved along nicely. "We are hoping 
to have a very pleasant entertain- 

The Gymnasium is liberally patron- 
ized this term, but physical exercise 
at this place does not measure up to 
what it should be at an institution of 
this kind. 

Having received an invitation from 
our brother society to attend the 
mock trial we very gratefully accepted 

consequence of 
society on Feb- 

the invitation. In 
this we did not have 
ruary 17th. 

Rev. J. M. Lesher is busily engag- 
ed holding meetings every Sabbath. 
His work is on the various charges 
rather adjacent to this place. During 
the week he is engaged in his work as 
a student. Hard work seems to be 
his lot, yet he represents one of the 
grandest causes of the church, that of 

Mr. C. B. Pennypacker was the suc- 
cessful competitor for the "Gospel 
Worker's Treasury", given by Pres- 

Magazines For the Month. 

Scribner's Magazine for March is a 
good number. In history we have 
the first of a series on the campaign 
i Waterloo: in science an article on 
electricity as a motive power; in music 
the last paper on Mendelssohn's Let- 
ters to Moscheles: in literature an ex- 
ceedingly interesting article entitled 
"A Shelf of Old Books" and a charm- 
ing paper by Robert Louis Stevenson 
on "Bygars" with enough wholesome 
fiction and well written poetry to 
make the evening hours pass pleas- 

The Century for March is brimful 
of good things. Cable's "Au Large'" 
closes with several dramatic situations 
of which Victor Hugo would have 
been proud. If there were noth- 
ing else in this Magazine but the 
"Life of Lincoln," it ought to lie on 
one's study table as an indispensable. 
"The Gravsons"' promises to equal in 
photographic exactness and intense 
interest "Eggleton's Circuit Rider." 
The articles on English Cathedrals 
continue. Other papers of value ap- 

The Forum for March contains a 
number of most suggestive papers. 
"The Recoil of Pii*acy," by Henry Holt, 
a New York publisher, is a strong 
article on international copyright. — 
Political and economical science is rep- 
resented by three articles. "Woman's 
Mental Status is again determined by 
Rev. D. P. Livermore. Other valua- 
ble topics are ably discussed. 

President Seelye, of Amherst Col- 
lege, has made a study of "Our Polit- 
ical Prospects" to determine on what 
large moral principles the political 
party that hopes for permanent suc- 
cess must now build itself on. This 
essay will appear in the Forum for 
March. In the same number Repre- 
sentative Win. M. Springer, explains 
the "Hindrances to Surplus Reduc- 
tion," and Mr. Win. R. Morrison points 
out from a revenue reform point of 
view, "W T ho is Benefitted by Protoc- 

An earnest and vigorous exposition, 
in a cheap, handy form, of the moral 
aspects of the international copyright 
question, is something that has been 
much needed. Such a paper has now 
been published by Charles Scribner's 
Sons, of New York, in the well-known 
paper-covered series of this horse, at 


a pries -which ought to insure for it a 
circulation of hundreds of thousands 
throughout the country. The title of 
the pamphlet is '-The National Sin of 
Literary Piracy," and the author is 
the Bey. Dr. Henry Van Dyke. Dr. 
Van Dyke considers the subject under 
three phases:— (1) The Nature of the 
National Sin of Literal- - Piracy, (2) I Qnlv 
Its Punishment, and (3) Its Cure, — fully 
His paper is well -worth reading, and cleai 
ought to touch the public conscience 
and have its effects upon public opin- 
ion. The publishers will send any 
one a copy upon receipt of 5 cents. 

In this connection it may be said 
that Students of the International 
Copyright question who have read it 
pronounce a review of the whole sub- 
ject that has been prepared by Mr. 
Henry Holt, the New York publisher, 
the ablest presentation of the matter 
that has ever been made. Mr. Holt 
contributes this to the March number 
of the Forum. 

The English Language by J. M. D. 
Meiklejohn, M. A. Published by D. 
0. Heath & Co., Boston, New York 
and Chicago, 1887. Price, $1.40.- 
The book supplies a want. It reduces 
to popular ami handy form what form- 
erly must be obtained by research in 
several volumes. The book gives a 
summary view of the English language 
its origin, development, a complete 
grammar of its present status, the 
laws of composition, and an outline 
history of its literature. The chapters 
on Word building and JJerica ion. Word 
branching. Word* that have Changed in 
Meaning, t'lisfi rg of the English Yocab 
ulary, and the fables of 'English Liter 
at ure are, in their form, new and es- 
pecially valuable. It will be found 
useful as a text book and as a volume 
for reference. 

Lessons in English Grammak by Al- 
fred H. Welsh. Published by John 
C. Buckbee & Co., Chicago, 1887.— 
Prof. Welsh's name associated with 
this grammar will gain for it careful 
consideration among educatorr. Its 
method of treatment is new, not in 
principle but in plan. The study be- 
gins, properly, with the "Growth and 
Relation of . English," proceeding on 
the inductive principles that "Theory 
comes after experience." It has the 
virtue of easy steps — first, the parts 
of speech are classified, each in a sep- 
arate chapter: afterwards the injicc 
lions of each are treated likewise; then 
parsing is introduced, and finally *t/n 
tax. It is no doubt a valuable addi- 
tion to the numerous text books on 
English Grammar. 

seems to supply a want; a book of 
merit, and one that is de stined to find 
its M ay into the schools of the land, 
Ohauvenet's treatise on Geometry is so 
deservedly popular that this revised 
and abridged edition by Prof. W. E. 
Byerly, of Harvard University is hailed 
with delight by educators everywhere, 
the import 

.v. thes 



Adjourned to meet at 7 p. m., wit 
benediction by Rev. L. R. Jones. 

the student uses in work- 
ing out proofs to others, thus furnish- 
ing to him an opportunity for the 
actual use of the principles acquired 
so that the reasoning faculty is disci 
p ined instead of the memory taxed. 
The many exercises progressively ar- 
ranged, requiring original demonstra- 
tions are a very desirable feature. — 
The book will not fail to awaken an 
interest in this important branch. If 
we Avere looking for a text-book on 
plain and solid Geometry, we know of 
none that would suit us better. 

Aii Educational Council. 

At the call of Rev. M O. Laue, 
Financial Agent of Lebanon Valley 
College, the Presiding Elders of the 
Conferences co-operating with the 
College, met in the President's room 
at 2 p. m. 

After a seas m of prayer, conducted 
by President Lorenz, the meeting 
was organized by electing Rev. I. 
Baltzell', P. E., of Harrisburg district, 
East Pennsylvania Conference, as 
president, and G. W. M. Rigor, P. E., 
of the Lancaster district, same Con- 
ference, as secretary. There were 
present: Revs. David Sheerer, P. E., 
of Altoona district, and L. R. Jones, 
P. E., of Greensburg district, Alle- 
gheny Conference: Rev. H. A. Schlich- 
ter, P. E., Chambcrsburg district, 
Pennsylvania Conference: Revs. Jacob 
H. Mark, P. E., East district, and 
Amos Graul, P. E., of Lebanon dis- 
trict, East German Conference, and 
Revs. I. Baltxell and G. W. M. Rigor, 
of East Pa. Conference. 

President Lorenz presented the 
following topics for the consideration 
of the Presiding Elders: 

1st.— How shall the College; and 
the Conferences be brought wholly 
into line '? 

2nd. How can the Conference or- 
ganizations be used in raising the En- 
dowment Fund ? 

3rd.- How shall the College be 
sustained until the Endowment Fund 
is raised I 

The first topic was well discussed 
by Schlichter, Sheerer, Jones, Rigor. 
Mark, Graul, Baltzell, Lorenz, Keedy 
and Lane, the Financial Agent of th< 

The Presiding Elders met at 7 
m., the president in the chair. Prayc 
by Mark. Schlichter, from eonmiittj 
appointed at the close of the afte 
noon session, read their report as fo 

"We the committee report as fq 
lows: That the Presiding Elders 
the co-operating Conferences recon 
mend to the committees on educatio 
in the Conference the following: 

1st. -That one (veiling session 
our respective Conference sessions 
devoted to the educational work ant 
that as many short addresses as potf 
sible be made by ministers and la] 

2nd. - That at our annual camp 
meeting the cause of education ty 
presented with a view of enlisting tin 
svinpathv and co-operation of tbtj 

W ' , ■ \ 1 

rd. — That plenty of printed mat 

ter be distributed informing the p 
pie of the doings of the College. 

4 th. — That our ministers preach, 
least, one sermon at each appointme: 
each year showing the importance. 
Christian education and the impor 
tance of sustaining Lebanon Valla 

L. R. Jones, ) 

j. h. maek, cm 


The report was adopted. 

The second and third topics wer 
taken up and discussed by PresideD 
Lorenz, Jones, Graul, Rigor, Sheered 
Schlichter and Baltzell. Jones intra 
duced the following resolution wkidi 
was passed: 

AVWiW, That we the Presidinj 
Elders of the co-operating Conferej 
ces of Lebanon Valley College, ret 
ommend to the Executive committe 
of the College, the putting of an ei 
perienced agent in the field for tb< 
raising of $100,000 EndoAvment Fuu< 
and that we will heartily co-operat 
with said agent in raising the abovt 

Adjourned to meet at 8 a. m., 
morrow, with benediction bv Rev 










11 U 








The P. E's. met again at 8 a. ffl 
Feb. 2nd, 1888. President in chili 
Prayer by Sheerer. 

On motion it was resolved that ^ 
recommend that the co-operatiw 
Conferences devise such ways aB 
means as they may see proper to met 
the expenses of the College while tl)' 
Endowment Fund is being raised fid 
would suggest that one Sabbath dm 
met the month of May in each vear 


Chauyenets Geometry, re vised and 
abridged by Prof. W. E. Bverlv, of .. 

Harvard University; published bv J- 1 College. On motion Jones, Mark and j h'xed upon as a day on which all ou 
P L'p oincott Co ' Philadelphia,' Pa. j Schlicht er were appointed a committee- 1 congregations and people be called Jj 
Trulv "of Making many books there 1 L 

IScnlicnter were appointed a committee j congregations una poope u« wuic» ^ 
to formulate a paper expressive of the I on to make a free will offering to til 
is' no'' end,'' and vet here is a book that I'best ideas produced on this topic. J Lord, for his tender mercies to the" 1 

at 7 




1 as fo 

as fo 

rep ■ 

sion o 
ons I 
irk am 
as poj 
and If 

:ion bj 
ing tli( 
of tin 


all( 1 that the money thus secured be 
used for the purpose above stated. 

On motion the foUowing was 

Uesolved, That a committee con- 
sisting of Rigor, Sheerer and Graid 
1 >; . apointed to prepare a code of rules 
for the permanent organization of the 
Presiding Elders of the co-operating 
conferences, and that when we adjourn, 
we adjourn to meet at 11 a. m., to 
hear the report of said committee. 

Adjourned to meet at 11 a. m., with 
benediction by Sehlichter. 



•s weii 
-s into 
. whic! 

•si din; 
i>'e, rec 

an ex 
for th 
t Funi 


m, U 
Rev j 

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The meeting convened at 11 a. m. 
The president in the chair. On mo- 
tion it was resolved that we proceed 
to effect a permanent organization of 
the Presiding Elders of the co-operat- 
ing Conferences. 

The Secretary read the report of 
the committee on Rules of Govern- 
ment, which was adopted. (See A.) 

The election of officers resulted in 
the choice of Baltzell, pres.; Sheerer, 
vice pres.; Rigor, sec: Graul, treas. 
The place of next meeting be Ann- 
ville, and time, commencement, at the 
call of President. 

The secretary was authorized to 
correspond with the absent Presiding 
Elders and enlist them in the work 
of this meeting. After closing words 
by President Lorenz, M. O. Lane and 
the President on motion adjourned 
with benediction by the President. 

Rules of Government of the Presid- 
ing Elders' Association. 

A. — Rule I. The name of this or- 
ganization shall be The Presiding El- 
ders' Association of the co-operating 
Conferences, with Lebanon Valley 
College, Church of the United Breth- 
ren in Christ, 

Ri le II.- The object of this ass. >ci- 
ation shall be, to form a closer bond 
of union between the co-operating 
Conferences, to devise ways and 
means to provide the financial and 
other interests of Lebanon Val- 
ley College and to deliberate upon 
any and all matters of interest per- 
taining to the adi ancement of the 
Church of the United Brethren in 
Christ within our bounds. 

Rule III.- The members of this as- 
sociation shall consist of all United 
Brethren preachers who have at anv 
tune served as Presiding Eiders of 
any of the cooperating Conferences. 

Rule IV.- The officers shall consist 
Of a President, a Vice President, a 
Secretary and a Treasurer, who shall 
»e elected annually at the annual 

Rule V. The annual meeting shall 
1)e at such time and place, in the 
month of J mi0 , asmav be decided up- 
on from time to tune.' Special meet 

iligs may be called by the President 
at the request of any five members. 

Rule VI. — These rules may be 
amended at any regular meeting by a 
majority of two-thirds of the members 
present voting. 

G. W. M. Rigor,) 
David Sheerer, - Com. 
Amos Graul, \ 

To the Pastors. 

The co-operating conferences have 
decieed to make the first or second 
Sunday in May a ''College Day" when 
a free-will offering to the Lord is to 
be given by the people in behalf of 
Lebanon Valley College. What that 
"'College Day" will do for the institu- 
tion will largely depend on the preach- 
er in charge. His people may not do 
all that they ought even if he does his 
whole duty, but yet the fact remains 
that they will give in direct propor- 
tion to his interest and aggressiveness. 
In many places, we doubt not there 
will be an effort to pursuade the pas 
tor that there are sufficient reasons for 
not observing the day at all; if he has 
little interest in the matter, the peo- 
ple will have their way. But the pas- 
tor ought not to let them have their 
own way. Kindly and gently he 
ought to take for granted that the day 
must be observed and made a grand 

We propose to do all that we can to 
help the pastor in this matter. With- 
in a few weeks circulars will be put 
into his hands for distribution among 
his members in person or by mail. 
Properly prepared envelopes will also 
be furnished. A four-page sheet of 
music containing four appropriate 1 
songs will also be sent as an aid in 
adding interest to the occasion. We' 
desire to do all that lies in our power 
to make ''College Day" a delightful 
season to our people. 

We trust there will be pardon for 
us if we drop a few suggestions re- 
garding the preparation for this day. 

1. There must be preparation for 
it if "College Day" is to be a time of 
pleasure and profit. Mere announce- 
ment a week beforehand is not 

2. The preacher must be interest- 
ed in the day himself* No one can 
w ake the interest of others in what is 
indifferent to himself. He ought to 
be ambitious to do a good tiling for 
his college and for his church by 
straining every nerve to make the day 
one of life and power. If he has in 
his own heart decided that the day 
must be a great success the rest will 
be comparatively easy. 

3. The day should be announced 
and its purpose explained some time 
in advance. In some cases it may be 
well to interest the young people in it 

either personally, or through their as- 
sociation. Call attention to the day 
several times publicly in an enthusias- 
tic and hopeful way and make the 
members feel that you expect the oc- 
casion to be a very pleasant and pr. - 
fitable one. 

4. Get your singers together and 
practice the music that will be sent 
you. If the Sunday school will take 
hold of the music of the occasion so 
much the better. Perhaps the Sun- 
day school song book will furnish 
other appropriate music. Anything 
in the line of thanksgiving or praise 
will do nicely. 

5. — Prepare a special sermon on the 
subject of education. Illustrative 
matter may be found in the College 
Forum or in the educational columns 

i of the Teirscnpe. A Bible reading 
: may be substituted. On stations it 
i may be wise to have the educational 
I sermon in the morning in regular ser- 
j vices, and to have the special pr< >- 
I gram in the evening. At any rate let 
j the day be used to the utmost for 
getting our people acquainted with 
Lebanon Valley College. Speak as 
well of it as you honestly can and 
make the people feel good over its 
work, impressing them with their duty 
to sustain it. 

(5. — Talk about "College Day" pri- 
vately, suggesting to the people - not 
that it is an outrage to have another 
collection, and that the college has 
been shockingly mismanaged, not that 
education is a doubtful advantage, — 
but that you are pleased that the 
church has an opportunity to do some- 
thing for so worthy a purpose and in- 
stitution. Impress the people that 
they ought to put into the envelopes 
not pennies, but dimes, quarters and 
dollars. The people will give accord- 
ing to the standard you in one way 
and another propose. It ought to be 
possible to raise a sum that would 
average ten cents to the member. 

7. -Emphasize the spiritual element 
of the free-will offering. Do not look 
a means of training the people not 
only in educational matters but also 
upon it simply as a scheme by which 
to raise money for the college, but as 
in giving to the Lord freely and from 
proper motives. 

In conclusion it may be said that in 
some true sense the pastors in these 
co-operating conferences are on trial. 
It has been urged against the plan 
that they would not push it because 
it has not been made a regular assess- 
ment, and hence it must fail. We be- 
lieve that with a very few and unim- 
portant exceptions the pastors will 
push the plan and all the more ear- 
nestly and heartily that it has not 
been laid upon them and their people 
as a compulsory assessment. We are 
convinced that several thousand dol- 


lars will flow into the college treasury 
as the result of their earnest and skill- 
ful work in our behalf. 


The facilities afforded to normal 
students at Lebanon Valley College 
next term will excel any hitherto of- 
fered here, and even elsewhere it 
might be said without exceeding the 
truth. A course covering all the 
branches taught in our public schools 
and upon which teachers are examin- 
ed, opportunities for studying the 
higher college branches, a corps of ten 
instructors, a long list of brilliant lec- 
turers whose success in the educa- 
tional work gives them a right to in- 
struct, round out a combination of at- 
tractions that few institutions can 

As the faculty was not able to hear 
all the (.-lasses of both the College and 
Normal Departments, the engagement 
of more help was imperative. The 
securing of the assistance of Profs. 
Snoke and Stauffer, who have won an 
enviable reputation in Normal class 
work and who have had large exper- 
ience, is a cause for congratulation. 
The large number of students who 
have attended their Normal Class 
during the recent years is a sufficient 
testimony to the acceptability of their 

While most of the strictly Normal 
instruction will be given by these 
teachers, the Normal student will 
come in daily contact with the mem- 
bers of the faculty in one relation and 
another. They will thus get some of 
their inspirations which make up so 
large a part of the vitalizing force of 
a college upon its students. Contact 
with advanced students in the College 
classes, possible because of the lack 
of class pride, will in many cases be 
of great value to the student new to 
college life. 

The College has been very fortu- 
nate in securing the kindly co-opera- 
tion of so many lecturers of high 
standing in educational circles. Prof. 
Bodenhorn, Superintendent of _ the 
Public Schools of Lebanon county., 
will lecture twice each week on Theo- 
ry of Teaching. He is one of our own 
graduates who does us great honor 
by the standing he has won as one of 
the leading educators of the State. 
Prof. S. Oliver Goho, Superintendent 
of the Milton Public Schools, is also 
one of our graduates. His enterprise 
and ability are generally recognized 
and appreciated. He was the founder 
of the Annville Normal Class, having 
during his administration over one 
hundred students in attendance. 
Hon. S. P. Light, of Lebanon, Pa., 
another of our graduates will lecture 
on School Law- The large practice 
he lias built up in a comparatively 

| few years is an evidence of his native 
! and acquired ability. That Lebanon 
j Valley College has such men among 
\ her alumni proves incontestable' that 

she has done good work in the past. 
The genial face of Prof. Henry 

Houck, Deputy State Superintendent, 

has been welcomed year after year by 
j our students, but he is as welcome as 
j ever. His bright wit and irresistible 

humor serve to impress more deeply 
! the practical and valuable suggestions 
: he has to make. Prof. K. M. Mc- 
I Neal of Dauphin county, is also an 
j old friend, whom we shall be glad to 
I welcome back. Genial and practical, 
: he is certain greatly to profit his 
j hearers. 

Prof. Jas. M. Coughlin is more of a 
! stranger at Lebanon Valley College; 
! but those who have heard him at the 
county institutes need not be told 
that he is not only full of practical 
I points, but witty and eloquent to a 
i high degree. If he were to enter the 
regular lecture field, he would win a 
| high position. 

Arrangement are making for addi- 
tional lectures, but which will be an- 
nounced hereafter. 

Criticisms on Bacon. 

It is by the Msmys that Bacon is 
best known to the multitude. The 
Novum Organum and the JM 
mentis are much talked of, but little 
read. They have produced indeed a 
vast effect on the opinion of mankind; 
but they have produced it through 
the operation of intermediate agents. 
They have moved the intellects which 
have moved the world. It is in the 
Essays alone that the mind of Bacon 
is brought into immediate contact with 
the minds of ordinary readers. There, 
he opens an exoteric sjhool, and he 
talks to plain men, in language which 
everybody understands, about things 
in which everybody is interested. He 
has thus enabled thes.> who must 
otherwise have taken his merits on 
trust to judge for themselves; and the 
great body of readers have, during 
several generations, acknowledged 
that the man who has treated with 
such consummate ability questionswith 
which they are familiar may well be 
supposed to deserve all the praise be- 
stowed on him by those who have sat 
in his inner school. — Macai l vv. 

Bacon's sentences bend beneath the 
weight of his thought like a branch 
beneath the weight of its fruit. He 
seems to have written his Essays with 
tthakesphere's pen. He writes like one 
on whom presses the weight of affairs, 
and he approaches a subject al ways 
on its serious sidj. He does not play 
with it fantastically- He lives among 
great ideas as with great nobles, with 
whom he dare not to be %M familiar. In 

the tone of his mind there is evq 
something imperial. "When he write 
on buildings, he speaks of a palac< 
with spacious entrances, and court 
and banquetiiig-halls; when he write 
on gardens, he speaks of alleys an! 
mounts, waste places and fountains-^ 
of a garden "which is indeed princf 
like." To read over his table of cotf 
tents is like reading over a roll I 
peers' names. AVe have taken then 
as they stand: "Of Great Place," "0 
Boldness," "Of Goodness, and Good 
ness of Nature," Of Nobility," "Of S3 
ditions and Troubles," "Of Atheism,' 
"Of Superstition," "Of Travel," "0 
Empire," "Of Counsel" — a book, plain 
ly, to lie in the closets of statesmen 
and princes, and designed to nurtua 
the noblest natures. — Alexaxdb 

I am old-fashioned enough to ad 
mire Bacon, whose remarks are takei 
in and assented to by persons < >f or 
dinary capacity, and seem notlnnj 
very profound. But when a mi 
comes to reflect and observe, and hi 
faculties enlarge, he then sees mon 
in them than he did at first, and mon 
still as he advances farther — his ad 
miration of Bacon's profundity in 
creasing as he himself grows inte! 
lectually. Bacon's wisdom is like tli 
seven-league boots, which Mould fi 
the giant or the dwarf, except onh 
that the dwarf cannot take the saim 
stride in them. — Archbishop Whateli 





S. W. Cor. 8th .and Willow Sts 

All Companies First Class. 

2 3 m 



leal Estate, 


Goileoflug Agencyi 

Office — 124 North Eighth St.* 

Collections promptly made, an* 1 
transfers of Real Es'.ate effected^ 
the best terms. 2 3H 



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Of Si 


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esmei VOL. 

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NO. 4 


Kbv. E. S. Lorenz, 4l. M., President. 
11. Clay Dkaner. A. Professor uf Latin. 
Geo. XV. 1'owman, A. M., Professor <>f Science 
J. E. I.mman, A.M, Professor of Mathematics 
Kev. W.S. Kbkusole. A.M., l'rofessor of Gr.ek 
Miss Alice M. Evers, 15. S. 

J rofcseor of Instrumental Music, 
Miss a'l ce K. Gingrich, M. A. 

Proi'e.-.sor of Vocal Culture. 
Miss F. Adelaide Sheldon, Professor tf Art. 


Clionian Society— Mits Am< y li Ueed. 
J'hiloko inian Society— Key S. D. Faust. 
Kalozetean Society — J. T. Si'angleb. 

I work atone for the lateness of the is- 
: sue and give general satisfaction, 
j The beauty of the exterior prompts 
j us to improve the matter furnished 
i the reader. 

| that the Lord is with uf, to whom be 
j the glory ! 

Hkv. M. O. Lank, Financial Agent;. 

All communications or items ol news should 
be sent to the President. Subscriptions should 
be sent to the Publishing Agent. 

The COLLEGE FOKUM will be sent month- 
ly for one year on receipt of twenty- five cents 
Subset ipttotig received at any time. 

For terms of advertising, address the Pub- 
lishing Agent. 

Entered at the Post Office at Ann vtlle. Pa., as 
second class mail matter. 


We wish to call attention to the 
advertising pages. Our friends will 
do us a great favor by not only pat- 
ronizing our advertisers, but also by 
informing them that it was the adver- 
tisement in the College Fokum that 
led to the purchase. 

The College Fokum for March was 
exceedingly late for which we humbly 
*w for pardon. A new dress had 
Wn promised but the dress-maker 
Was painfully slow in sending it, We 
preferred to risk the displeasure of 
our wid circle of friends rather than 
it go ou t again in its former garb, 
be new type an d improved press- 

That we need a cultivated ministry 
is a truth that has become a common- 
place, so often has it been repeated. 
We need educated preachers, that is 
true: but do we not need educated 
congregations to listen to and to work 
with them ? Do we not need educated 
Sunday school superintendents, edu- 
cated teachers in the Sunday school, 
educated church officials, as well ? 
Preachers may come and preachers 
may go with their varying talents and 
zeal, but a few well educated leaders 
among the members will assure the 
success of the congregation more than 
they all! If you wish to build up 
your congregations in permanent 
strength, educate the laity. 

Our subscription list is growing 
, daily and bids fair soon to relieve our 
minds of all anxiety for the financial 
| success of the College Fobum. How- 
; ever the names of a good many of our 
friends, alumni and others, upon whom 
| we depended are not yet upon th at 
list. That such is the case is a rea-.- 
1 onable ground for hope that it will 
grow rapidly in the near future. 
Twelve two-cent stamps and one one- 
cent stamp with a subscription 
for the "College Forum" in a letter 
brings a smile to the face of the Finan- 
cial Agent that makes him even more 
handsome than he is by nature ! 

We have a kindly wish to which we 
desire to give expression. It is that 
all those who thought last fall that 
Lebanon Valley College was doomed 
could look in upon prayers some 
morning and see the chapel crowded 
with the largest number of students 
the institution has ever seen in all its 
history. Over one hundred and eigh- 
ty-five are at present in regular at- 
tendance. As may be seen in another 
column, this exceeds the total enroll 
ment for the whole school year of the 
previous most successful year. We 
are tempted to use a trtie quotation 
of '"the darkest hour" and "dawn," but 
forbear. This prosperity only proves 

If we may judge from the way he 
constituted man, God hates ignorance. 
| He has furnished him elaborate and 
i most wonderful weapons against it in 
! his senses; he has adapted the mind 
| of man to the world about him so per- 
fectly that it can grasp its meaning; 
he lias given man impulses ranging 
from the lowest form of curiosity to 
the highest joy of scientific research 
compelling him to learn and so to 
overcome his ignorance. Evidently 
the greatest friend the cause of edu- 
cation basis the Almighty himself. 
And yet there are those wh > venture 
to oppose education, and to d > it in 
his name ! To make ignorance a vir- 
tue is to cast a shadow upon one of 
the most glorious attributes of God — - 
his omniscience. To oppose educa- 
tion then is to oppose God, and indi- 
rectly, at least, to rob him of the 
glory of his perfect knowledge. 



''College Day" may mean a great 
deal of help to us, but it may also 
mean a great deal of harm. Better 
that the day should never have been 
suggested than that it should be a 
fail lire. That is not only true of the 
conference s "at large but also of the 
individual communities. In every 
society where the indifference of the 
people or of the pastor prevents the 
holding of a "college" service with the 
accompanying offering the college is 
worse off than before. The indiffer- 
ence or opposition has found an ex- 
pression and the college suffers in 
public estimation and loses influence 
Hut even the slightest attempt at 
meeting the call will build up the in- 
fluence of the school in that commun- 
ity. An earnest vigorous effort will 
prove a blessing to the college for 
years to come. 

who urged the fulfillment of 
his wife's desire. To both the dead 
and the living are we grateful. 

The life interest that rests upon the 
bequest postpones,of course, the finan- 
cial benefits that flow from it, but the 
assurance of future help generates a 
present hopefulness anel enthusiasm 
which will make itself felt in every de- 
partment of the work of the .College. 
That Lebanon Valley College has a 
future no one can now venture to dent- 

Cur Recent Cood Fortune. 

It is pretty generally known by the 
friends ( f Lebanon Valley College 
that the late Mr. Wm. Eittinger of 
Abbottst )v> n, Adams county, Pa., be- 
queathed to the institution a very val- 
uable farm of two hundred and four 
acres kno wn as the Eberly farm, situ- 
ated at Shiremanstown, Pa. Its value 
has been estimated by different par- 
ties frem $£0,000 to $C0,GC0. It is 
••Subject to a life interest held by Prof. 
1 ). Eberly, well known to all United 
Prethren. The farm can never be 
-sold. It eventually comes to the Col- 
lege as the endowment of the chair of 
Latin, named in honor of Mrs. Prof. 
D. Eberly of precious memory, the 
Jorophine Bitting er Eberly chair of 
Latin. This was the department so 
ably conducted by Prof. Eberly dur- 
ing his connection with the College. 
This bequest is elue to the influence 
e>f Mrs Eberly, who, cn her dying beel 
asked her father to help the institu- 
tion in which she had become most 
deeply interested during the years of 
her life in Annville. She has been 
in< st kindly remembered for the -sake 
of her kindly considerate ways of - her 
cultureel mind anel tastes, but-- her 
memory now becomes doubly precious 
n view of this abiding blessing which 
has ceme to us through her influence. 
'J hat her wish was fulfilled in a large 
-way we may also thank Trof. Eberly 

A Few Reasons For Observing 
Col I ego l);iy. 

1. It is but honorable that the pas- 
tor should carry out the resolution in 
favor of "College Day" passed by his 
conference to which he owes obedi- 

2. No preacher can afford to do 
without the good opinion of his fel- 
low ministers. The preacher who 
makes a success of "College Day" Avill 
not only stand higher as a faithful 
and skillful worker in the opinion of 
the College authorities but will also 
rank higher among his own brethren 
in the Conference. 

o. The people appreciate sympathy 
with scholarship and advanced educa- 
tion in their pastor. Indeed they ex 
pect it, and will honor him more if 
he pushes "College Day" vigorously. 

4. Young people particularly; with- 
out whose good- will no pastor can se- 
cure permanent siieeess, will look with 
favor upon any pastor who has inter- 
est anel faith in the development of 
young people, and believes in their 

5. "College Day" will be many a 
minister's opportunity for impressing 
the whole community in which he 
labors that he is interested and a 
leader in all phases of Gods work of 
grace and growth. A vigorous and 
earnest canvass in behalf of this inter- 
est and a carefully prepared discourse 
on Christian education will do much 
to win the most intelligent and culti- 
vated elements of the community. 

G. It will give the pastor a chance 
to educate the - people in their finan- 
cial duties without laying him open to 
the charge of seeking personal enels. 
However, his purse will be all the 
fuller for his effort in behalf of the 

College, for if people learn benevo- 
lence in one direction they will apply 
it hi every other. 

7. To observe "College Day" will 
have a good influence upon the pas- 
tor's own soul, as it will counter-act 
the narrowing tendency of the local 
sympathies which limit so much oi 
his work and duty. 

8. "College Day,"' with the music 
that has been provided, with the new 
way of appealing to the people for 
money, with the variety of theine, and! 
the like, will be a pleasing change from 
the regular services. The wise pastor 
is giael to vise these special days and 
seasons with the enjoyable variety 
they offer as a means of getting out 
of grooves and ruts and awakening 
new life and enthusiasm in his con- 

9. This interest in "College Day" 
will, in many communities materially 
enlarge the influence of the local 
church. FeAV members of other 
churches know that we have a live 
and thriving college, and the eliscov- 
ery of that fact, and the manifesta- 
tions of interest in that college by 
the local society will add largely to 
the outside respect and esteem foij 
the church, both local and general. 

10. 'J he principles underlying the 
financial phase of "College Day" are 
the foundations of all religious finan- 
ciering, anel the elay offers a fine occa- 
sion for the rebuking of the woridli- 
ness and selfishness which cause the 
leanness of the Lord's purse. It will 
be a good season for training the so- 
ciety in its financial duties. 

11. If there were no other reasons 
for observing "College Pay" the faith- 
fid pastor would hail it as a good op- 
portunity to intsruct the people in 
their duty to provide an education 
for their own or other people's child- 
ren. Some people do not educate 
their children because no one has evei 
pointed out to them that it is their 

12. "College Day" is a noble op 
portunify f< r breaking down the un- 
christian local church selfishness which 
infests so many local societies arid 
rots them of the sweetest and m 

j heavenly joys the Christian religion 

13. What better occasion can the 
pastor desire for cultivating church 
spirit, denominational loyalty, or what- 
ever you may choose to call it ? The 
work of the College as presented in oth- 
er columns cannot but awaken church 
-pride if properly presented by the 

14. "College Day - ' is a day of count- 
ing of mercies, of tender recollection 
of God's amazing grace, of gratitude 
and thanksgiving, of love and praise, 
of spontaneous sacrifice to the cause 
of God. What a delightful day it- 
ought to be for God's saints; for 
these are the employments of heaven. 
The pastor who does not make the 
day one of feasting in spiritual things, 
a day of fat things, of wines on the 
lees, will miss the very heart of the 

* * -r- * * $ * 

15. Lebanon Valley College can be 
advertised on "College Day" as at no 
other time. The noble record of its 
past, its present success and offered 
advantages, the need of its influence 
in the future, will prove a delightful 
and fruitful theme. Five hundred 
pulpits talking Lebanon Valley College 
daring the month of May will be a 
grandly efficient advertising scheme. 

K). "College Day" is the church's 
opportunity to relieve the pressing 
iimnediates needs of the College. A 
free-will offering of $5000 which would 
be less than thirteen cents per mem- 
ber would wonderfully lighten the 
burden carried by the College. 

17. But "College Day" ought to do 
more for the College financially than 
the little envelopes will bring in. It 
should prepare the way for larger do- 
nations and bequests. It ought to 
Wake straight the paths for the secur- 
ing of the $100,000 endowment the 
College must soon have if it is to sac- 
wed permanently. 

18. "( ollegc Day" should be ob- 
served because its saccess will add 
m >mentum to the accelerating progress 
<>f the institution, and will generate 
such hopefulness and confidence in 
the continued prosperity of Lebanon 
Valley College as will make other ef- 
forts in its behalf, much less difficult 
and strenuous. A doubtful, half-way 
success will prove :l "down-brakes" on 
the forward movement of the school 

which at this juncture it can ill af- 

19. A successful "College Day" will 
be an inspiration to the educational 
work of the whole church. Our edu- 
cational leaders need encouragement 
sadly. If we succeed in this plan 
the}- will take heart again. 

20. "College Day" has in view the 
glory of God. Praise and thanksgiv- 
ing, and the nobler praise of sacrifice 
looking to a more thoroughly equip- 
ped and powerful church in the future 
are eminently spiritual and after G-od's 
own heart. 

Suggestions for College Day. 

"College Day" is a new-comer among 
the red-letter days of the church vear. 
It is now near at hand and the coming 
of circulars and envelopes has admon- 
ished the pastor that something must 
be done. How shall I celebrate it is 
the question with many a preacher 
who is anxious to d > his whole duty 
in the matter. A few hints may be 
welcome. Those who do not need them 
are likely in the majority, but these 
are days when the rights of the minor- 
ity are carefully guarded and we pro- 

1st: Whatever you do, do not omit 
the educational address or sermon. If 
you can do no more, at least preach 
on the duty of sustaining the educa- 
tional work of the church. After the 
| sermon gather the envelopes with their 
contents. That much any pastor can 
do whether he have a station or cir- 
cuit. "Not so fast," you say, "I have 
no educational SBrmon." Well, then, 
prepare one! It will d> you good if 
it helps no one else. We suggest a 
good deal of matter in this number 
which can be utilized. Here are 
a few themes and texts on which there 
is no copyright, and which you are at 
liberty to use, if you can do no better: 

God as a Teacher, Job 4:3 or Psa. 

Education a Wise Measure, — Prov. 
1:5 or Prov 15:1-1. 

Education Necessary, — Prov. 19:2. 

Desire for an Education Pe warded, 
—Prov. 2:3. 

The Happiness of an Educated 
Man,- Prov. 3:13, or Prov. 24.4. 

Education a Constant Blessing, — 
Prov. 0:22. 

The True Basis of the Church's 

Permanent Strength, Is. 83:6 See 
Mai. 2:7. 

The Trinity of a Christian's Power, 
—2 Cor. 8:7. 

Learned Men of the Bible, — Dan. 
1:17. Moses, Solomon, Daniel, Paul. 

Perhaps instead of preaching on ed- 
ucation directly you prefer to discourse 
on the duty of giving to the Lord 
leaving the college matter for a sup- 
plementary address. In that cases tie, 
following texts and themes will be ap- 

Reasonableness of TIiank-oToriu'-- — 
1 Chron. 29:14. 

The Sacrifice of Thanks-<>lvia<v ~L 
Psa. 110:14 and 19. 

The Result of Giving to God,™ Mai 

The Blessedness of the Liberal 
Man, -Prov. 11:25. 

How to Honor God.— Prov. 3:9. 10. 

The True Riches and the True P< -.- 
erty, Prov 13:7. 

Kindly words in favor of Lebanon 
Valley College may be a part of your 
discourse, or of a separate speech. The 
record of its past, and its needs for. 
the future are presented in another 
place. This is the simplest and easi-; 
est way of celebrating "College LV.v." 

2d: In addition to the above, enter- 
prising pastors will lie found using the 
music provided for the occasion. Dis- 
tribute copies of "Songs for Cohere 
Day" among your young people or in 
the Sunday school, have your leader 
drill them on the simple song:-., nr.d 
then invite them in to your speeial 
service. This will enlarge your con- 
gregation probably, and wake more* 
general interest. With a livelv ser- 
mon, lively singing, and a lively con- 
gregation, a lively collection may be 

This scheme for "College Day" is • 
not difficult to work and is practicable 
on any circuit. 

3rd: Many pastors on stations wiil 
prefer to hold two services appropri- 
ate to the day. A regular sorvhM in 
the morning will give opportunity for 
the speeial discourse on "Education" 
or "Christian Liberality. ' In the 
evening the "Songs for College Day" 
with others selected from the Sunday- 
school s mg book will be rendered a 
paper on the history and work of 
Lebanon Valley College will be read; 
a Bible reading on "Wisdom" or 
"Thank-offerings," prepared by the 
pastor or some other competent per- 
son will be given; a few declamations 


appropriate to one or the other phases 
of the day will be spoken by some of 
the children or young people; and 
finally the envelopes will be gathered, 
old and young coming up to the altar 
find depositing on the table their en- 
velopes containing their respective 
gifts while the song, "Living Praise," 
is being sung. Properly conducted 
the day will be a delightful one to the 
church and Sunday School. 

This scheme for "College Day" 
means work: it also means success. 

Itecord of Lebanon Valle College. 

Lebanon Valley College was opened 
for instruction May 7th, I860, and in 
April 1807 Mas chartered with all the 
powers of a college. The following is 
the number of students present each 

186G-G7— 153. 

1867- 68—141. 

1868- 09—153. 

1869- 70—151. 

1870- 71—138. 

1871- 72— 1G3. 

1872- 73—139. 

1873- 74—131. 

1874- 75—124. 

1875- 7G— 116. 



79— 122. 

80— 122. 

82— 138. 

83— 134. 

1883- 84— M0. 

1884- 85—170. 

1885- 86—143. 

1886- 87—165. 

1887- 88 to 
April 23—213. 

During the 22 years of its exis- 
tence 15C0 ladies and gentlemen have 
been iu attendance. 121 have gradu- 
ated in the Collegiate department, and 
15 m the Musical department. But 
one has died. 22 have, or are taking 
post-courses; 2 are superintendents of 
public schools of instruction; 3 are 
principals of high schools; 7 are pro- 
fessors in our own and other colleges; 
25 are ministers, or are pursuing the- 
ological courses; 15 are teachers; 5 are 
teachers; 5 are attorneys- at -law; 6 are 
physicians. In fact all are occupying 
positions of trust and honor, and are 
consecrating their lives to God and 
humanity. Only about six left the 
College who were not professing 
christians. Many were converted 
while at the college. Of these who were 
not christians none to our knowledge 
have since become christians. It is a 
sad fact that a young man can com- 
2)lete a course without becoming a 
christian. His surroundings are the 
most favorable for a christian life. 
Between two and three huudred stu- 
dents have professed faith in Christ, 
while hundreds have reconsecrated 
their lives to God's services and re- 
ceived noble impulses and aspirations. 
Their work and influence of those who 
left before finishing a course and never 
graduated is greater and farther reach- 
ing than that of ever the graduates 
because there are so many more, 

and they fill a greater variety of posi- 
tions and come in contact with more 
varied phases of life. God alone can 
estimate the good resulting from im 
pressions received at the college. We 
will refer to a few of the many who 
have graduated, and alsj to a few who 
have spent several years at the college. 
Dr. Etter scarcely needs more than a 
mention, for as he is so well known 
over the church because of his conse- 
cration to his work, his ripe scholar- 
ship, and because of his work as an 
author. His "Preacher and his Ser- 
mons" is recognized as among the 
best works of the kind now published. 
His Avork on Baptism, now in press, is 
spoken of as possessing great merit 
and will meet a real need in our 

Prof. E. H. Sneath, who is a profes- 
sor in Wesleyan University, Middle- 
town, Conn., is a man of marked abli- 
ty and has won for himself a reputa- 
tion of the highest kind. Rev. H. A. 
Sechrist, of Lewisburg, Ohio, has had 
great success in his ministerial work, 
and is one of the leading members of 
his conference. Prof. W. B. Boden- 
horn, one of the first graduates, is 
Superintendent of Public Schools of 
this county. He is now serving his 
fourth consecutive term as superin- 
tendent. He has been eminently suc- 
cessful in his work, and has raised the 
schools of Lebanon county to their 
present high standard. Bev. W. O. 
Fries, principal of the Normal and 
Classical Academy, Buckhanon, W. 
Va., is doing an excellent work in that 
part of our Zion, and is placing the 
academy on a higher mental and mor- 
al plane. Revs. Shenk and Albright, 
editors of the True Believer, Presid- 
ing Elder Dohner, Sunday School In- 
structor of East Pennsylvania Confer- 
ence, and Revs C. A. Burtner, C. D. 
Harp, John H Muller, I. W. Sneath, 
S. K. Wine, S. G. Merrick, J. G. 
Steiner, Jno. O. Thrush, M. M. Burt- 
ner, M. P. Sanders, Jno. A. Lyter, 
and others are faithful earnest work- 
ers for Christ, and are leaders on all 
great questions of reform. 

Rev. A. H. Funkhouser, the founder 
of Shenandoah Lisfcitute, Dayton, Va., 
although a graduate of Otterbein, laid 
well the foundations of his education 
and to a great degree, secured the in- 
spirations and noble impulses which 
have made his life so replete with sue 
cess, at Lebanon Valley Colle?;e. 

The same is true of Professors J. N. 
Fries and Isaac A. Loos. "I he College 
claims a little credit for their scholar- 
ship, as their Collegiate course was 
pursued here, with the exception of 
senior year. Had we space, we could 
mention hundreds who are bettered 
for being at Lebanon Valley College, 
and who are doing a noble work for 
the M aster. There is scarcely a con- 
ereffation in the conferences of Penn- 

sylvania, and very few in Maryland 
and Virginia, where there are not to 
be found ex students, while many 
of the pulpits are filled by graduates 
and by these who have spent one or 
more years at the College. 

Why a "College Day." 

No doubt the question is asked by 
many, "Why is this new thing under 
the sun asked of the Christian people 
of the United Brethren Church?' The 
answer can readily be given. We are 
living in an age when it is apparent 
to all that a live church if it would re- 
tain its vitality and influence it must 
have and maintain a first-class college 
Until there is an adequate endow- 
ment this can only be done by con- 
stant donations and free-will offer 
ings. The income from tuition and 
other such sources will not be suffi- 
cient to meet the expenses of a first 
class school. This is apparent from 
the following brief statement of in- 
come and expense during the recent 
winter term of Lebanon Valley Col- 

From Tuition, 

Literarv Department $ 743.24 

Musical Department 414.92 

Art Department 101.35 

From other sources, 
Domestic Department 1779.25 




. 277.00 
. 131.00 



Prof's. Salaries, Lit. Dept. 

« Mus'l. " ... 
Art " ... 
Expenses of Domestic Dept. 
General Expenses, Coal, 
light, janitors, agent, stew- 
ard, etc., etc • 1277.58 

Total $3822.28 

Excess of Expense over 
Income $ 783.52 

This deficit in a single term demon- 
strates the necessity of help from 
without, and of "College Day" as an 
organized method of securing it. It 
shows why all should go to work in 
real earnest to make "College Day" a 
success. It will gladden your souls for 
having done what you * could in the 
name of God to relieve your College 
and to do good for the young men and 
women throughout the co-operating 
conferences. M. O. Lane, 

Financial Agent 



Mercury and Venus are morning 
stars, near each other, rising only a 
short time before sunrise. On April 
13th they are in conjunction, the 
former being- about one degree soutfl 


>t to 
le or 

d by 
!i >ple 
b are 
d re- 
f in- 







i an 
k in 
ty" a 
s for 
i the 
i and 



!v a 

of the latter. On April the 10th Mars 
is in opposition; it is in the constella- 
tion Virgo, about four degrees north 
of Spica. Jupiter rises about eleven 
o'clock, p. m., and is in Scorpio, about 
•six degrees north of Antares. Saturn 
is in Cancer and is in the western sky 
in the evening. Uranus is in opposi- 
tion with the sun on the 1th of April. 

The principal constellations visible 
during April are Lao Major and Mi- 
nor, Hydra, Virgo, Libra, Como Berni- 
ces. The Greyhounds, Bootes, North- 
ern Crown, Hercules, Lyra, Cygnus, 
Draco, Ursa Major and Minor, Cassi- 
opeia and Perseus, Taurns, Orion, 
Gemini and Canis Major and Minor. 


The following instructive experi- 
ment can be easily made by any one, 
and it shows very nicely the fact that 
cold contracts water to about 4 de- 
grees C. and then expands it. 

Fill a bottle with water not colder 
than 10 or 12 degrees C, (50 degrees 
F) close it tightly with a cork through 
which passes a small glass tube 12 or 
15 inches long. Fill the tube to with- 
in a few inches of the top, with water. 
Now place the bottle on a freezing 
mixture, made of snow or pounded 
ice two pails and salt one part 
and notice that the water in the 
gla s tube begins to sink till the 
water in the bottle comes near the 
freezing point, when, contrary to all 
law, as the cooling proceeds expansion 
begins and the water in the tube rises 
till at last it overflows the tube. To 
make the freezing mixture work well, 
keep adding salt and snow every few 
minutes in small quantities packing 
around the bottle closelv. 


We are glad to notice that some of 
our friends have spare moments to de- 
vote to the "corner". A friend from 
New Jersey sends an excellent solu- 
tion to No. 1. in February number; No. 
3 in March is neatly solved by a Har- 
rieburg friend. Nos. 4 and' 5 have 
not been solved. Odd moments spent 
on interesting problems is a paying 
investment. There is a mental disci- 
pline in it of great value, besides the 
extreme pleasure it affords. Can we 
not hear from more of our friends ? 
Surely some more of you are interest- 
ed in mathematics. 


No. 3, March. If a certain number 
multiplied by a of itself equals 1029, 
the same number multiplied by ■} of 
itself would equal \ of 1029 or 343, 
ana multiplied by 7, or itself would 
equal 2101. Hence the number equals 
tho square root of 2401 or 49. 

G. G. Mumma. 

No. 1, February: 

AC=CB=CE=ED=12 in. 
CD=CB-t< BD. 
; ( CD=16.9705. 

The following proportion is evident: 

AD: BD: : AC: BO 

BD=CD — CB= 4.9705 
AD=CD-7< AC=28.9705 
28.9705 : 4.9705 :: 12 : BO 
from which BO = 2.0588 

2 BO or diameter of sphere drop- 
ped behind large sphere is 4.1176. 

The solution for finding diameter 
of sphere that can be placed behind 
large sphere is similar. CD and AD 
are then diagonals of a cube instead 
of a square and their lengths are easi- 
ly found. A similar proportion brings 
a result of 6.4306 as the diameter. 
The figure cannot well be constructed. 

Rev. H. T. Denlingeh 


No. 6. What fraction is § more 
than |? 

What fraction is § less than |? 

No. 7. A ladder is set up square 
against a building, the foot of 
the ladder is drawn out hor- 
izontally 20 feet,andthat low- 
ers the top 4 feet. How long 
is the ladder 1 

No. 8. A reaper which cuts 5| feet 
wide is drawn 9 times around 
a ten-acre field whose length 
is four times its breadth. 
How many acres of grain are 
left standiim - ? 


President Lorenz has moved into 
his new home. It is a model of con- 
venience and neatness. 

Mr. C. Smith has secured the larg- 
est number of subscribers for the 
Forum during the past month. 

Professors Snoke and Stauffer who 
are assisting the Faculty in the Nor- 
mal department are doing excellent 

Mr. Warren Thomas, a former stu- 
dent, paid us a pleasant visit at the 

close of last term. He is now attend- 
ing Lafayette. 

Miss Allie Kutz who was home two 
weeks, because of sore eyes, returned 
at the opening of the Spring term, and 
is now regularly pursuing her studies. 

Messrs. W. D. Shupe and Anselm 
V. Heister, class of '87, spent several 
days, over Easter, visiting friends in 
town. Their visit at the college was 
very much appreciated. 

Mr. Maurice E. Brightbill was mar- 
ried to Miss Millie Weidman, class of 
'81, on March 8th. They have our 
best wishes for a long, prosperous and 
happy life with just enough of the 
shadows to make the sunshine more 

Mrs. Bierman, wife of Prof. Bier- 
man, who for many years had charge 
of the department of mathematics, 
visited Professors Lehman and Dean- 
er and other friends on her return 
from the Woman's Missionary Meet- 
ing held at Hummelstown. 

Mr. Geo. R. Shenk, class of '87, has 
been confined to his bed with a severe 
attack of dysentery and sore throat. 
He is convalescing, and it is hoped 
that he will be able to attend the 
Spring term of lectures in Jefferson 
Medical College. 

Mr. Harry Thomas and Miss Sue 
Groff, both former students, were 
married on April 3rd,at the home of 
the bride's parents at Steelton. Our 
best wishes they have for a long life 
of usefulness. May they be united in 
the Lord, and may they be faithful to 
the voice of duty and of God, and that 
that true joy and happiness which the 
world can not give, may be meted out 
upon them in its fullness and richness. 


The "Kings Daughters" of Lebanon 
Valley College were represented at the 
Branch meeting of the Wonan's Mis- 
sionary Association which met at 
Hummelstown on March 28th, by four 
of its members. They report a pleas- 
ant and profitable meeting. The 
amount raised for the last vear was 
$10. The "Daughters" thank the 
gentlemen for their kindly help in 
making up this sum at the Missionary 

The Chapel Lectures of the Winter 
term closed with Prof. Deaner's well 
received talk on "Home, the Basis of 
Society." No care can be too great 
to create and keep alive in the minds 
of young people a right conception of 
the home. As the nursery school of 
morality and religion, the source of 
supply of all intellectual and national 
life it has a vital, most vital, relation 
to society in general. 

Prof. Bowman opened the jo course 


the present term with a chemical im- 
veiling of the "Hidden Forces in Na- 
ture." It was an appeal to the eye 
and ear, especially the ear, compelling 
belief as to the almost incredible re- 
sults of certain mixtures. 

Prof. Lehman spoke on "Mud," not 
literally, but dwelt on the shoddy 
found in every department of life. He 
advised all to blacken the heel as well 
as the front of the shoe. Be thorough 
for its own sake. It contained much 
that was helpful to the student and 
elicited repeated peals of laughter. 

Col. Eob't. Cowden, Sec'y. of U. B. 
Sunday School Board, has sent us a 
framed diploma of the Bible Normal 
Union, to be placed in the college, as 
a means of bringing the Union before 
the students. At present there is a 
class of ten ladies and gentlemen pur- 
suing the course. They have taken 
the first three seals, and will complete 
the fourth this term. Appropriate 
services will be held on the afternoon 
of Baccalaureate Sabbath. 


The Art Department is quite full 
and the pupils are hard at work culti- 
vating their preeeptions and patience. 
The studio has been improved by 
fresh paint and paper, which adds 
much to its appearance. The little 
jug yielded quite a sum, and further 
improvements may be looked for in 
the near future. 

The Music Department of the col- 
lege has opened this term with good 
prospects, fifteen new names have 
been added to the list of pupils. This 
increase has necessitated the renting 
of another piano, we have seven in- 
struments now in use from early 
morning till late in the evening. 

Between six and seven dozen chairs 
have been placed in the recitation 
rooms through the solicitations of 
students. The recitation rooms are 
much more home-like and comfortable. 
Several dozen more are needed and 
plans are being inaugurated to secure 

Professors Ebersole and Deaner and 
Miss Sheldon, the committee on Li- 
brarv, have catalogued the books and 
will prepare a card catalogue. The 
committee have secured curtains for 
the windows which adds greatly to 
the beauty of the room and protects 
the books from the strong light. The 
library is used very much by the stu- 
dents and is open every day in the 
week except Wednesday. 

'] he college has secured a complete 
surveying outfit, consisting of an ex- 
cellent Surveyor's transit, chain, pins, 
and leveling rod, all manufactured by 
the well known firm of W. & L. E. 
Surlev, Troy, N. Y. 

The transit is their new reconnm- j 
sane, complete in every part, furnished 
with micrometer or stadia wires, and ! 
is a very fine instrument. 
£ Classes in surveying and Trigonom- 
etry are already making good use of it. 

The Normal department of the Col- 
lege is proving even a larger success 
than was expected and for a week or 
two strained the faculties that had 
been provided. But additional pro- 
visions was soon made and now the 
normal students are well cared for and 
doing enthusiastic work. I he stu- 
dents are well pleas 3d with the work 
of Processor's Snoke and Staufier. 

The other departments of the Col' 
lege are no less successful, Prof. Dea- 
ner has the largest class in Latin les- 
sons ever known in the College. 
Many of the Normal students expect 
to retain next fall and begin a regular 
course. In this r sp ct th i futaro is 
notably promising. '1 h ■ class s in 
high r mathematics ar • all of th m 
iarg • and ar : d >iny enthusiastic and 
careful work under the care of Pro* 
Lehman. Even that aristocratic 
branch of the College, th ! Gr < k d 
partm nt, r ports growth in m mh rs, 
Prof. Eb rsoh-'s thorough work find- 
ing high appreciation. 


Kalozetea ! Literary S >ei ty. 

The first thing in the minds of all 
at present is anniversary. We are 
making every effort to have a pleasant 

Messrs. Blecker and Beider who 
were students here last year are again 
with us. 

Mr. Curt. Shoop, another of last 
year's students, make a short call sev- 
eral days ago. He was on his way to 
Poughkeepsie, New York, where he 
intends entering Eastman Business 

Mr. Edgar M. Ike, who was a stu- 
dent here in '84 and '85 was several 
days ago graduated at Jefferson Med- 
ical College. 

Rev. J. N. Munden paid us a visit 
several weeks ago. He is at present 
stationed at Braddock, Pa. 

Sir. Harry Thomas, of Johnstown, 
Pa., was on April 3, married to Miss 
Sue Gruff, of Steelton, Pa. 

W. J. Gardner, who, on account of 
his health, boarded out last term, is 
again rooming in the building. The 
Society, in tins issue of the Fobum, 
extends her sympathies to him. in the 
loss of his friend D. H. Burtner, who 
left us last term. 


An anniversary is a serious as well 
as a joyous occasion. The eleventh 
anniversary of the Kalozetean Liter- 
ary Society on the evening of April (!. 

declared to the people of Annville 
that the society records mark the pas- 
sage of a year into the unreturning 
past ; though the celebration of the 
hour afforded an agreeably profitable 
entertainment rather than sorrowful 
reflection. The audience generally 
on such occasions early strain the ca- 
pacity of the College chapel, and sit 
;in judgment upon the decorations 
until the speakers make their appear- 
ance. On the wall of the slight re- 
cess back of the rt strum hung the 
society silken banner arched above by 
j the letters K. L. S. iu evergreen. 
1 The high windows in the same wall 
each had blooming plants on a pedes- 
tal, and delicate vines of green make 
pendants for the chaiidjliers, two 
large blooming lilies one on each side 
of the president's chair stood like 
guards by an ancient monarch's 
throne. The seats of the performers 
t« > the right were imbedded in a mas i 
of blooming geraniums with a back- 
ground of living green. 'I he side 
windows had flowers, and to the front 
of the rostrum, one on either side, 
were two mounds of tastefully blend- 
ed plant life colors. Miss Sheld m of 
the Department of Art deserves the 

At 7.80 the officers and speakers 
appeared on the rostrum. President 
Kindt announced invocation by Pres. 
Lorenz and that the programme would 
be followed as printed. 

Mr. J. T. Spaugler's oration on 
"Where the Honey is, There are the 
Bees," had the virtue of inspiring 
thought beyond its words, while com- 
plete in itself. Whatever offers men 
scope for their mental and spiritual 
tastes is a load-stone in intellectual, 
national and religious life. American 
government and the religion being 
the sweetness that tends to cluster 
' about them not individually only, but 
; communities, states and nations. 

Mr. I. 3. Swartzread "The Witch's 
Daughter," from YVhittier with the spi- 
: rit and the understanding also. Mr. 
J. A. Shoemaker recited "Arnold at 
Stillwater," with stirring tone, and 
and graceful movements, displaying 
considerable talent. He partook of 
\ the martial spirit thoroughly and sus- 
tained it. well. 

Mr. H. A. Walmer appeared with a 
: humorous reading and succeeded 
in keeping the audience well em- 
ployed, while he presanted "A New 
Cure for Rheumatism," from Burdette. 

Mr. W. It. Kindt delivered " The 
Execution of Montrose," taking well 
the oscillations between sorrow and 
indignation, though at a little disad- 
vantage in voice froai a cold. 

Mr. E <). Burtner read well a good 
essay on "Art and Artists," treated 
historically, giving America due con- 

Mr. G W. Balsbangh presented I 


lec^thy but thoroughly interesting ora- 
tion on "Americans Indebted to the Bi- 
ble." The Bible is the source of all prin- 
ciples of freedom, civil and religious, 
and hence the rock on which Ameri- 
can government is built. 

Mr. S. J. Evers, editor, read in 
clear tone the "Budget," monthly hu- 
morous with illustrations from life. 
It evidenced consid arable care and 
wit. The music was an enjoyable 
feature. The five rendition.-, of the 
Washington Cornet Band of Annville 
Avere more than excellent. The Gui- 
tar solo by Mr. D. W. Shupe was so 
well received that he was called out 
a second time. In addition there 
were two quartetts by Messrs Spong- 
ier, Burtner, Walmer and Kindt, ac- 
companied by the skillful touches of 
Miss Evers upon the piano. 

Upon the whole the anniversary 
was a right royal occasion. 

PMlokosmian Literary Society. 

Esse Quam Videri. 

Quite a number of additions to the 
membership is reported. 

Prompted by zeal for the Society, 
Mr. G. L. Shaeffer succeeded in inter- 
esting- a sufficient number of friends 
and members to secure two fine lamps 
for the hall. Such enterprise ought 
to be appreciated by the membership, 
and kindly remembered. 

Corporal .las. Tanner lectured to a 
full house on the evening of the 19th 
inst., on the subject, "Soldier Life, 
Grave and Gay." Ever}- body was 
delighted while for two hours the lect- 
urer pictured army life and drew les- 
sons therefrom. This was the most 
successful lecture of the course. 

'J he P. L. S. has grown until the 
seating capa ity of the hall is scarcely 
sufficient to accommodate the active 
membership. Although the available 
space ssemed all occupied, a dozen 
new chairs have been secured ; so that 
there is yet room. 

On Thursday, March £th,Mr. Mail- 
rice Erightbill entered into solemn 
engagement to journey through life 
with Miss Millie WeidnTan of clas3 '81, 
Mr. B. has been a faithful worker in 
the Society, and now when entering 
new relations in life, his Philokosinian 
brethren join ha wishing him prosper- 
ity and long continued conj ugal felicity. 
Quite a number of ex-members were 
present at the wedding, among whom 
were S. P. Light, C. J. Barr and C. H. 

The lecture by John DeWitt .Miller 
on the 7th inst.', was highly appreci- 
ated, though not so well attended as 
it deserved to be. His subject, Love 
~°urtship and Marriage, was present- 
ed in the various phases of the ludi- 
crous, the amusing, the grave and the 
Pathetic. Owing to Mr. Miller's (•on 

templated visit to Europe, his lecture 
here was given at an earlier date than 
that previously appointed. 

The lecture committee and the So- 
ciety in general, feel like giving ex- 
pression to then- appreciation of the 
liberal patronage of the lecture course. 
Faculty, students and citizens came 
nobly to our support. Yet upon the 
whole we believe the entertainments 
to have been worth to each one, many 
times the cost. Who does not enjoy 
a good lecture, has reached one of two 
extremes, either of which is, tj say 
the least, an unfortunate state. 

Ciionian L itei ary Society. 

A number of the ladies spent the 
Spring vacation at their homes. On 
their return were happy to greet so 
many new students, some of whom 
have already given their names as 
members of the Society. 

Miss Nettie Swartz received a very 
pleasant call from her uncle Mr. 
I harles Brown, from Los Angles, Cal. 

Misses Lena Erb, Naomi Witman, 
Anna and Katie Reed attended the 
branch meeing of the Woman's Mis- 
sionary Association held at Humniels- 

One by one they leave us. March 6 
Mr. Morris Brightbill and Miss Millie 
Weidman. Their future home will be 
in Annville. April 3rd, Mr. H. D. 
Thomas, of Johnstown and Miss Sue 
Groff, of Steelton. They went imme- 
diately to the former place where a 
home is awaiting them. 'J he best 
wishes of the societv accompany them 

Miss Burtie Keefer gave us a very 
pleasant call during her stav in Ann- 

Miss Naomi Witman spent Easter 
at her home. 

We were the happy recipients of an 
invitation to attend the anniversary 
of the Kalozetean Literary on April 
6th, which was gladly accepted. 

Miss Emma Kreideris now in Phila- 
delphia where she expects to remain 
for several months. 

Misses Allie Kutz and Hattie Mady 
were obliged to give up school for a 
few weeks on account of . sickness. — 
Both have now returned and are ac- 
tively at work. 


Natural Law in the Business 
World by Henry Wood, published by 
Lee & Shepherd, Boston, Mass. pp. 
222, price, paper SO cts, bound 75 

This is a very readable book on 
what is usually esteemed a dry and 
uninteresting theme. The reign of 
law in the business world is clearly 
and pleasantly emphasized. The 

topics selected are all practical- — are 
all "topics of the day." It will prove 
a suggestive book to many who have 
been confused and befogged by recent 
socialistic theories. Yet there is a 
lack of appreciation as might bs ex- 
pected of the economic force of indi- 
vidual decision and desire. There is 
natural law in the business world, but 
that law djes n;)t rule daspotically or 
alone. Above the the reign of natu- 
ral law is the empire of the human 
mind and will. 


In a well-regulated family the com- 
ing of a monthly magazine is an event 
of joy and of general satisfaction. 
We pity the homes into which these 
charming monthly visitors do not 
come. They are a breath from the 
greater world without which can not 
but be inspiring and helpful. They 
are to many homes the only oppor- 
tunity for general culture. 

The Qenturg for April is a vary 
bright number. The "Life of Lin- 
coln" is developing like a well-planned 
tragedy with accelerating interest. 
Mr. Alfred Vail's delayed credit for a 
large share of the valuable features of 
Moore's system of telegraphing is a 
surprise and makes interesting read- 
ing. Eggleston's "The Graysons" has 
several exciting chapters. The other 
departments of the magazine also have 
valuable papers. 

Scvibner's comes to us this month 
bright with illustrations of Waterloo, 
Gibraltar, Greek Vases and other 
happy themes. "The Town of the 
Holy Children" is a Mexican story of 
such interest as to add proof if proof 
We needed that Americans are easily 
ahead in the art of telling short 

The\Fbrum for April is as broad in 
its scope and as thorough in its 
treatment of its themes as ever. 
There is none of the monthlies so well 
calculated to- quicken the weary and 
dull mind of the pastor as the steady 
perusal of this excellent review and no 
surer antidote against the narrowness 
which threatens the ideas and sympa- 
thies of the routine-ridden preacher. 


A Heathen's Idea of Death . 

A fourth cause remains, which 
seems most of all to distress and to 
make uneasy our time of life, the 
nearness of death, which certainly can- 
not be far from old age. Oh wretch- 
ed old man, who in so long a life has 
not seen that death, ought to be de- 
spised. Which either ought to be 
wholly regarded with indifference, if 
it entirely annihilates the mpid, or it 
ought to be sought if it leads it to that 
place where it will be immortal. Yet 



no third state can be fouhd. Why, 
therefore, should I fear, if after death 
they will not be miserable or be happy. 
Yet who is so foolish, even if he is 
young, that it may be assured to him 
that he will live till evening ! Nay, 
even that time of life has many more 
liabilities of death than ours. Youth 
more easily falls into diseases, becomes 
becomes more dangerously sick, is 
cured with more difficulty, therefore, 
few reach old age. This so happens 
that we should live better and more 
prudently, for intelligence, reflection 
and judgment all found in old men. — 
If there had been more there could 
not have been any stated at all. But 
I return to the impendence' of death. 
What is that accusation of death, since 
you see it to be common to Youth? 
Scipio, I have observed in my bast 
son, you, in your, brothers, in antici- 
pation of the highest honor that death 
is common to every period of life. — 
Yet a youth hopes that he will live a 
long time, which hope an old man 
can not have. He unwsely hopes for 
what is more foolish than to consider 
uncertainties as certainties, falsehoods 
as truths. Truely an old man has 
nothing to hope for; but he is in a bet- 
ter state than a young man, since he 
obtained that for which the other 
hopes. The one wishes to live long, 
the other has lived long, and yet, good 
gods! what is there in man's life that 
it long? For, grant the longest period; 
let us consider the age of the king of 
the Tastessii. For there was, as I see 
it recorded, a certain Arganthonius at 
Gades who reigned eighty years and 
lived one hundred and twenty. But 
to me that does not seem long, in 
which there is an end. But when 
that comes, then that which has passed 
hac vanished : that only remains which 
you have secured by virtue and right 
actions. Hours indeed depart, and 
days and months and years ; nor does 
the past ever return, nor can it be 
known what may follow. What time 
is given to each to live live he ought 
to be content with that, for neither 
must the play be performed by the 
actor that it may please, neither need 
the w T ise one live till the end of the 
play. For the short time of life is 
sufficiently long for living well and 
honestly. But if you should proceed 
further in life, you need not grieve 
more than farmers grieve after the 
sweetness of spring has passed, that 
summer and aiatumn has come. For 
spring is an emblem of youth, and 
promise of future fruits, moreover the 
remaining time is used in gathering 
and storing the fruits. Now the fruits 
of old age are the memory and abund- 
ance of blessings procured. In fact, 
all things which happen in accordance 
with nature are regarded among bless- 
ings. Moreover what is so agreeable 
to nature as for old men to die V which 

even happens to the young, yet nature 
opposes and resists. Thus the young 
seem to me to die as when the f >rce 
of the flame is extinguished by a flood 
of water; on the contrary, old men as 
the spent ffre, goes out spontaneously 
no violence being used. As the fruits, 
if given, are plucked with difficulty 
from the trees, if mature and mellow, 
fall off, so force takes life from youth, 
maturity from old age. That which 
to me is so agreeable that the nearer 
I approach to death, I seem as it were 
to see the land and at length to be 
about to come from a long journey in- 
to the haven. 


Bright Eyes at the Academy. 

The fifty eighth annual exhibition 
of the Pennsylvania Aoademy of Fine 
Arts "tthijh has just closed, was un- 
doubtedly the best collection of pic- 
tures which has been seen on the 
Academy walls for many years. 

Besides the more notable work of 
resident artists, a number of Ameri- 
can painters residing in Paris are rep- 
resented by several excellent examples. 
The remarkable picture by Julian 
Stony occupies the place of honor. — 
The subject is an episode of the French 
Revolution and is considered one of 
the strongest pictures ever executed 
by an American. 

C. S. Kinehart exhibits a realistic- 
piece of work, Washed Ashore" which 
received the gold medal. H. R. But- 
ler was awarded the silver medal for 
his "La Recote de Valeche" about a 
third of the exhibitors are women and 
among the other prises awarded Miss 
E. Bonsall received the Mary Smith 
prize for her "Paying the model." W. 
T. Richards, a favorite among Phila- 
delphia artists, exhibitid "Summer 
Clouds," one of his pleasing sea pieces. 
Prof. Hoenden, under whose direction 
the Academy seems to have had a 
prosperous year sends an exquisite 
painting, "The Favorite Falcon." 

Among the interesting sketches in 
the water color room, were A. B. 
Frost's illustrations for several maga- 
zine articles. Fr. Frost is color-blind, 
but has a most delicate preception of 
light shade as these pen and ink pic- 
tures indicrte. 

The attendance was good through- 
out, and on Thursdays the additional 
attraction of the Germania Orchestra 
concerts drew the lovers of music as 

any degree of power in the musical 
world, or play with fair execution or 
brilliancp- — the studies and pieces, 
of higher grades. We can only ac- 
quire that porer by a careful grade of 
tecuic; this necessitates weeks of 
earnest, faithful practice on the part 
of the pupill. 

When the physical part of the edu- 
cation is under the control, the pupil 
has only to give himself up to the 
study and application of the musical 
elements, which is known as the soul 
or the life in the composition. 

We must insist then, upon our pu- 
pils taking a proper amount of scale,, 
arpeggio, octave, thirds, sixths and. 
other exercises written principally to 
overcome the weakness of the hand 
and wrist. "Technic is the founda- 
tion of piano-forte playing, execution 
is the frame-work and expression the 
ornamental and finishing touch to 
our musical education." The teacher 
must, however, exercise jueginent in 
regard to the amount of this kind of 
work, too much is not advisable, but 
the true teacher will will study care- 
fully the wants of his or her pupils. 

Piano Technics. 

We are frequently asked why we 
do not give our pupils pieces of music 
in the beginning of their course of 
study, instead of drilling them so long 
upon technics. If we hope to attain 

Treasure Thoughts. 

Oh ! when I remember how many 
good and great books there are — - 
books which a life-time conld not ex- 
haust, books every one of which would 
make the true reader wiser, better, 
nobler, — loftier in intellectual stature 
and in moral strength, — and which 
yet are left unread, — I stand amazed 
to think of that silent assembly of 
uncrowned kings which is beckoning 
to us in vain, while yet we will not ask 
the philosopher for the gathered 
treasures of his wisdom, or the orator 
for the thunder of his eloquence, or 
the poet for the magic of his song. 

Every book worth calling a 1 >ook is 
written with an object. 


Never was anything good, or true, 
or wise, written or spoken, without the 
inspiration of God's Holy Spirit, and 
in reading such words you read a rev- 
elation of Him. Books, which are 
"the true reliquaries of the saints, but 
without imposture," — books which 
with a potent yet innocent necromancy 
enable uh to wake from their dim 
tombs the spirits of the dead, — books 
which are the heart's blood of great 
men "embalmed for a life beyond life" 
— they are well-nigh the richest priv- 
ilege and quite the worthiest, the 
most unshaken and incorruptible 
friends we can possess. 


The language of fervour must )>e 
fresh from the soul, if it aims at kind- 
ling any answering glow. 


VOL. I. 

ANN VILLE. PA. MAY, 1838. 



Key. E. S. Lokepz 4. M. , President. 
II. Clay Dkaner, A. >L, 1'rofessjr cf Latin . 
Geo. W. Cowman, A. M., Professor nf Sciono 
J. K. LtBMAH, A.M, Professor of Mathematics 
Key. W. S. Ereusole. A. M., Professor of Grcelc 
Miss Alice M. Evers, B. S. 

Professor of Instrumental Mu>ic, 
Miss Alice K. Gingrich, M. A. 

Professor of Vocal Culture. 
Miss F. Adelaide Sheldon, l'rofissor it Art. 

mortality to the name of the success- 
ful merchant, and add very largely to 
the forces for righteousness and truth 
in our commonwealth throughout all 
generations" until He come." 

Clionian Society -M its Anna It llBBH. 
I'hiloko.-mian Society— Rkv S. L>. Faust. 
Kalozetean Society — J. T. Stangler. 

Rev. M. O. Lank, Financial Agent. 

All communications or items of news should 
be sent to tlie President. Subscriptions sho j.ld 
be sent to the Publishing Agent. 

Tlie COLLEGE rouu.1t will be sent men' li- 
ly for one year on receipt of twenty- live cents 
Siibsc iptions received at anytime. 

For terms of advertising, address (he Pub- 
lishing Agent. 

Now that "College Day" has work- 
ed interest in education in general 
and in Lebanon Volley College in par- 
ticular, the pastor will find it an op- 
portune time to urge upon his young 
people and upon their parents the 
advisabilit} T of their deciding to enter 
this institution in the autumn. We 
had a large increase this year, but 
our ambition is to raise the attend- 
ance from 215 to SOO next year. We 
propose leaving nothing undone 
that can aid in reaching this result ; 
will our friends help us in realizing 
our deesire? 

Entered at the Post Oflicc at Annvillc, Pa., as 
second class mail matter. 


Some of our Alumni and other 
friends have been intending to send 
m the quarters which would render 
them subscribers in good standing, 
out as yet their good intentions have 
not ripened into deeds. While other 
beautiful things are growing we 
should like to see our subscription 
list grow in the same beautiful way. 
Friends, please help our subscription 
list to grow. 

We call attenti m to the sketch of 
life of Mr. Eittinger prepared by 
D. Eberly for the monthly pub- 
lished by the Pennsylvania college, 
the kindly record of a busy 
e — "not slothful in business, serving 
6 Lord/' crowned by a wise bencfic- 
ence will bring an earthly ira- 

The earnest efforts of many of our 
pastors to make "College Day" a suc- 
cess meet kindly appreciation on the 
part of those who have the burden 
of the College to carry. Without 
th ir efficient and painstaking cooper- 
ation, the day would, of course, have 
proved a disastrous failure. Many of 
them report that they have been 
abundantly rewarded by the interest 
and life, spiritual and social, which 
the services of "College Day" called 
forth. But their reward is yet to 
come. The Lord bless our faithful 
earnest brethren of the ministry who 
have labored so nobly both in public 
and in private in behalf of Lebanon 
Valley College. 

"The College Forum is a splendid pa- 
per and just what is needed, but why 
doesn't it appear more promptly?" asks 
a good brother, echoing the feeling of 
hundreds of our friends. Now that 

question puts us in a dilemma. If we 
should say that we put the "copy" of 
the April "Forum" into the printer's 
hands over three weeks before it ap- 
peared, it would roll all the responsi- 
bility for the delay on the printer. 
But we do not wish to say that for it 
would bo unkind to the printer (all 
the unkinder that it is true!) and we 
do not wish to be unkind tj him for 
he is a clever good fellow whom we 
esteem very highly and whoso only 
fault was that in his enterprising 
good nature he accepted more work 
than he was prepared to complete in 
the specified time. As we waver bo- 
tween the desire to justify ourselves 
and the wish to be kind to our typo- 
graphical friend our patrons will sym- 
pathize with us and will not insist on 
a categorical answer to the question 
which opens this note. 

Ir the United Brethren Church is 
to do as much for the education of its 
youth as other churches are doing, it 
must do more! The co-operating 
conferences of Dickinson College have 
a membership of over 200,000, while 
those of Lebanon Valley College have 
a little over 40.000. The dispropor- 
tion of means is still more striking. 
What conclusion are we to draw from 
these facts? That our College is to 
have only one-fifth the support and 
jonsequently only one-fifth of the fa- 
cilities of the other? That United 
Brethren young people are to have 
but one-fifth the educational advanta- 
ges accorded to Methcdirit youth? 
That conclusion were a wrong to the 
rising generation of our denomination 
and a still greater wrong to the church 
itself, and we can not accept it. The 
only conclusion left is that our people 
must be five times as earnest, five 



times as enterprising, five times as lib- 1 i u another column will be found a 
eral in their support of the educational i report of a few of the charges which 


work as are the Methodists! 

Our commencement practically be 
gins June 10th. The following excr- 
cises may be expected : 

Sunday June 10th a. m., Baccalaur- 
eate sermon by President Lorenz. 

Sunday, June 10th p. m., annual 
sermon by the pastor, Rev. J. R. Mer- 

Monday, June 11th, 3 p. to., meeting 
of the Board of Trustees. 

Monday, June 11th, 7:30 p. m., Com- 
mencement of Department of Music, 

Tuesday, June 12th, 7:30 p. m., Pub- 
lic Meeting of the Alumna! Associa- 

Wednesday, June 13th, 7-30 p. m., 
Annual address before Literary Socie- 

Thursday, June 14th, a. m., Com- 
mencement Exercises. 

Every reader of the Forum is kind- 
ly invited to be present. A commit- 
tee has been appointed to provide en- 
tertainment for all and a hearty wel- 
come is extended. Do not wait for a 
personal inv.tation but come. 

A comparison of the attendance 
this year with that of last in spite of 
the inauspicious opening shows an in- 
crease of fifty students. Tins grati- 
fying enlargement of our circle of 
patrons awakens hope and kindles en- 
thusiasm, but also arouses our appre- 
hensions for the future. Twenty 
more students than are now in atten- 
dance would lill our chapel. Already 
our halls are so crowded between rec- 
itations that it is almost impossible to 
get about: We have no room for 
growth with our present facilities. 
During the Fall and Winter terms we 
need have no particular fears of ex- 
ceeding our present capacity ; but the 
Spring term of next year, if the pres- 
ent growth and interest continue, will 
demand the addition of more room 
either by erecting a new building or 
by renting available halls or rooms in 
the village. This means expense, 
means that we must have more finan- 
cial help; and not that wo can help 
ourselves. The growth of the College 
therefore adds to the responsibility 
of the church. We re : oicc to believe 

have celebrated "College Day". While 
the majority of those who have ob-' 
served the day have not yet reported, 
enough have day Bo to prove that the 
day i3 a large success, measured by our 
anticipations at least. Probably not 
less than a thousand dollars will be 
contributed towards the current ex- 
penses of our institution, at least 
enough to lighten the burden and 
make it endurable. Considering the 
lateness of the formation of the plan 
and the consecpient shortness of the 
time remaining for the pushing of 
the measure, and considering that it 
was a new plan not fully understood 
by the people, and even perhaps by 
some of the ministers we can record 
it as a success. About a year ago a 
"College Day" was announced by the 
authorities of Otterbein University in 
behalf of that institution, but al- 
though it was urged most earnestly 
through the "Telescope"' in all its co- 
operating territory only one congre- 
gation observed the day. Compared 
with that, our "College Day" has been 
a triumphant success. The difference 
is due not to the College authorities 
but to the enterprise of our ministers 
here in the East and the gene osity 
of their people. Moreover the gen- 
eral expression is that next year 
they will do even better things than 
have been accomplished during the 
Sabbaths of this month. 

What Shall Wc Do? 

One of our alumni whose heart beats 
warm for Lebanon Valley College re- 
ports that although he did his utmost 
his people would not support him in his 
"College Day" effort, giving as a reason 
that we had published in this paper the 
statement that the excess of expense 
over income was over seven hundred dol 
lars for one term. Now we are sure that 
our friend's people are good and gen- 
erous and mean to be perfectly kindly 
and reasonable: but so far we have been 
unable to find their point of view. We 
were impressed that if the breth 
ren without knew how badly we needed 
help they would treat us generously. 
We frankly state the case, that we had 
a deficit of seven hundred odd dollars 
last term as a basis for inference what 
we need for the whole }*ear. But when 
we expose our poverty some real good, 
well-meaning people tell us they will 
that our people will cheerfully aid : not support us because we are poor! If 

fit of nearly eight hundred dollars iafifc 
term would they have helped uS ? 

If we expose our painful needs these 
friends refuse to help because we d > 
need help so badly —should we report 
an even balance sheet, or a. profit, tlv 1 
would say that wo ncid no h'lp. 
What shall we do? 

Now there maybe two possible diree= 
tions given to the objection our honored 
alumnus reports; either it lies against 
our frank publication of the real facts 
or against the fact of a deficit. 

Mow it is the settled policy of the 
present administration to steadily i'e^ 
port all the facts concerning the mm 
dition and management of Lebanon 
Valley College be those facts favorable 
or unfavorable a knowledge of 
only the favorable facts may 
be pi asant while they last but 
the grief and discouragement into 
which they will inevitably fall will bJ 
all the bitterer for the previous delu 
sion. We do not propose to allow our 
hopes to delude us or lead us into self- 
deception, nor d ) we propose to show 
the church only the rosy side of the 
situation. That may have been gooi 
policy in the past -we are fortunate 
Ly not called to sit in judgment oil 
the past! — but we do not believe thai 
it is at this juncture of affairs. Thd 
church has been clamoring for 
knowledge of the internal workings 
of the College and we believe 
it has a right to know all ab >ut 
it. This is not a private corporation 
but a public institute >n. It may have 
been unwise to piiblish as frankly as 
we have our financial condition bat 
we greatly fear- — indeed we expect 
that the same unwisdom will be man 
ifest again and again ! 

But perhaps our friends • do 
not object so seriously to the 
publication of the facts as they 
do the facts themselves. We sympa- 
thize heartily in that feeling for we 
ourselves bitterly object to the facts 
There ought to ba no deficit ! There 
would be none if the College were 
properly provided for by the churcl 1 
As long as there is no endowmen 
fmid of at least 8100,000, there will 
be a deficit. There is no College in 
all the land without an endowment 
fund that does not show a deficit. 
Lafayette College has an annual dej| 
cit of $20,000 although it has seveij 
hundred thousand dollars eudowmea 
and its fees are much higher than ours 
are. A college cannot run on its re{| 
ular income any more than a mis-uor.- 
ary society. It is a benevolent insti- 
tution where students get twice as 
much as they pay for. Our advancef 
students pay $40 a year for tuition 
That tuition co\>t> the College fiv« 
time that sum. The senior class no^ 
in the College pays $100 for tuition 
To teach them costs the College not 

a growing, successful enterprise.' [ wt had published that we had had a pro- ^less than $1000. The Junior class 


s 31< >£■ 
ice rt s 
c five 
■» nofl| 
e uot 
lass is 

a little larger and the percentage of 
\t S3 is somewhat less. The Prepara- 
tory Department with Normal might 
1 ie made to run itself, but the Colle- 
o-iate Department loses largely. How 
shall we reduce these losses ? Shall 
we dismiss half the faculty ? Then 
the majority of our students will go 
elsewhere and our college will he of 
so low a grade of efficiency that it 
will be a disgrace to the church. 

Shall we cut down the salarh s of 
the prof - ssors? Th y are now r< c iv- 
ing. salari' s that are a disgrace to the 
church, salari' s only ont -third as large 
as thos : r c iv d by prof* ssors in 
many oth r institutions doing the 
same gradi of work. 

There will be a deficit this year, a 
painfully large deficit. There has 
been one every year in the history of 
the College. During the last twenty- 
one years there has been an aggregate 
deficit of about $75,000 or an average 
of oyer $3500 per year. There will 
continue to be deficit and increase of 
debt until the college secures an in- 
ocme of not less than $2500 each year 
from "College Day" returns or from 
an endowment fund. And if the Col- 
lege is to keep pace with the colleges 
of other churches about it that sum 
must be doubled. 

We state these facts frankly and 
fearlessly. They cannot be gainsaid. 
Only those whose lack of of experience 
in the management of a college hin- 
ders them from forming a correct 
judgment in the matter will venture 
to gainsay them. 

Causes of Death. 

The following scheme shows the 
proportion of deaths, from the stated 
known causes, in the United States, 
based on the tenth census, 1880, as 
set forth in the volume on death rate 
statistics just received at the College 
library. Wo must ascribe to alcohol 
the title of Giant Death Dealer, the 
number of whose victims is represent- 
ed by the longest line. Suicide causes 
the next greatest number of deaths. 
The American nation has compara- 
tively little to fear from the ravages 
of natural diseases: 



■ Accidents and Injuries. 

— Urinary Diseases. 
-Diseases of Bones and Joints. 
~— Pneumonia. 
" —Disease of Nervous System. 

" Malaria, 

Scarlet Fever. 
- Diphtheria. 
" - Consumption. 
— Cancer. 

'•College Day" Reports. 

0j % a small proportion of those 

who celebrated "College Day" have 
as yet reported as we go to press. A 
full report by conferences will appear 
in our next issue. Most handsome 
amounts are sent in several instances 
and some of the smaller figures are 
among them. The following are the 
charges whose pastors have reported' 
up to May 17th: 

Ch.uigk. Pastor. Am't. 

Annville. .T. It. Meredith $52.05 

Yorkist U. I!. Olnmh.,J. II. Albright 28.10 

Baltimore 5th Church. C. W. Stinospring. 7.09 

Steel ton L. Peter? 

York 2nd Li. 1$. Church..!. T. Shaf er 8.00 

Lancaster F. 15. Funk 12.95 

Kast Ilarrisburg M. .!. Mumma 18.50 

Si. 50 




West Fairview .). II. Young... 


M verstown cil cuit. . 
Ml. Piagah, I'uil'a:.: 
Frederick City, Md. 

Bendersville, Pa 

Littles town, Pa 

Colnn. bin 




Mount Wolf 

!!U Springs 

Lebanon I). A 

Moiintville J. A 

C. Itenu. 

.J. P. ssihith 

G. W. M. Rigor.. 
Ceo. W. Kiracofe 

T. Wagn«T 

W. II. 8 dlcnbergi 

15. Ludwick 

, I- If. Kramer 25.25 

. W. U. Weaver. ... jo oo 

Z. A. »eidler 17.17 

A. II. Shank o.oo 

W. O. Urimm 15.62 

Longeiieck'.i' 11.03 
Lytor ir.')0 

Hoonsboro, Md c. M. Holt 4.50 

Boiling Springs A. It. Avers 10.50 

Ilarrisburg Memorial. .H. C Philippe . 41 29 

Lebanon 1 rinity J. W. tetter GO.OO 

Woodbury, Md V. P>. Gi uber lo.OO 

Mechanicsburg J. H.Hutchieon 5.00 

Total rei oited up to May 10th 452.12 

A Sketch of William Biltinger 


William Bittinger was born on the 
21st day of November, 1820, at the 
old homestead on the Carlisle turnpike, 
three miles northeast of Hanover. — 
His mother's maiden name was Lydia 
Blair. He was the oldest of twelve 
children. His great-great-grandfather, 
Adam Bittinger, migrated from Alsace, 
France, with his family in 1736; land- 
ed at Philadelphia, and settled at Lan- 
caster, but afterwards removed to 
York. He had a family of ten children, 
the oldest of whom was Nicholas and 
the greatgrandfather of William. He 
was born in Alsace in 1725 and died 
in 1804, and is buried in the Lutheran 
cemetery at Abbottstown. He was a 
member of the committee of safety 
for York county in 1775. In July, 
1776, he became Cajitain in the Sec- 
ond Battalion and marched to New 
Jersey — was at Fort Washington near 
New York and at Paoli. He was a 
man of wealth and great energy, and 
an active officer in the Lutheran 
church at Abbottstown. He left a 
family of nine children — two sons and 
seven daughters. His oldest son, 
Joseph, grandfather of, is 
buried by his side, and left a family 
of five sons, the second of whom also 
named Joseph — father of William — is 
buried in Hanover. He was an earn- 
est advocate of education and did all 
he could to have his children properly 
instructed. He liberally patronized 
the subscription schools of those times. 
William was fond of school, and al- 
ways spoke in terms of highest praise 

of his teachers, among whom were 
Emory Steigers, James Hudson and 
Henry Ellis. He worked on the farm 
and attended school and this furnish- 
ed him constant employment in his 

But as the family was large it was 
early decided by the parents that 
William should seek employment else- 
where. He spent his fifteenth birth- 
day at home, and the next day, Novem- 
ber 22nd, 1835, in company with his 
father, he came to Abbottstown to 
serve a term of two years in the store 
of Joseph Carl. He proved an atten- 
tive and useful boy, was active, and 
devoted himself earnestly to his call- 
ing, with the fixed determination of 
becoming an expert merchant. His 
two years expired November 22nd, 
1837. He went home and soon after 
engaged with Samuel Wintrode to 
assist in teaching a school in Waynes- 
boro, Franklin county. The school, 
which they taught by subscription, 
was large, as they had on their roll 
one hundred and nineteen names, and 
a regular daily attendance of over one 
hundred pupils. Henry L. Fisher, a 
prominent lawyer of York, was a scholar 
under Mr Bittinger's instruction. 

When the school closed on the first 
of May, 1838, he engaged for a while 
in the store of INJr. Geo. Basehoar, a 
prominent merchant at Waynesboro, 
and desired to remain there, but at 
the instance of his father he left his 
position in that town, and in the lat- 
ter part of June, 18S8, went into the 
store of his uncle, Henry Bittinger, in 
Petersburg, Adams county, and re- 
mained there till November, 1841. 

He spent the winter with his father 
on the old homestead, and in March 
came to Abbottstown and opened a 
store and continued at that business 
till March 1855. The close confine- 
ment to his duties had impaired 
his health, and to obtain more out- 
door exercise he moved on the old 
farm where his parents had lived and 
died. He was there but two years, and 
in the spring of 1857 moved back to 
Abbottstown, where he henceforth re- 

When Mr. Bittinger came to Ab- 
bottstown in the spring of 1842 to 
enter upon business on his own re- 
sponsibility, the first plan was to join 
the church and marry. Hence, on 
the morning of the first day of May 
he was confirmed by the Bev. Wm. 
Keilig, then pastor of the Lutheran 
church, and received into communion 
and fellowship. In the evening of 
the same day he was married to 
Elizabeth Heaffer, and both entered 
upon their respective duties without 
an}- loss of time the next day, he in 
his store and she in the house. The 
older citizens of Abbottstown well 
knew with what energy he devoted 
himself to his calliim - . As a business 



man, Mr. Bittinger stood high from 
the first. Shrewd, calculating and 
determined, he was prompt in meet- 
ing every obligation. Among men of 
financial responsibility his word was 
taken as a certainty, for he would not 
undertake to do what he could not. 

He always looked for his own, and 
for this reason men of careless and ir- 
responsible business habits regarded 
him as too exacting. But right- 
minded people admired this quality, 
for when he passed his word it could 
be relied upen. He had an excellent 
judgment and a remarkably good 
memory. He understood men and 
could not be easily misled His esti- 
mate of values was very rarely wrong. 
When he decided to do anything he 
never vacillated, but moved forward 
with energy and determination. Noth- 
ing could disconcert him in his plans, 
and no confusion could change his 
cool-headed, sagacious and self-pos- 
sessed bearing. He always remained 
courteous when irritating circumstan- 
ces came in his pathway and hence 
had no apologies afterwards to make 
for indiscreet words hastily spoken. 
His deliberate and cool judgment 
were a great help to him in his busi- 
ness enterprises and gave the vantage 
ground to him. 

In the church he was a regular at- 
tendant until unable by ill-health to 
go to the divine service. He was 
never demonstrative in his religious 
duties, but with a regular system he 
went straight forward in the service 
of his Master. He loved the Bible 
and the Christian ministry. The 
preaching of the Word gave to him 
great delight, tie observed the Sac- 
rament of the Lord's Surnper regular- 
ly, and when not able at the last com- 
munion in January to be present in 
the church, he received it at the hands 
of his pastor in his sick room. Dur- 
ing his long protracted illness he 
often spoke of his hope in Christ the 
Bedeemer, and looked forward to the 
time when he woulel behold him in 
glory. To him death hael no terrors, 
and the future presaged to him great- 
er felicity than this world could pos- 
sibly afford. The frequent religious 
visits of his pastor he always greatly 
enjoyed. In his family he always was 
the perfect gentleman. Respectful, 
courteous ancl obliging to his devoted 
wife, affectionate and kind to his chil- 
dren. To them his presence was a 
constant benediction, and their love 
for him was exceedingly strong. But 
with all this during the years death 
came time and again, ancl Brudence 
and Emma and Mary and lastly Jose- 
phine, in the time of mature woman- 
hood, with all the charms of a grace- 
ful and cultured refinement, were 
called away, while their bodies sleep 
side by siele in the family lot to await 
the resurrection of the just. His 


married life extendeel through a period 
of nearly forty-six years. 

About four years ago his health 
began to give way. The long confine- 
ment to a store room had impercepti- 
bly (at first) affected his lungs, and 
advancing age eleveloped that trouble 
more ancl more. In the winter of 
1884 he was twice exposed to cold 
that did him great injury. The spring 
of 1885 revealed the fact that pul- 
monary troubles had to be faced. A 
relief for the time came in abscesses, 
but they greatly reduced in strength 
his otherwise excellent and powerful 
physical system. Ho bore up well 
and long. He had always led a moral 
and temperate life, and by that was 
able to bear up so long against the 
troubles of his lungs. His healthy 
heart warded off death for months 
and months and thus prolonged his 
life as long as possible. 

During all this affliction his mind 
remained good. Even when sick his 
excellent memory would recall the 
most minute details of business trans- 
actions as well as the events in ordin- 
ary life. In fact, few instances can 
be found where a man in such pro- 
tracted sickness retained such won- 
drous mental power. Never fretful, 
never ill-natured, but always cheerful 
and contented, he taught a lesson of 
patience and Christian fortitude wor- 
thy of imitation. It was natural for 
a man of his buoyancy of spirit and 
energy in active life to take an inter- 
est in the things that pertain to this 
life. To a friend he remarked a short 
time ago that when young and when 
he started out in business he made up 
his mind to save out of his earnings 
enough so as to have something to 
live upon in old age. This he regard- 
ed as a young man's duty. Then he 
remarked, now it will soon happen 
that he would not need the things of 
this lie, and obtain that better posi- 
tion which is granted by that Saviour 
whom he loved. In his whole sick- 
ness he maintained a strong faith in 
Christ. He was willing to die. To 
his family he remarked early in the 
week that Saturday would be his try- 
ing day. And it proved so; for on 
Saturclay evening, at thirty-five min- 
utes past eight o'clock, he calmly fell 
asleep at his residence in Abbottstown 
at the age of 67 vears, 3 months and 
12 days. 


Socrates' Argument From Design, to 
Prove the Divine Existence. From 
Xenoi hjn's Memorabilia. 

Is it then not apparent that 
he who made man in the beginning 
enelowed him with senses for some 
wise purpose, the eyes to see what is 
to be seen, the ears to hear 
what is to be heard? For what 

purpose were odors prepared if w« 
had no sense of smell ? W hat elistinc- 
tions would there have been between 
sweet and sour, the pleasant and un 
pleasant to the taste, if a palate had 
not been given, in a suitable place, to 
test and proclaim the distinction ? Be- 
sides, does it not seem clearly the 
work of a kind Brovidence that the 
eyes, since they are so tender, are pro- 
tected by eyelids like doors, which, 
when it is necessary to see, open 
themselves, but in sleep close them 
selves "? Do not eyelashes grow on the 
edges of the eyelids, a screen, as it 
were, to keep off the wind ? Do not 
the eyebrows arch the eye above that 
they may turn the sweat of the fore- 
head lest it flow into and annoy the 
tender organs. Is it not wonderful 
that the ear can take in sounds of' 
every kind and yet not be obstructed 
by them? That in the animal the fore- 
teeth are suited for cutting the food, 
and the back teeth for receiving and 
grinding it ? That the mouth, through 
which the food is taken, is placed near 
the eyes and nose (to guard against 
the unwholesome being taken?) and 
what might disgust the sense is re-; 
moved from them? Canst thou then 
doubt whether all this is the result of 
chance or intelligence? 

Besides, has not man alone of all 
animals been made upright, which al- 
lows him to see farther, and with 
more ease to look upon the splendid 
scene above and makes less the elanger 
of injury to that part of the body in 
which the gods have placed the eyes,, 
ears and mouth ? 

On the other hand the gods have 
given to other animals feet only, which 
imparts the power to move only, while 
in addition they have given hands td 
man, which accomplish most of the 
things that make us superior to other; 
animals. And although all animals 1 
have a tongue, the goels have mad3>, 
that of man only such as by touching.' 
the mouth here and there, can make!; 
certain sounds to impart to one an-f 
other all things which we wish. . . 1 

But the gods cared for man not I 
only in regard to boely, but, what is 
most important, they infused into him 
the most excellent gift — the soul. To* 
what other animal is there given a sold 
to comprehenel, hi the first place,the ex j 
istenco of the gods who have institute 
eel this greatest and granelest order ol 
things? "What other animal than! 
man worships the gods? The mini 
of man more than of any other animal 
is atlapted to provide against hunger 
or thirst, colel or heat, to apply reme-j 
dies for disease, to develop strength! 
through exercise, to exercise inform*! 
tion through labor, and especially toj 
remember what is seen, heard, oil 
learned. Is it not evident then thai 
men are gods, as it were, among tbej 
other animals, being so far superior 

1 1 
























bl a 



f w 

i wee 
d nil 
ce, tc 
? Be 
y the 
it the 
3 pro- 
n the' 
as it 
.1 not 
; that; 
f < >re- 
y the 
Is oj 
% and 
L noai 
i and 
is re- 
. then 
ult of 

of all 
ch al- 1 

>dy in 


ds to 
f the' 
ae an- 
il not 
hat is 
;o him 
1. To 
a soul 
he ex- 
■der of 
allv to 
i d, or 
n tha 1 
ig the 
perio 1 

to them in body and in mind. For 
a being having the body of an ox and 
the mind of a man would nut bo able 
to accomplish the things which he 
meditates and the animal which has 
hands but not reason is in no wise 
superior. The human form alone 
would be of no advantage to the brute 
void of understanding. Do you then 
(Aristcdemus) in whom join both the so 
great benefits (a most wonderful soul 
in a no less wonderful body) still think 
the gods have no care for you. 



The Planets. — Mercury becomes an 
evening star on the 10th of May. Ve- 
nus is now quite near the sun but is 
still morning- star. Mars is on the 
Meridian on the 10th. On the 20th 
the planet Jupiter passes so near the 
second magnitude star Beta Scornii 
that the star- will be invisible to the 
naked eye. Saturn is still evening 
star in the constellation Cancer. 

Constellations. — Besides the Cir- 
cumpolar constellations the following 
are in view at 9 p. m. The Grey- 
hounds, Coma, Bernices, Virgo, Li- 
hra, Scorpio, Bootes, Hercules, Opho- 
phant, Lyra, Cygnus, Draco, Perseus, 
Amiga, Germui, Cancer, Leo, Cans, 
Major and Minor. 

In consequence of the long contin- 
ued cold weather this spring the blos- 
soms and leaves in this valley are 
from six to ten days later than the 
usual time. Whether this will effect 
the fruit is doubtful, but the compar- 
atively dry weather, with the former 
fact, will likely be injurious to early 
blossoming varieties. 

Several good photographic views of 
the rostrum and decorations of the 
late society anniversary have been 
made. Copies can be had by apply- 
ing to the Natural Science Depart- 
ment. . 

Botany work is pressing now. The 
class this year is continuing the work 
ot making a good collection of the lo- 
cal Flora, so well begun last vear. 
Auvthmg rare in this line will be 
fclaary received and made part of the 

Photography is gaining increasing 
importance in the criminal courts. 
i,Y i lts llel P a Bcrlil1 merchant was 
uoeiy convicted of crooked ways in 
^eepmg his accounts. The slightest 
^terence in the color and shade of ink 

con * n manifest m tIie photographic 
m blue ink appears nearly white, 

bS 1 ? n the contrar ^ neai ^ r 

snK, \, , e books of the accused were 
took r n t0 a P llo tographer, who 
brnn n - P a Pcrs concerned and 
d™, ? J Ulto the courfc tllc mc «t un- 
i 0cular P roofs of the illegi- 

A subsequent chemical 

test substantiated this evidence. 
The photographic is to be preferred 
to the chemical test because it brings 
its proofs into the court, and 
submits them to inspection, at 
the same time leaving the docu- 
ment under examination unharmed, 
while the results of a chemical test 
must be taken on the evidence of the 
chemist alone, and the writing exam- 
ined is perhaps destroyed. In an- 
other case the changing of the date of 
a note by an ^significant erasure and 
addition was proved by means of pho- 
tography. — Berlin letter, /Science 

3ars that most of our mathe- 


matical friends are "cornered" on the 
problems in the March number, at 
least w r e received no solutions to Nos. 
•I and 5. A solution to No. 4 came as 
we were going to press. We give it 
without examination. Is it correct? 
We again invite our friends to con- 
tribute to this department of the 
Forum. The time spent on a good 
problem furnishes a mental discipline 
that can not be estimated in dollars 
and cents. 

We believe it was John Quincy xAdams 
who during each day of his active life, 
solved a problem in some department 
of mathematics, simply for the mental 
drill it a 'ibrded. We wish we had some 
more Adams's among the alumni of 
L. V. C. Thanks to those who have 
so kindly responded. Let ua hear 
from others. 


No. 4, (March number.) Since the 
ages of the sons are 10 and 14 years, 
the sums of money are on interest 11 
and 7 years respectively, and the 
$5000 must be divided into parts 
which are inversely as 11 and 7. The 
younger son's share is 7-1 Sth of $5000, 
or $1944.4*5, the older son's 11-lSth 
of $5000, or $3055.555. 



No. 9. If the minute hand of a I 
town clock be four feet long, and the ! 
hour hand three feet long, when first 
after four o'clock are their ends live 
feet apart? 

No. 10. A starts to walk from 
Annville to Fredericksburg at the 
rate of 3 miles per hour. Tvventy 
minutes later B starts on a bicycle on 
the same trip at the rate of 1*2 miles 
an hour. On reaching Fredericks- 
burg B rests £ of an hour and after 
riding 20 minutes on his return trip, 
meets A still on the way. What is 
the distance from Annville to Freder- 
ick sburo-? 

of the executive committee and con- 
ducted chapel exercises. ?> 

Bev. J. A .Lyter, of Mountviile, paid 
us a friendly visit in the interest s of 
"College Day." These visits froni dhr 
Alumni are highly appreciated. 

President Loi*enz and the Profess- 
ors were visiting different charges 
during "College Day" and delivered 
sermons and educational addresses-.' f 

Prof. Goho's visit at the anniversary 
of the P. L. S. was very much appre- 
ciated by his many friends, lie "is 
pleased with the many, improvements 
here and is heartily in sympathy with 
the College. • - ;;V V 

Among the recent chapel talk?} 
Pres. Lorenz gave some very whole- 
some suggestions on choosing a sub- 
ject for an oration and Prof. Dpaner 
treated Forestry, especially of interest 
from the proximity of Arbor Day: .. . 

Miss Sheldon was called home on 
May 1st, to take care of her sister 
who was taken very ill with a fever. 
She returned on the 10th, and reports 
her sister convalescing. Mrs. Prof. 
Deaner took charge of the Art Depart- 
ment during her absence. 
Mr. Gideon B, Kreider, class '83, has 
entered the estate of matrimony with 
Miss Anna Brunner for his compan- 
ion. The ceremony took place April 
26th, • at Campbellstown, Pa., in- the 
presence of many witnesses. An ex?, 
cellent home is already prepared for , 
them in Annville. May the years to 
follow be as full of rich gifts, and 
bright sunshine as their Aveddiagday. 



Bev. J. P. Smith of Myerstown, ac- 
companied Bro. Haak to" the meeting 

Not least pleasurable among the 
features of this term's work are the 
lectures of delivered the Normal class 
in particular, but greatly enjoyed by 
all the students. 

Prof. Henry Hauck, our jovial Dep- 
uty State Superintendent of Public 
Instruction, opened the course by a 
very witty and highly instructive lec- 
ture on the school "Programme". His 
introductory sentence was, "Students 
may come and students may go, even 
presidents may come and presidents 
may go, but I stand forever." The 
Professor for many years has been 
one of the most popular lecturers to 
our Normal clas:;. 

Prof. Coughlin, Superintendent of 
Luzerne county, thoroughly interested 
the students in Habit as a Factor in 
Education. It was quite a complete 
discussion and made the teachers feel 
responsible for the intellectual habiis 
of the men of the future who are now 
children under their instruction. 

Prof. McNeal, Superintendent of 
Dauphin county, spoke on "Tact in 
Teaching". He was happy in his il- 
lustration and declared that tact is to 

a considerable extent a matter of cul- 

Prof. Coughlin returned to open the 
Normal Class Institute, April 26th 
and 27th. He gave the Institute a 
lively impulse by two vigorous lec- 
tures, afternoon and evening. In the 
evening lecture was a strong appeal 
to parents and guardians to show 
deeper interest in public school pupils 
and teachers. 

The latest, May 10th, was a lecture 
on "Music in the Public Schools," by 
Prof. J. H. Kurzenknabe, of Harris- 
burg, author of "Music at Sight," a 
book which is meeting with wide ac- 
ceptance. The Professor is enthusias- 
tic and thoroughly interesting; he pre- 
sented the subject in a manner compre- 
hensive and forcible. The "Model 
Drill" in the evening was highly en- 
joyable and instructive. 

We very much regret that Prof. 
Bodenhorn, Superintendent of Leba- 
non county, who was to lecture once 
or twice a week to the class, has been 
unable to do so on account of illness. 

A second Teacher's Institute has 
been arranged for May 26th, which, 
with the lecturers yet to come, ought 
to complete a specially profitable term 
for the Normal class. 


Clionian Literary Society. 

riiilokosmian Lite-aiy Society. 

"esse quam videei. 

We thus extend our gratitude to 
the Philokosmian Literary Society for 
the kind invitation to attend their an- 

Miss Emma Landis is visiting at 
the home of Eev. I. W. Sneath, Cam- 
bridgeport, Mass. During her trip 
she will visit Philadelphia and Boston. 

Mrs. Sallie A. Geyer of Catawissa 
visited her parents and friends in 
Annville a short time ago. 

Another home is made bright by 
one of our Clionian sisters. The 
wedding of Miss Jennie Light and 
Kev. L. O. Burtner took place May 
9th. The latter graduated at Union 
Biblical Seminary on said date. Their 
future home will be in Keedysville, 
Md. The best wishes of the society 
accompany them. 

Miss Sallie Mark spent a few r days 
in Lebanon last week. 

Miss Allie Kutz received a very 
pleasant call from her brother Mr. H. 
A.. Kutz and Mr. Geo. Landis both of 

Miss Annie Gensimere was among 
the visitors of last week, also Miss 
Anna Backenstoe. 

Miss Delia Goheen visited places of 
interest in Philadelphia and reports a 
very pleasant trip. 

Miss Minnie Landis was the guest 
of Miss Anna Peed last week. 

The anniversary was held Friday 
eve. the 4th inst. 

Prof. S. O. Goho delivered the Phi- 
lokosmian address. 

Among the ex-members present 
were Eev. Z. A. Weidler, C. H. Eack- 
enstoe and M. S. Dangherty. 

Because of the sickness of his father 
Mr. J. S. Ealsbach has returned 

Mr. B. F. Dougherty ministered 
to the people at Amityville on Sun- 
day the 6th inst. 

The Society has at present more 
than fifty active members, all of 
whom show a p - ood degree of earnest- 
ness and enthusiasm. 

Prof. S. O. Goho strikes the right 
chord when he pleads for special atten- 
tion to the systematic shicly of the 
English language. 

Quite a number of the members 
took an active part in the Institute 
held on Arbor day by the Normal De- 

Another of our former members, in 
the person of G. B. Kreider has be- 
gun a voyage on the matrimonial sea. 
Miss Brunner is the bride. They an- 
chored hi the home formerly occupied 
by ex-president DeLong. 

Sunday School conventions and cir- 
cuses do not often occur at the same 
place on the same day. Messrs Jos. 
Daugherty, J. H. Miller and S. C. 
Enck visited Lebanon on the 10th 
inst. They seem to have been well 
pleased with the exercises. 

The Philokosmian Anniversary 

The twenty -first anniversary of the 
Philokosmian Literary Society was 
celebrated in the College chapel, on 
Friday evening, May 4th. Despite 
the threatening weather, the chapel 
was filled to overflowing. Friends 
and ex- members were present from 
Lebanon, Hummelstown, Deny, Swa- 
tara, Harrisburg, Newville and Pine- 
grove. In the recess back of the ros- 
trum was hung a shield, hand- 
somely embellished with their motto, 
"Esse quam Videre." Below the 
shield a steel engraving of American 
Authors, and on either side, the 
presidents of the United States 
and the founder. There were very 
many choice and rare flowers, artisti- 
cally arranged which gave an air of 
cheerfulness, and added much to the 
enjoyment of the occasion. 

Mr. Benj. F. Daugherty, the presi- 
dent, in a few fitting words, welcomed 
the audience. President Lorenz led 
in invocation. 

Mr. E. S. Bowman was salutatorian. 
He represented the society as having 
been sailing upon a beautiful lake for 

twenty-one years. Timbers w*en 
taken from sturdy oaks. The veaL fo 
was launched in 1867. The flag \dte 1 
esse quam videre. It abhors all js obi 
tense. The divine hand was atj "3 
helm. The ports were law, medici $oi 
theology, science, literature, art d los< 
music. All breasted the gale. Metiidc 
bers were lighthouses and rescuffls 
many from the billows. The growbrt 
was by increments like the coi 3, t 
Welcomed ex-members and friends om 
this, the period of their maturiunf 
trusting that the thoughts and sen >cie 
ments may be in accordance with | v a 
sweetness of the fragrant air. W i 

The first orator "was Mr. S. 'ed< 
Faust. His theme was "The life] iwhj 
the Soul Continued." The soul d .vis. 
tin ues to live after death. Apparen 'h' e 
it is extinguished in the dissolutiofi E< 
the body. The soul not depende orL 
upon matter for sustenance. I a I 
universal belief is that the soul « 
tinues, and nature implanted the 1 ' th 
lief. The adaptation of the soul tot hy 
acquisition of knowledge and its si it, < 
ceptibility to culture seem to dema ,8 ^ e 
a greater time than is afforded in tl Sse 
condition of life. The physical woi 6k 
recognizes the destruction of no fo#'ev; 
or substance, and by analogy, neiti au< 
does the moral recognize the destn 16 1 
tion of mind, which is also fow^ 
There is a progressive develojiment 
life in nature. Man is allied totP e11 
lower forms. The probability is 
he is also allied to higher forms of 1 ian 
ing. Eevelation changes the twilig ier< 
of speculation into noonday. ^ 

Mr. James B. Stein gave a euli 11 
upon "The Warrior of the KhinP * 
Ever since the year 911 the Ehine 
a German Ehine. Upon its bair'. jlc 
Charlemagne established the chrisjL 
church, and John Huss and Martini }™ 
ther preached the reformation. ±ux 
many s earliest rulers were there h( lat 
qred. Thus the Ehine became the bal 1 ? 
bone of German life. Louis XIVJ ^ 6< 
France, in course of time seized tbr ° 
fertile lands. Two months ago, Gf 8 ; 
many, draped in mourning, laid to K 


him who raised her fallen glory, 4 
who deserves to be called the Warn , e , 
of the Ehine. When but nine yd ^ 
old, Napoleon crushed to atoms j ' , 
once mighty country of his grand-uli ^ ^ 
Frederick the Great. At the dea£ 
bed of his heart-broken mother, 
heroic Louise, William 

■ „>rs] 
swore eteH^ 

vengeance on the French, and' det 
mined that his life work should 1)0 
re-unite his fatherland. The 

e 3 


NVOl un ( 

knows the result of the battle field 
Sadowa, and how Napoleon III 
humiliated in the Franco Pruss: 
War. But a few days later, and 
was crowned William I, Erster Kai 
von Deutchlancl, and the dying praj 
of Louise was answered. He loved 
armies, wliich became the migkti 1 
engines of war the world has & 


Avefeeru Hated by the people in youth, 
vesie became to be loved with a passion- 
lag Xe love. He has gone to rest, but his 
all pfoble deeds and memory still live, 
s at tl "Modern Crusades" was subject of 
cdici*eond orator, Mr. John L. Keedy. If 
art aliose who broke the monotony of the 
Middle ages, had been asked what 
rescurrts the thing necessary for their com- 
growfcrt and perpetuity, their reply would 
T coi<3, the recovery of the Holy Land, if 
endsjjo'man philosophers were asked the 
iturittime question the reply would come, 
cl senpciety must be maintained in its pur- 
ith tiv and whatever causes a revision of 
Iw must be counteracted. Thus the 
S. federal system, the Church, the Mon- 
3 liferchy and the Crusades have all been 
ml cfvisli in their bequeathal of the form- 
)arenlive elements of our civilization. 
u tion|Rome, once the mistress of the 
oenc Uorld, ujw slumbers in dust. Amer- 
e. T|a' what of thee? Are not Nihilism, 
oul cjommunism and Auarchy, the objects 
the f thy care, and thou a twin to Borne? 
d to ihy son, Intemperance, thou cherish - 
its sft, © ven ^ he s ^ a y thee. Thou hast 
] ema |stered Mormonism and lavished 
I in til ssei on her. Her sister, Catholicism, 
d won closing in around your heart. The 
no foiPtevalenee in the current literature of 
neithfhioiples in some degree adverse to 
lestrJ 16 hfe of our society awakes appre- 
> forf us i° u - "These are the curses of our 
mentjbble laud, foes' to society. Subdue 
to tj&em now, and nourish church and 
is tlfhool and moral influences. Better 
is of tP an * s a pure religion in Avhich 
twiliff ere * s a little of Augustine and 
Iftlvin, and much of Christ, 
euloi The historian, Mr. Reno S. Harp, 
RhiniP ^ on "The Glory of Philokosmian- 
m." .It has been the custom of all 
tioas to eonsid re -the state of its in- 
hitants, its institutions, and its pol- 
.rtinll 10 ^ anc ^ ecclesiastical forms of gov- 
K (3rnment, with its grand achievements 
3re IwM' their effects never die. Moral 
heba/fd intellectual improvemeut was the 
XI v ^ °^ l i)a:i ders of the society. 
3 j tbf ' lc Ids'.ory of the society is a glorious 
r>- 0i fif 16 ' childhood tj maturity. 

;ltoM' n ' na ^ evsr inspires us with elo- 
>rv af eac< ? ancl u °l J l e thoughts. Men of 
Warn *' e o r ity> of true courage, of piety, of 
ic ve4 oblen f f s of »->ul, are the light of the 
>ms i ^' ^e aa3 always fostered true 
id-tutf Iety ' She has sent f.»rch tho ;e who 
dea< e stron 8* pillars in the church, who 
e Professors ia our College, in Uui- 
eteri; rsities > Superintend mts ' of Public 
p j e t l:strac -ion and Principals of Asada- 
ld be ; ;os an /^ S.-h >ols, leading Liw- 
Physiciaas and Authors and 
. fieldr JU V ;d ^ among the laity of the 
Jiurch, whose lives are c >ns derated to 
"** and hamauitv. Our society is 
1 inheritance without blemish* or 



J rus* 

^ Its influence extends from Ver- 


to the g; 
from the 

? P 1 ?- Vest, 
oved'jyi] T , . 

,io-hti< ■ i xt 18 a progress wi 
triumph of truth and 

eat forests of the 
lakes to the sunny 
without end 
moral ex- 

cellenc3. The honorary orator Prof. 
S. O. Goho spoke on our "Mother 
Tongue." There should be a system- 
atic study of our own language. All 
colleges have their chairs of Latin 
and Greek, but how few have chairs 
of English. Revolution is necessary. 
It is objected that English is not high- 
ly inflected. This is an advantage, 
rather than an objection. Lan- 
guage traced t> Sxxms. Mxl3i*n 
English dropped the inflection, hence 
more suited for thinking. The key to 
the noblest literature ever known. The 
nation which suffers its language to 
be corrupted will degenerate. The two 
advantages of the classics are discipline 
and information. Why not as much 
from the English ? Tne great lesson 
is to think in the best word?, in lucid 
order, rich in variety and felicity of 
expression. Education begins when 
we excluda slang. The Professor's 
scholarly treat Jient, interspersed with 
humor, called forth repeated applause. 

The music was furnished by the so- 
ciety, and was excellent. The open- 
ing anthem, "Hark! The song of Jubi- 
lee," by sixteen members; s'ocal solo, 
"True to the Last," by James Stein ; 
piano duetb, "Valse de Fleurs," by 
the Messrs Keedy ; Quartette, "Song 
of the Whippoorwill," by Messrs 
Hain, Flook, Long and Gerbarich; vio- 
lin solo, "Eantasie," by Mr. Emerson 
Heiiman ; Mr. Heilman was encored. 
Quartette, "Sunrise" by Messrs Daugh- 
erty, Harp, Faust and Shaffer. Miss 
Alice Gingrich presided at the piano. 
The society presented her with a sil- 
ver cake basket, well filled, and a wa- 
ter set, as an appreciation of her ser- 

Bouquets of exquisite baauty Avere 
showered upon the speakers. The 
anniversary was a perfect success 
The commendation of what has been' 
achieved places upon each a new obli- 
gation to keep up that standard, and 
that success reveals the grand possi- 
bility of the future, 


Tho Absence of Little Wesley. 


Sence little Wesley went, the place seems 

all so strange and st'll — 
VT'y T miss his yell o' gran'pap!" as I'd 

miss the Whippprwill! 
And to think I ust to s?old him fer Ins 

cvcrlastin' no's?, 
When I on'y rickolieet him as the best o' 

little boys! 
[ w'.s'.lt i a hundind times a day 'at he'd 

come tmnpin' in. 
And all the imise he ever mudo was twic't 

as load ag'in! — 
It 'n'd seem like som?s>ft music played 

o.i some tine instrument, 
' Lo-.igside o' this loud lo:iesome::css, sence 

littlvi Wesley went. 

Of course the clock don't tick no louder 

than it ust to do — 
Yit now they 's time's it peers like it 'u'd 

bu'st itself in-two! 
And, let a rooster, suddent like, crow 

som'ers clos't around, 
And it seems 's ef, mighty nigh it, it 'u'd 

lift me off the ground! 
And same with all the cattle when they 

bawl around the bars. 
In the red o' airly mornin', er the dusk 

and dew and stars, 
When the neighbors' toys 'at passes never 

stop, but jes go oa, 
A-whistlin' kind o' to theirse'v's — sence 

little Wesley's gone! 

And then, o" nights when Mother's settin' 

up uncommon late, 
A-bilin' pears er' soraepin, and I set and 

smoke and wait, 
Tel the moon out through the winder don't 

look bigger'n a dime, 
And things keeps gitten' stiller — stiller — 

stiller all the time, — 
1' vo ketcbed myse'f a-wishin' like — as I 

chimb on the cheer 
To wind the clock, as I hev done fer moro 

'n fifty year' — 
A-wishin' 'at the time lied come fer us to 

go to bed, 

With our last prayers, and our last tears, 

sence little Wesley's dead! 
James Whitcomb Riley, in the May 1 Century. " 

A New Origin Attributed to 

The following is from Dr. Eggles- 
ton's illustrated historical paper in 
the May "Century": "About 1679 
there sprang up in England what 
were known as the 'religious societies,' 
and though a great part of the relig- 
ious history of England and her col- 
onies in the eighteenth century lay in 
embryo in that movement, we cannot 
now tell the name of its originator or 
the source of his inspirations. It is 
possible that some stray seed from 
Spener's pietistic meetings in Ger- 
many had been wafted across the 
Channel, but it is more probable that 
the English societies were indigenous. 
The members of these obscure asso- 
ciations stirred up one another to de- 
votion, and resorted to the communion 
of the parish churches in a body. It 
was the phenomenon so often seen in 
the world's religious history,- — ecek'Mn 
in ecclesia—VL church growing within 
a church that had lost the power to 
satisfy the aspirations of the human 
spirit About 1691, a dozen years af- 
ter their beginning, some of these as- 
sociations came under the influence 
of the reformatory impulse set a-going 
by the revolution of 1688; and by this 
means losing their merely pietistic 
character, they undertook to cooper- 
ate for the suppression of the preva- 
lent vices of the time. Three or four 
years later tho hidden leaven of tha 
societies began to make itself felt 
as a force to be reckoned with, and 



Queen Mary and Archbishop Tillotson 
thought it worth while to lend their 
approval to this new movement, which 
had grown while sovereigns and pre- 
lates slumbered and slept. By 1701 
there were twenty allied societies for 
the reformation of manners in the 
British Islands, besides forty 'devout 
societies' of the original kind. 

"The most conspicuous outgrowth 
of the devout societies, was the Meth- 
odist movement of the eighteenth 
century, though I do not know that 
the connection has ever been pointed 
out. The so-called 'Holy Club' of 
Oxford, from which issued the Wes- 
leys and Whitefield, appears to have 
been merely one of the religious so- 
cieties which had already nourished 
for fifty years, and some of which were 
still in existence thirty years later.- — 
From this same familiar model Wes- 
ley doubtless borrowed the outlines of 
the plan that resulted in the more 
highly organized Methodist societies 
out of which in time have come the 
great Methodist bodies." 

Literary Gossip. 

Miss Elizabeth Stuart Phelps is so 
much an invalid this winter that she, 
is obliged to stay indoors very closely 
in her Andover home. 

A Glimpse of Miss Braddon.- — "A 
pleasant matron-like woman, Miss 
Braddon (Mrs. John Maxwell), above 
the medium height; fair, with a com- 
plexion," says the "Mail and Express," 
"that suggests more of horse exercise 
and the open air generally than pens 
and ink and hard work in a library. 
She has a broad, firm compact fore- 
head. Her eyes are small, and look a 
trifle tired; her mouth large and char- 
acteristic; firm lips, a strong chin. 
The expression of her face suggests 
an amiable temperament and a kindly 
nature: and, like all authors who are at 
work on an engrossing book, there is in 
her eyes an occasional suggestion of in- 
trospection, which means that their 
owner for the moment is thinking of 
her work, taxed unexpectedly with a 
sudden idea, or worried with the vag- 
aries of one of the fictitious characters 
she has created and cannot altogether 

Dr. O. W. Holmes.— This pleasant 
little story concerning the most de- 
lightful of doctors, is told by the Bos- 
ton "Transcript:" A young Southern 
lady found beside her at a Boston 
dinner-party an old gentleman who 
wanted to know how she passed the 
time in the country with her old 

"Well — we read," answered Madem- 

*' :, What do you read?" 

."Chiefly .'The Autocrat of the Break- 

"Don't you get very tired of it?" 

"Oh, no. When we get to the end, 
we simply turn back to the beginning." 

The old gentleman chuckled and 
made a remark implying that the 
"Autocrat" was no great thing among 
books — and Mademoiselle was rather 
surprised at his disparaging air. After 
dinner she demanded of her hostess 
the name of the very unappreciative 
old gentleman, and was told it was 
Dr. Holmes. 

Edith Thomas. — A fragile-looking 
woman, tall, slight, with a graceful, 
yielding, willowy figure, shadows un- 
der her eyes, and ghosts looking out 
of them, attracted some little attention 
standing in front of a growing mass 
of dark pansks in a florist's window 
a day or two since. None of the pass- 
ers had ever seen quite such an em- 
bodiment of the pallid, the wistful, 
the spirit uelle. Everybody turned to 
look a second time at the large eyes, 
the sad curves of the face, the melan- 
choly mouth that looked as if, should 
if smile, it Avould light up the whole 
countenance gloriously. By and by 
it did smile, and cordially, at a little 
child who ran up to look at the pan- 
sies too. The woman was beautiful. 
Nobody recognized the quiet figure, 
but it was that of a writer whose name 
is signed to some of the strongest 
verse of the day — Edith Thomas, who 
has recently come to New York to 
make this city her permanent home. 
Her sister, who would be like her if 
she were not of a more rugged, vigor- 
ous build, accompanies her, and the 
two are often seen together in the 
Park, where they have something of a 
fancy for the monkey cages, and in 
morning walks on the quieter side 
streets. Miss Thomas has spent much 
of her life in the West, but finds a 
cordial welcome from the literary sat 
here, who have long recognized her as 
one of the few genuine poets of the 
day. — ["Mail and Express." 

(•( 1 


There is a pleasing individuality in 
the higher cl"as.3 magazines which 
probably finds its explanation in the 
individuality of their managers. The 
"Century" and "Scribners" each have 
their distinctive flavor and it is diffi- 
cult to decide which is most charming. 
To say that the "Century" ministers 
to broad culture while "Scribiu r»" 
leads to nicety and fastidiousness of cul- 
ture were to suggest the truth rather 
than to express it. "Scribners" has a 
couple of articles on Pope by Austin 
Dobson apropos to the bicentennial 
of the poet's birth which occurred on 
the 21st of May, 1G88. They are ex- 
ceedingly readable and bright as is all 
that Dobson writes. Other articles 
of interest are "Modern Explosives," 



"The Centre of the Republic," "G 
tlemen," a very bright and suggest! 
paper by the literary lion of the hq 
Robert Louis Stevenson, and "% 
Decoration of Vases." A series 
articles on "American Railway™ 
promised which will undoubte 
prove exceedingly interesting 

The May installment of the life 
Abraham Lincoln in the "Centurl J 
is not as exciting as some that ha 
gone before, but manifests a bread 
of treatment and a skill in dealij S 
with large masses of facts in a cli I 
and intelligent manner that are adiT~ 
rable. The Siberian papers are w M 
begun in real earnest and while tl— 
series will not increase the circulate 
of the "Century" as did the war! I 
pers, it will prove acceptable to J I 
present patrons. K , 

The May "Forum" is a brilliai"- 
number of that brilliant review. Tl^" 
article on the "Miscarriage of J K ' B 
ticc," leads one to revise the unfav mi 
able opinion most of us entertain ! 
garding our judicial system. Otli Ml 
articles of great value follow. AImi 
earnestly commend this periodical ] 
our more thoughtful readers as| 
monthly inspiration. 

"The Earth and its Chief Motiofc 
and the Tangent Index,'' a neat pd 
phlet of twenty-eight pages, fr Bl 
Prof. Haywood, Professor of Maff-1 
matics in Otterbein University, isuj 
our table. It is intended to be I 
ful to those who are studying the 
ments of Astroncmy, that the f( 
and motion of the earth may be ni 
clearly seen. The chapter on 
World shows how astronomy helps 
in carrying forward the study of 
own world, and better understand 
science and civilization. The pr 
of the spherical form of the earth 
most convincing. Weight has fcj 
very clearly set forth and acomparial 
made of the weight of bodies at 
sun and on the earth. Facts are 
forth which lead the mind to see { 
the earth has a daily motion; wl] 
brings about the succession of day 
night, and that the change of 
season is caused by the change of 
sun's position to the noith or sol 
of the equator. The Tangent In< 
exhibits at any hour of the day 
night, on any day of the year, then 
direction in space of the earth's i 
tion in its orbit. The Tangent In* 
is an ingenious invention of Profes 
Haywood, which will prove quite ti 
ful and should be a. part of the 
tronomical apparatus of every 
equipped college. Tee name of pr 
Haywood is a sufficient guarantej ] 
the excellency of the pamphlet, I 
sold for the small price of fift< is 
cents, by the Author, or by Rev.l m 
J. Shuey, Dayton, Ohio. fri c